How to determine the number of speeds
The nominal number of speeds is determined by the combinations of the front and rear of the stars. For example, if the bike stars 10 rear and 3 front, the nominal volume is equal to 30, and if the back 9 and then 27. However, there is one caveat — the actual number of speeds that can be used will be less. This is because due to misalignment and incorrect chain tension you should not use all possible combinations of stars.
Optimal switching speeds
In order to avoid tilting, and jump-out circuit is recommended to switch the speed as follows:
• The first front star running back with the stars in the combinations 1-1, 1-2, 1-3 and 1-4.
• The second chainring works with back stars in combinations 2-4, 2-5, 2-6 and 2-7.
• The third chainring works with back stars in combinations 3-6, 3-7, 3-8 and 3-9.
The result is that the bike with three front and nine rear stars nominally has 27 speeds (3 x 9=27), but in fact it is used only 12 speeds. And that's enough to travel through the terrain with any relief.
It is worth noting that to adhere to this scheme is entirely optional, but when using the optimal combinations of the shift of stars is significantly reduced chain wear.
How to shift gears
When riding against the wind, the sand, clay, wet mud, or uphill, you need to "dump" forward gear. Then it will be easier to pedal, to maneuver and gain speed.
The first forward gear is optimal for lifting, if you don't want to put much physical effort. The second transfer is suitable for small UPS and driving drogam. The third forward gear (the big star), it is recommended to switch while riding around the city. While reverse gear is switched in accordance with the above scheme of switching speeds.
Advice 2: How to shift gears on a bike
It is also important to feel good in your bike to hear all the extraneous sounds and determine where they come from. Foreign metallic sound often occurs because of stretching of the chain, why wear out the rest of the bike. At least once a season try to change the chain.
Advice 3: How many speeds can the bike
It's a good point. The number of gears depends on their number. On most bikes manufactured now (highway and cross-countrey) stars are fitted in the rear wheel and the cassette (where the pedals are). To find out how many speeds a particular bike, you need to multiply the number of back and front of stars. For example, if the back 7 stars, and the front is 3, then the bike is 21-speed.
The number of speeds can range from 10 (5 stars rear and 2 front) up to 30 (10 stars back and 3 front). Bike manufacturers often prefer to produce bikes with 21 speeds. This is alloy bike with front shock-absorbing fork, designed for riding not only in the city, but also on the road. A large number of different speeds road bikes with narrow wheels with a diameter from 27 to 31 see Smaller children's bikes.
A bit about proper gear shifting
In order to avoid premature wear of the cassette, chain, and system shift in General, should observe some simple rules. First, you should not shift gears during the climb. The chain tension and so not weak, and even at the chain have instant load during leaps from one star to another. You should choose the slow speed for lifting (in other words, choose the biggest star in the back and smallest in front. Speed switch as for the rear wheel and cassette. Put simply, to lift and selects the first speed on both switches.
Second, is to change the speed only while riding the bike, when spinning pedals. Otherwise, during the launch of the bike people can't hear the nice sound from the chain. This will affect its wear.
The third rule is the difference between the speeds (star circuit) must not be greater than 4. That is, you should not choose the lowest speed for front/rear star and the highest to another. Because of this, the chain can stretch faster than it is designed by the manufacturer of the chain. A stretched chain will damage the gear shifting system in General. It's not very nice and not the cheap repair. The cost of a good switch system may be more than one thousand rubles.
Last but not least, you should regularly lubricate the chain. Signal that it's time to do it, can be foreign metallic noise from the chain or peculiar rustling noise while riding. If the bike is operated carefully and not on the roads, will need to wipe the chain dry with a rag from dirt and then lubricated with special lubricant for Bicycle chains. If the bike is a frequent guest on country roads or sandy beaches, before greasing'll need to wash the chain with kerosene or a special mixture to clean the chain.