To know how does ringworm in dogs is important because this disease is dangerous not only for the animals that live with an infected dog, but also for people.
Ringworm is an infectious inflammatory disease. It manifests itself in pigmentation of the skin and a strong itch. The incubation period when symptoms are not yet visible, can last from 5 to 20 days.
The causative agent of this contagious disease are microscopic fungi, the spores which fall to the dry skin dogs and bracteosa it. Within the dermis spores multiply rapidly and the body of the animal to this process is inflammation.
Microsporia caused by a fungus of the species Microstropium canis, and characterized by such symptoms as:
dry fur of the dog, which begins to fall off;
- the appearance of hairless areas of the skin;
- white patches at the base of the hair;
red inflamed skin on bare plots, which peels off;
- itching of the affected areas.
Trichophytosis slightly different symptoms, but is also a kind of lichen. It is caused by a fungus Trichophyton mentagroghytes. Its symptoms:
the fur falls out in places;
- hairless areas of skin turn red over time;
- the affected area covered with brown, scaly crust;
- these sites increase in size and often merge into one;
- the dog is constantly itching.
Denying the boundaries clearly defined. Affected always only the part of skin where no hair. Ringworm most often affects the head and neck of the dog, then it goes to the base of the tail and limbs. Sometimes advanced forms of lichen can be found on the belly and on the nose.
Jock itch is more exposed to small and old animals, animals with weakened immune systems. If your dog spends a lot of time alone on the streets, it also falls into the risk group.
How to treat ringworm
For the successful treatment of lichen primarily limit the contact of the dog with people and other animals. A veterinarian examined the dog, just prescribe the right treatment. Most often the treatment of lichen takes place in several steps.
First, the doctor will prescribe an antifungal vaccine , and then anti-microbial agents (ointments and sprays). It is important every day treating wounds with antiseptic. After ointments the physician may prescribe additional immunomodulators to restore the immune system of the dog.
Wet cleaning should be daily to fungal spores infect the dog again. Disinfect lounger dog bowl, toys; wash your carpet and all the places where the dog likes to lie. Wash your hands every time you touch an infectious dog.
For the prevention of denying there is a special vaccine that will periodically need to do. But many owners do not want to vaccinate your dog from this disease. They hope that the infection will pass their pet party. Of course, now the ringworm quickly and easily treated, but it's nice to prevent a disease than to treat.
Ringworm-infected dogs may not appear, but the dog then becomes a carrier. The dog as a carrier of the disease will infect all weakened animals. She can get sick if the body is also weakened.