Ghrelin and its antithesis
When the stomach is empty, ghrelin is produced in it. It causes the feeling of hunger. This is a very aggressive hormone – to pacify his new batch of food.
The more the volume of the stomach, the more ghrelin it produces and the more I want to eat. Therefore, it is important not to overeat, not to stretch your stomach. The best way to suppress ghrelin to drink in small SIPS a glass of water.
But the body has a wonderful "brake" leptin. It then increases, then decreases the appetite. When the stomach is full, this hormone gives the brain the command: to decrease appetite, speed up metabolism. However, with age, leptin becomes less, and its deficiency leads to weight gain.
Insulin and its antithesis
The creation of fat reserves leads insulin, the hormone of the pancreas. It not only slows the breakdown of fats received, but also contributes to processing of sugars into fats. The more sugars consume, the more insulin release. That's why binge consumption of sweets and carbohydrates, which are broken down into sugars, causes obesity.
But insulin has a counter hormone Amelin. It slows down the movement of food and reduces the absorption of sugars by the intestine. However, about 20 hours, the insulin level is so high that all high-calorie foods, eaten in that time, resupply and subcutaneous fat. Therefore, nutritionists do not advise eating late in the evening.
If a man has "tummy", depends primarily on testosterone production. A huge number of receptors of this hormone is concentrated in the region of the peritoneum. Therefore, when the testosterone too much fats are deposited in this place.
The female body in significant amounts requires estrogen and progesterone. Them together with the ovaries and the adrenal glands produces fatty tissue. Due to excess of these hormones form thick folds on the abdomen, thighs. But as you approach menopause the synthesis of estrogen and progesterone decreases, and this is also bad: the fat deposits are rising again.
The thyroid hormones
Violations in its work occur more often in women. When it is functioning normally, it produces the required quantities of thyroid hormones. They maintain a high metabolic rate, and maximum food eaten is converted into energy and not deposited as reserve stock.
But if these hormones is not enough, even the most severe restrictions of food don't save you from obesity. In hypothyroidism, which develops due to iodine deficiency, overweight is inevitable. Unfortunately, iodine is not in the water or in the soil in many parts of the country.
How to regulate hormone levels
Physical activity, exercise is the best help to rectify the hormonal imbalances. Such loads increase blood circulation and stimulate metabolism at the expense of "burning" fat stores.
But of course, no physical efforts will not lead to success, if the power will remain unbalanced. It is necessary to drastically reduce the amount of fatty foods. To reduce, but not to refuse at all from fats, moving to a solely low-fat products. Need are also less likely to indulge yourself with sweets. And in General – do not overeat!