Healthy female breast is not a uniform to the touch, inside it there are about 20 pieces composed of glandular tissue and fat. These fabrics are felt first and foremost when examining fingers. Healthy Breasts felt up to the edges. On the way do not have to meet rigid education and tubercles. Breast tenderness can occur in most women before and during menstruation. This is due to hormonal changes and is not a pathology. At the same time, healthy Breasts may slightly increase in size. Caution should cause severe constant chest pain.
The breast skin should not peel off and peel. Outwardly on the chest there should be no sudden creases, bumps, pimples and seals. Leather nipple must be soft and smooth. In some women, nipples are a little embroiled inside. It is not a pathology. The color of the areola should be even and not change from the nipple there should be no discharge. Axillary lymph nodes may be palpable but should not change the shape and consistency.
The mammary glands are very rarely the same size. A small asymmetry is observed since the growth of the breast is a normal phenomenon. Normal is the existence of noticeable stretch marks, caused by intensive growth, sudden weight loss or weight gain. On the structure of the breast is affected by pregnancy, lactation, oral contraceptives, menopause. You should know the features of their Breasts to spot her negative changes. With this purpose, once a month should be carried out self-examination.
Caution should cause a discharge from one or both nipples, the appearance of wrinkles and pits on the skin, the increase in axillary Limonov not passing pain in any part of breast or armpit, a sharp change in size of one breast, change in color of the nipples and the skin around them. All these changes should alert a woman and a require referral to a specialist.
To preserve breast health, follow a few simple rules: take care of mammary glands from injury, pick the right bra, do not sunbathe without the upper part swimsuit, eat right, give up bad habits, consume extra vitamins A and E, follow the body weight and health. Visit breast physician or gynecologist once a year.
Advice 2 : How to diagnose breast cancer
Cancer breast cancer according to data provided by the world Health Organization, is the leading cancer among women. It is often diagnosed at late stages when treatment becomes ineffective. To detect this terrible disease early in its development, it is necessary to do regular self-examination and the appearance of the slightest suspicion, immediately contact mammologu.
You will need
- - samotyochnaya;
- - Breast ultrasound;
- - mammography;
- consultation with a mammologist.
Do a breast exam every month, preferably on the same day. Women who have not had menopause, should choose any of the seven days after menstruation. If menopause occurred, that is selected for survey.
Start with inspection of the skin of the chest, standing in front of a mirror. First, stand with hands down, then raise them. Pay attention to features such as: bulging or, conversely, retraction of the skin; change in the contours of the areola of the nipple, its retraction; the appearance of scabs on the skin around the nipples, peeling; changing the size and shape of one breast; nipple discharge.
Put your left hand in your right armpit. Then raise your right hand and start slowly to lower it. Try to find the axillary lymph nodes with the fingertips of his left hand. Repeat this same action on the left side.
Palpate region, located above and below the clavicles (there are supra-and infraclavicular lymph nodes). In them there is an outflow of lymph, originating from the mammary glands. When the cancer disease malignant cells together with the lymph into the lymph nodes, causing their enlargement.
To determine the presence of precipitates, gently pinch your fingers between the nipple areola.
Lie on your back. Under the right shoulder blade put a small pillow. Right arm lay behind his head. The palm of the left hand touch the right breast, seizing it with the fingers or palm, but only pressed against the skin of the breast. From the nipple move up and outward, then outward and downward. After examining the outer part, go to the internal: in the same way, from the nipple downwards and upwards.
Right hand pull to the side and again touch the breast approximately in the same order. Next, pull the arm along the trunk, repeat the examination. Proceed to the left breast.
At the age of 40 every two years to do a breast ultrasound. After 40 years, every year going through a mammogram. This method can diagnose tumors based on the contrast image of the ducts of the breast.
If you suffer from mastopathy, that is in your Breasts are benign neoplasms, pass the examination by a mammologist for every six months.