The most serious damage to the vocal cords causing laryngitis – inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx, which occurs not only in infection control but also in the result of overexertion of the voice. Chronic laryngitis can develop even from prolonged exposure to harmful factors, such as Smoking, alcohol, irritating chemicals, dust. Dryness and painful tension, soreness, covered with follicles the back of the throat – all signs of pharyngitis, which leads to atrophy of the mucous and she can no longer recover. Prescribed physiotherapy – UHF, inhalations with hydrocortisone, irradiation with a laser, cautery, liquid nitrogen and other treatments. If time does not begin treatment, laryngitis and pharyngitis will be protracted and go into a chronic form, the treatment of which causes significant damage to the ligamentous apparatus.In addition, prolonged irritation of the mucous membranes, a prolonged inflammation of the vocal cords is a straight road to the formation of benign tumors. Polyps, fibroids, cysts, "singing nodules" impede the convergence of the vocal folds, there is a wheeze. After surgical intervention for their removal, the purity and sonority of the voice as a rule, recover.Psychoneurosis causes fatigue of the voice, pain in the throat and neck, tickle in the throat, increased salivation, cough. The gradual development of hoarseness, shake vote, change the tone, and in severe cases occurs aphonia – absence of voice. Need complete peace and silence for some time. Effectively in this case, the passage of psychotherapy."Breaking of the voice in puberty usually does not need medical treatment, you should remember that if the protracted mutation is better to consult an otolaryngologist. Diet also affects the vocal apparatus of direct influence. Harmful to abuse the spicy seasonings, too cold, and hot food, not to mention alcohol and tobacco smoke, changing the normal properties of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract.The voice, whatever it was by nature, needs careful relation to it. People with weak vocal apparatus, but who knows how to use it, are more likely to keep it to a ripe old age, rather the owners a strong voice, not respecting the elementary rules of its preservation.