Ghrelin and its antithesis
When the stomach is empty, ghrelin is produced in it. It causes the feeling of hunger. This is a very aggressive hormone – to pacify his new batch of food.
The more the volume of the stomach, the more ghrelin it produces and the more I want to eat. Therefore, it is important not to overeat, not to stretch your stomach. The best way to suppress ghrelin to drink in small SIPS a glass of water.
But the body has a wonderful "brake" leptin. It then increases, then decreases the appetite. When the stomach is full, this hormone gives the brain the command: to decrease appetite, speed up metabolism. However, with age, leptin becomes less, and its deficiency leads to weight gain.
Insulin and its antithesis
The creation of fat reserves leads insulin, the hormone of the pancreas. It not only slows the breakdown of fats received, but also contributes to processing of sugars into fats. The more sugars consume, the more insulin release. That's why binge consumption of sweets and carbohydrates, which are broken down into sugars, causes obesity.
But insulin has a counter hormone Amelin. It slows down the movement of food and reduces the absorption of sugars by the intestine. However, about 20 hours, the insulin level is so high that all high-calorie foods, eaten in that time, resupply and subcutaneous fat. Therefore, nutritionists do not advise eating late in the evening.
If a man has "tummy", depends primarily on testosterone production. A huge number of receptors of this hormone is concentrated in the region of the peritoneum. Therefore, when the testosterone too much fats are deposited in this place.
The female body in significant amounts requires estrogen and progesterone. Them together with the ovaries and the adrenal glands produces fatty tissue. Due to excess of these hormones form thick folds on the abdomen, thighs. But as you approach menopause the synthesis of estrogen and progesterone decreases, and this is also bad: the fat deposits are rising again.
The thyroid hormones
Violations in its work occur more often in women. When it is functioning normally, it produces the required quantities of thyroid hormones. They maintain a high metabolic rate, and maximum food eaten is converted into energy and not deposited as reserve stock.
But if these hormones is not enough, even the most severe restrictions of food don't save you from obesity. In hypothyroidism, which develops due to iodine deficiency, overweight is inevitable. Unfortunately, iodine is not in the water or in the soil in many parts of the country.
How to regulate hormone levels
Physical activity, exercise is the best help to rectify the hormonal imbalances. Such loads increase blood circulation and stimulate metabolism at the expense of "burning" fat stores.
But of course, no physical efforts will not lead to success, if the power will remain unbalanced. It is necessary to drastically reduce the amount of fatty foods. To reduce, but not to refuse at all from fats, moving to a solely low-fat products. Need are also less likely to indulge yourself with sweets. And in General – do not overeat!
Advice 2 : Obesity and hormones
The excess of insulin, prolactin, cortisol, as well as lack of thyroid and sex hormones can increase the body weight. Long-term, the imbalance of hormones increases the chance of obesity.
Excess hormones and obesity
High insulin concentration in the blood observed in the metabolic syndrome. In this case, patients may be concerned about fatigue after meals, increased appetite, craving for sweets, thirst. To establish a violation of hormonal background, you need to be tested for blood sugar and insulin.
Increased secretion of prolactin is usually observed in women. Apart from obesity patients can disturb the menstrual cycle. For examination it is necessary to take a blood test for prolactin and to visit the gynecologist.
Obesity is associated with a high concentration of cortisol, characterized by stretch marks on the skin of the body, high blood pressure, weakness in the arms and legs. For accurate diagnosis it is necessary to investigate the diurnal rhythm of cortisol.
The lack of hormones and obesity
Hypothyroidism develops due to low production of thyroid hormones. This disease is manifested by weight gain, slow pulse, drowsiness, memory loss. To identify the broken hormonal background it is necessary to take on an empty stomach thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4).
The lack of sex hormones leads to obesity in men and women. Low concentration of testosterone and estrogen triggers excess fat deposition in any age. Most often, the lack of sex hormones occurs in women after menopause. In this case, the patient with a standard diet adds more than 5 kg per year. Replacement therapy sex hormone is selected gynecologist for women and services for men.