"Baralgin" in vials prescribed for the emergency relief of pain and spasm of the stomach, intestines, for example, ulcers. It is used for spasms of the bile ducts, acute pancreatitis, renal colic, pain accompanying some forms of menstrual irregularities. "Baralgin", introduced intravenously or intramuscularly, is well relaxes the smooth muscles of organs, blood vessels and relieves pain. The drug begins showing its effect after a few minutes. The solution for injection is available in ampoules with a volume of 5 ml. each of them is of pitofenone hydrochloride (10 mg), dipyrone (2.5 g) and fenpiverinia bromide (100 micrograms). Pain shows an analgesic effect, and antispasmodics fenpiverinia bromide and pitofenone hydrochloride relaxes the muscles, enhancing the effect of dipyrone.
"Baralgin" cannot inject hypersensitive to components of medication, changes in blood pressure, hypotension, severe diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, liver. The remedy is contraindicated in children under 3 months, lactating women and women in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy. Prior to injection, the drug vial must hold in hand to warm. It is not possible to enter "Baralgin", as in this case, perhaps the sudden loss of pressure, the person may lose consciousness. Adults and children older than 15 years with severe acute colic a drug is administered intravenously in an amount of 2 ml. the Drug should be administered slowly at a speed of not more than 1 ml / min. During the procedure, the patient should be in supine position. If necessary, after 6-8h. repeat injection. Intramuscular "Baralgin" prick in an amount of from 2 to 5 ml of 2-3P/s, but not more than 10 ml per day. The course of treatment is 5 days.
Dosage "Baralgin" for children for intramuscular or intravenous administration, calculated depending on the weight. The child, having a weight from 5 to 8kg inject the drug 0.1-0.2 ml (by intramuscular injection exclusively), child weight 9-15kg using 0.1-0.2 ml (I. V.) or 0.2-0.3 ml (intramuscular). When the child's weight from 16 kg to 23 kg administered intravenously of 0.2-0.3 ml intramuscular injection of 0.3-0.4 ml, weight of 24 kg up to 30 kg are administered a 0.3-0.4 ml (intravenous) or 0.4-0.5 ml (intramuscular), the weight from 31kg to 45kg injected intravenously in 0.5-0.6 ml, and injected intramuscular injection of 0.6-0.7 ml. of Children aged from 12 years to 15 years is prescribed at 0.8-1 ml "Baralgin" intramuscularly, intravenously.
Advice 2: Where to inject intramuscularly
Often doctors prescribe patients the medication intramuscularly, even if they don't go to the hospital. It is rare to find neighbor-a nurse who agrees to set shots, while private services are costly, especially a visit to the house. It is therefore useful to be able to put the intramuscular injections as other people, and myself.
You will need
- - the vial of medication;
- a syringe of the appropriate volume;
- - cotton pads or balls;
- - alcohol for injection.
Open the vial. If it is marked by a white dot, just click on it, the pad of the thumb and slight movement to break off the tip. If the point is not - would first have to cut the glass with a scarifier, which manufacturers put on the package of vials. If he lost - will help ordinary nail file. Thereafter, in the same movement gently break off top of ampoule.
Open the package of the syringe. Put the needle on the syringe and carefully, without touching the metal with your fingers, not remove the protective cap. Pull the plunger of the syringe to let some air in, and then dial in his medication from the vials.
Turn the syringe needle up and tap it with your finger to let the air bubbles are gathered into one large surface. Push down on the piston, pushing air through the needle. With a small amount of medication will spill out of the needle.
Determine the injection site. If you put a shot to another person, mentally divide the buttock into four equal shares. To enter, the needle should be in the upper outer part. If you put the shot itself - the injection site is the upper third of the outer side of the thigh.
Wipe the injection site with alcohol. Sharp and confident movement insert the needle into the muscle (to do this, it is necessary to relax). Optimal depth of insertion - if from the base of the needle to the skin about 1 cm and full introduction is not scary.
Slowly push the plunger of the syringe to begin the infusion of medication. The longer and ravnomernoe it goes into the muscle more easily absorbed. So, the patient experiences less pain and avoid the risk of lumps at the injection site.
When fully administered the drug, take an alcohol-moistened cotton wool and apply to the puncture site. Short movement, remove the needle from the muscle and massage the skin with a cotton swab. If you start to form a lump - apply iodine mesh or tie for a few hours of pure cabbage leaf.
Be sure to use only disposable syringes. If the shot touched the needle with your hands or dropped on the floor - replace it with a new sterile.
Change the injection site if you need to undergo treatment. One day put in the right buttock (thigh), the other to the left.