Advice 1: What is the speed which corresponds to the transmission

Driving a car is a responsible and important task, requiring knowledge of traffic rules, equipment and transport service. For continuous operation of vehicles requires careful operation. You must know how to shift for smooth driving machine.
What is the speed which corresponds to the transmission
The car can be equipped with automatic (automatic) or mechanical (manual) transmission. If the car MKP is necessary to consider that any car has a specific intervals of speeds for each gear. If I switch to another speed interval should switch to a different transmission.
Speed interval corresponding to the first gear is 0 to 20 km/h the First gear is engaged to start the traffic. When you reach the speed close to maximum for this transfer, you need to switch into second gear. It is permissible to make the switch to a higher gear at a speed of 40 km/h, the crankshaft speed will reach its maximum, which will negatively affect the condition of the engine. Switching from the first speed to the second during acceleration to 3 km/h would be difficult, either machine will be a long time to accelerate, thus affecting the engine and transmission.
The speed interval for the second transmission is considered to be a period of 20-40 km/h Approaching speed 40 km/h, to perform the switching to the third speed, which will lead to economical fuel consumption. A speed range of 40-60 km/h suitable for fourth gear. The engine runs smooth, the transition is performed smoothly and without jerks. When equipped with the five-speed transmission, typing speed of 90 km/h should make the switch to fifth gear. Economical use of fuel will be when driving 90-110 km/h in fifth gear. A further increase in speed will lead to higher costs of fuel.
If you wish to reduce speed, you must consider the intervals of speed for transmission in descending order. Fourth gear should be included by lowering the speed up to 60-70 km/h Third gear is engaged when the vehicle is moving at a speed of 40-50 km/h In second gear should switch when the vehicle speed 20-40 km/h In first gear it is recommended that the vehicle is moving at speeds of 10-20 km/h, driving on uneven surfaces.
When determining the moment of switching of transfer is necessary to consider the peculiarities of operated vehicle. Should listen to the running engine which, when not changing gears will begin to "growl." In the initial stages of use of the car should be aware of the interval velocities corresponding to gears.

Advice 2 : How to switch gears on the machine

Many novice motorists, purchasing a car with a manual transmission, you are faced with a small quandary: how to switch gears. The habit can often "burn through" the engine, or simply to stall. Consider the algorithm shift.
How to switch gears on the machine
You will need
  • — a car with a manual transmission
Every engine, whether carburetor or fuel injected, has its own working speed which machine is best "pulls" quickly and smoothly accelerates when gas pedal is pressed. It depends on the engine size, its capacity, the quality of the fuel mixture and other factors. Usually this period is between 2500-3500 rpm. At the end of the "working" period is the point at which you want to enable the next gear, and in the beginning it is a time when you need to switch to the previous one.
Let's get to practice. For example, the car is running and is in neutral. Fully squeeze the clutch pedal and turn the first gear (lever to the left, then forward), add the gas to 1,500-2,000 rpm (this figure is highly dependent on the engine) and simultaneously gradually releasing the clutch. Don't drop the clutch abruptly, otherwise there is a risk of stalling, or the movement will be intermittent, spasmodic. Well, started.
In first gear don't usually go, it is very short. As soon as you moved off and drove a few meters, the engine speed has reached a value of 2000-2500 per minute, can be switched to second gear. This must be done quickly and smoothly, in one motion. Gas off, at the same time squeeze the clutch pedal to the end, pull the lever on itself and slightly to the left. Then in one motion smoothly bring the RPMs up to 1500-2000, at the same time releasing the clutch pedal. In this case, driving should continue with the acceleration, the car does not have to "dig" nose. If still there is a failure after the switch, then you are either too abruptly released the clutch, or not picked up the momentum after the inclusion of transfer.
On the second and third gear is good to continue the acceleration, keeping the revs in the "working" range of the engine. If you need to dramatically accelerate, it is possible to promote a stronger engine, longer than the moving one. But if you drive safely, the most important thing is to smoothly shift gears and not twisting the engine. Over time you will learn how to "catch" the right moment to change gear for upshifts or downshifts. Prior to this, it is recommended to drive calmly, not including the music or follow the tachometer.
When the aggressive driving style don't use first gear to accelerate better for a second. Do not remove the engine until the "red zone" (6-7 thousand rpm), otherwise the motor will not last you a long time.
If the car is new, the first two thousand kilometres of run makes sense to refrain from harsh acceleration and spin the engine over 3500 rpm.
Useful advice
Reverse gear shift (when you slow down) occurs in a similar way, but the grip is recommended to go slower because you are not always able to calculate the ratio of rpm and speed, with the risk of "strain" the motor or dramatically slow down. Thus the brake lights will not light up, and the next car may not slow down.

Advice 3 : How to switch a box

Right switching speeds on the car is the key to successful driving. "Mechanics" is only at first glance seems complicated. If you work out, you will begin to shift gears, absolutely not thinking.
How to switch a box
Predominances manual transmissions have from 4 to 6-speed shifter + reverse.
The first gear(speed) is included at the beginning of the movement. For this you need to squeeze the clutch and the shift knob rotate left and up.
Transaxle downshift to second gear when accelerating up to 30-40km/h. To activate, depress the clutch and put the transmission from the first down to the left.
The third gear is engaged at a speed of 40-50 km/h declutch, the handle of the transmission from second speed to first move to the neutral position and then immediately right and up.
The fourth gear is engaged at speeds of 60-80 km/h On some machines, allowed the inclusion of up to 100 km/h From third gear when you pressed the clutch, put the gear shift knob down to the right.
The fifth gear is engaged at a speed of 100 km/h From the fourth gear with the clutch depressed, turn the knob up much further to the right than third gear. If after this the car had an unusual sound, a buzz, it means you messed up fifth gear with the third. Turn the knob to the neutral position and turn the gear once again.
Reverse gear in most cars is activated when the switch handle from the neutral position a slight push down strongly to the right and down. On some models, the Vase, the reverse gear is activated by a small push down, left, up.
Automatic transmission, peredachka convenient because you do not need to squeeze the clutch and shift gears yourself - the machine does everything itself. At the beginning of the movement need only to translate the handle in position D(drive), release the brake and the car roll itself. For braking used only the brake pedal. If you want to stay, you must set the pen to position P(parking). To enable reverse gear activated position R.
Robotic gearbox.
Relatively recently a box-a robot that combines mechanical box, and the machine. The system itself looks like a automatic switch. On the wheel there is a special button that allows to switch the machine in position mechanics.

Advice 4 : When you need to switch the speed

Driving a car is a complicated matter, requiring the concentration of all your attention. Training in driving schools is bearing fruit, but the disciples did not always learn some important points. For example, at what point you should switch to a particular transmission.
When you need to switch the speed

Manual transmission is common to both domestic and foreign cars. The art of driving, including a clear control, good acceleration and the motion control is on these cars, including the ability to just switch gears.

Experienced drivers "feel" your car and changing gear, not looking at the speedometer or the tachometer. Beginners should pay attention on these devices.

Driving schools are taught that need to rely more on the tach. Remember that the upshift should occur when the two and a half to three and a half thousand revs. Decrease - if the rpm is below a thousand. In that case, if the upshift will occur at a lower engine speed, the vehicle will simply stall.

Carefully learn, and for the first time and follow the position of the gear lever: do not move from first to fourth or second to fifth. Don't put too much effort to move the lever smoothly direct it, the car itself will help you include the right gear.

If benchmarks speedometer, stick to the following rules. Switching from the first speed to the second takes place at a speed in the range of 20-30 km/h From the second to the third 50-70 km/h; third to fourth - 80-100 km/h; from the fourth to the fifth, starting from 120 km/h. Remember that these speeds are approximate, they may slightly shift depending on the brand of car, its mileage, condition and type of engine.

Getting some driving skills and getting used to your car, you will be able to shift gears without the distraction of the devices. Experienced drivers are guided solely by the sound of the motor. Eventually you will gain the ability to hear your car and trust him in the difficult task of shifting.

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