Advice 1: Is it possible to take a blood test and urine before menstruation

People from small to large periodically pass a blood and urine. This is useful during periodic medical examinations, medical examination when applying for a job, in the event of illness, during pregnancy or when planning.
Before menstruation sdate tests is not necessary.
The female body is governed by laws, many of which are regulated by the menstrual cycle. This is due to the fact that in certain phases of the menstrual cycle are produced by the different sex hormones that influence mood, overall health and condition of internal organs and some of the indicators of laboratory tests.

But there are times when tests should and day cycle isn't the best.

If you can pass urine before menstruation



Urinalysis is one of the most informative laboratory tests, the results of which can judge the kidney function.
To make the analysis as accurate as possible, you need to follow certain rules in the selection of the sample:
— a reservoir for urine it is better to use the pharmacy, this is especially important if the laboratory will be used to produce cultures for sterility; in this case, a sterile container for analysis, to a sample of discarded microorganisms, for example, from non-sterile cover;
— before the procedure be sure to carry out a toilet of genitals, but it should be done without the use of antibiotics, so as not to distort the picture analysis;
— to avoid getting slime, you have to enter the vagina with a cotton swab;
— on the analysis shown in the middle portion of first morning urine; this is due to the fact that morning urine is more concentrated.

The observance of these rules allows to obtain the most accurate result.

Obviously, to take the test during menstruation is not because the excessive number of red blood cells will completely distort the picture analysis. It is also not recommended to take the test before menstruation. The fact that the changes in the uterus begin not on the day of menstruation and a few days earlier. Because of this, urine can enter and "foreign" red blood cells, and epithelial cells from the inner walls of the uterus. Even the use of a tampon will not prevent this. Therefore to pass a urine test better after a month.

Is it possible to pass before menstruation blood



There are many different types of blood. The most common General. Using the General analysis of blood can determine the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, leukocytes, to evaluate the status of blood coagulation.

Before taking the blood should:
— do not eat for at least 8 hours;
— do not eat anything oily and spicy, not to drink alcohol at least the day before analysis;
— for the day to avoid heavy physical exertion, and on the day of blood donation even charging skip;
— categorically it is impossible to take a blood test during menstruation.

Why not donate blood during menstruation, in principle, clear: the blood loss, even planned, will affect the analysis of the decrease in the number of erythrocytes, lower hemoglobin level and indicators of the blood coagulation system.
This rule does not apply to blood test for hormones. Definition of certain hormones need to hold exactly to the phase of the cycle, which will show a doctor.


But before menstruation the blood test to pass is also not recommended. The fact that premenstrual syndrome is not just a bad mood, irritability and restless sleep and a decrease in immunity. On General health that may impact a woman may not get sick. But on the indices of complete blood count is affected by: the level of leukocytes is increased, and red blood cells, ready for future changes in the hormonal background, set faster. These two indicators give a picture of the inflammatory process in the body and can mislead the physician.

To pass the overall clinical analysis of blood and urine is necessary at least once a year. Follow the simple rules of preparation to the analyses and their results will always be as accurate as possible.

Advice 2: How to pass a urine test for sterility

Urine culture for sterility prescribed for suspected urinary tract infection. The analysis allows to identify the pathogen, and subsequently assess the effectiveness of therapy.
How to pass a urine test for sterility
Instruction
1
Sowing sterility may be appointed after receiving bad results of the General analysis of urine. The urinary tract infection may indicate bacteriuria and pyuria (bacteria and leukocytes in the sample). In addition, the analysis is conducted by lumbar pains, periods of rapid and painful urinating, and also after treatment of urinary infection.
2
Take only the first morning urine. It is more concentrated, so the result of the study is reliable. Collection analysis should be preceded by a 4-hour rest. At this time, do not eat, drink or go to the toilet.
3
Sterilize the containers you will use to collect urine. Better if it is a glass jar with a wide neck. Not less convenient and disposable plastic containers, which are available in most pharmacies. During their use, no further manipulation is required.
4
The result of the analysis was accurate, requires not only the sterility of the packaging, but the cleanliness of the genital organs. If the sample gets bacteria of sebaceous glands, you will get unreliable result. It will serve as a basis for treatment, which in your case would be completely unnecessary. To avoid this, rinse with warm running water or boiled genitals, rinse thoroughly in skin folds. Do not use soap, it can also affect the result.
5
Collect the middle portion of urine. For this first portion of urine drain into the toilet, then replace the container and continue urinating. Latest jet also needs to be directed into the toilet.
6
Tightly close the container with the urine and for two hours take him to the lab. The sample is not subject to long-term storage, as this can distort the result.

Advice 3: A lot of red blood cells in the urine: why?

Red blood cells represent the red blood cells, necessary for transferring oxygen and other nutrients. Increased quantity in the study of the urine indicates problems in the urinary system.
A lot of red blood cells in the urine: why?



Usually, a normal amount is considered to be 0-2 units in the field of view. Slight or significant increase should be a cause for concern and immediate referral to a specialist.
The main reasons for the increased normal increased: kidney disease (e.g., pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis), kidney stone disease, inflammatory processes in the bladder and urethra (cystitis, urethritis). In kidney disease is often appear lower back pain, and can increase the body temperature. Stones cause periodic bouts of acute colic. Inflammation of the bladder can cause pain in the inguinal region, worse during urination. In the urine it is possible to notice the presence of the admixture of blood. Much less red blood cells are increased in tumors of kidney and prostate disease.
Perhaps before passing a urine test you have taken any drugs. Some of them can also lead to increased level of white blood cells.
The diagnosis affects the structure of the blood cells. Changed cells do not contain hemoglobin and unmodified erythrocytes contain it.
It should be remembered that the absence of erythrocytes in the second and subsequent portions is evidence of mechanical damage of the urethra (for example, minor trauma or crack). A more accurate origin of blood cells may be determined only by careful examination with the microscope. High red blood cell count in the third portion is an indication that the violations are in the bladder.


Advice 4: Why during menstruation cannot donate blood

Not always your good intentions may be enough to donate blood is truly and correctly for the benefit of all. Want to donate? Something needs to be taken into account.
Why during menstruation cannot donate blood

A little donation



No doubt, donating blood, you are doing a noble deed, but if you clearly understand what is required of you? It is no secret that before taking blood from a donor taking certain tests and with the slightest lack of conformity, the donor is sent home. Why is this being done? The fact is that even if you feel great in the blood may be high or low blood sugar, hemoglobin or erythrocytes that patients who your blood will be transfused, is quite undesirable. Sometimes it happens that the performance of the blood donor can cull, but the cause will be in concern about his health – indeed, under some conditions the loss of blood could become critical and cause the donor's health irreparable harm.

Large blood loss



During menstruation a woman's body loses blood, respectively, hemoglobin. You can feel, but even so, the blood loss will give a decrease level of hemoglobin and, consequently, deterioration of the General indicators of blood composition. If you add to this the dose given at the point of reception of blood, the hemoglobin will drop even lower, which will lead to a deterioration of health, weakness and other undesirable consequences. By the way, it is important to remember that a strong decrease of hemoglobin may cause increased menstrual bleeding.

Moreover, you should not even think of going to the point of blood donation to those girls who are menstruating and without that feeling or this condition is accompanied by pain and spasms. Doctors recommend to wait until the critical days to go to donate blood no earlier than 5 days after that. During this period, the hemoglobin level in the female body returns to normal and the additional blood loss will not have such a catastrophic effect.

Menstruation and analyses



Now about donating blood for more prosaic purposes – for tests. General blood analysis and biochemical tests during menstruation can pass, but can be a bit unreliable. So, for example, in the biochemical analysis of the level of coagulation will be much lower than usual. Therefore, if the case is not urgent and you can wait 1-2 weeks, it is better not to hurry. If you are preparing for surgery or the doctor insists on immediate diagnosis, be sure to tell him that you have menstruation, so it can take this into account when analysing the results.

Advice 5: Why pass morning urine

Tests the person throughout their life, they have to pass many times. This is required not only on ill people but on healthy enough. The results of the analyses may be needed for recruiting, hiring, and so on.
Why pass morning urine
Not every clinic offers ideal conditions for visitors. Patients who have come for direction to the analysis must give recommendations of how it should be prepared to study. But in practice not always so.

Causes of nezainteresovani patients may be different, but the reality is that most of those who pass the tests in this plan is almost completely illiterate. For example, not everyone knows about how you should prepare for the urine collection to the date of the study.

How to pass a urine analysis



To obtain reliable research results, it is necessary to collect material. If you do not observe the rules of preparation of the test material, in the best case this leads to the need to re-do the analysis in the worst – the diagnosis is wrong and the treatment will be incorrectly assigned. The consequences of incorrect diagnosis will be quite heavy.

To pass urinalysis, better to use the so-called "morning" urine, i.e. one that is collected in the bladder during the night. You should first conduct a thorough washing of the external genitalia is necessary to wash towards the anus and not the opposite. You must then wipe dry with a clean linen cloth. Urine must be collected in clean, dried glassware – the use of ducks and pots will not work, because there can be stored substances, which would distort the correct picture analysis.

You should not use the first portion of urine is to raise the average, while in this case the flask to the body. After collecting the dishes with urine it is necessary to tightly close the lid.

Why is it necessary to take it morning urine



For analysis enough one hundred milliliters of urine should not be in the lab a quart jar to make a simple General analysis. Morning urine is such that the night was in the bladder or at least the last urination was at least six hours ago. Natural daily fluctuations of the characteristics of such urine is significantly reduced and thus, the examined parameters can be characterized more objectively than the material collected at a different time of day.

The irregularity of the urine can contribute to the fact that it will be found a large number of erythrocytes and leukocytes. So it will be difficult to diagnosis, so it is better to do things right than to result in confusion of physicians results of laboratory tests.

Advice 6: Why monthly with mucus

Women always notice a different selection, which, for the most part, are normal until the age of 45. However, with the appearance of mucus in the menstrual period, many begin to suspect yourself of certain pathological deviations associated with the female reproductive system.
Why monthly with mucus

All about mucus from the vagina



Mucus is always associated with the neck of the uterus – namely, endocervical located in the cervical canal and is covered with epithelium from the cervical glands. These glands are mucus producing, which in different periods of the menstrual cycle is either liquid or stretchy and thick consistency. The nature of these secretions is directly related to the hormonal background of the female body, and their main purpose is to facilitate ingress of sperm into the uterus from the vagina.

Mucous discharge from the cervical canal also protects the uterine cavity from the ingress of various infections.

The presence of mucus in menstruation usually occurs at the end of the menstrual cycle, when she gets out of the channel, freeing the path of menstrual blood. For this reason, a small amount of clear mucous discharge in menstruation is considered normal, however, there are certain nuances. The mucus is brown, that appears instead of menstruation, may indicate the presence of endometriosis, the inflammatory process in the uterus or hormonal failure. Quite often the presence of mucosal secretions before the arrival of the expected menses is a sign of pregnancy. In addition, mucus from the vagina can also talk about the ectopic location of the ovum or threatened abortion.

Diseases of the cervix



The appearance of abundant mucous secretions before menstruation or in the process often associated with cervical disease. So, if you have white streaks in the mucus or its white color possible inflammation of the cervical canal or erosion. The cause of such discharge is increased production of cervical mucus glands, so when they appear it is advisable to contact your gynecologist and take appropriate swabs.

Special attention to their health should be given, if mucus in menses accompanied by fever and pain in the abdomen.

It is also important to be able to focus on other signs of unhealthy mucous secretions in menstrual blood. Typically, the discharge of the natural mucus does not cause the woman any discomfort, whereas in the presence of itching, burning, tingling and painful sensations should be suspected in the development of certain pathological process in the female reproductive system. A very important indicator of deviation from the norm is bad smell mucous or menstrual fluid, as well as their custom color (greenish, pinkish, brown and so on).

Advice 7: What is the blood test for sterility and how to pass it

To monitor the condition necessary every few months I have to take a blood test. This is a normal General blood test. But there are situations, when assigned such type of laboratory analysis of blood for sterility. And it has need special training.
What is the blood test for sterility and how to pass it
The presence of bacteremia is determined only a special blood test for sterility. Bacteremia is an indication that the body is developing quite a serious ailment that must be treated. This analysis assigns relatively rare, usually before surgery or therapeutic treatment. It is necessary in order to determine the level of bacteria in the blood. After the treatment the analysis is repeated to determine the effectiveness of the treatment. It happens that during therapy a blood test for sterility is carried out 3-5 times. Do not be afraid, if you prescribe to repeat the analysis several times. It is only necessary to determine the dynamics of the ratio in the blood of certain bacteria.

When to take and how to prepare



To donate blood for sterility is usually prescribed on the day of admission to hospital, or if the initial therapy does not give desired result. Immediately after receiving the result of the prescribed treatment, as only fresh indicators of the characteristics of blood can provide adequate disease treatment. In the analysis looking for such microorganisms as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, yeast, Escherichia coli and enterobacteria. And for some types of bacteria analyses must be undertaken several times in a row. He also shows sensitivity to drugs, which are classified as antibiotics. From the vein is taken up to 10 ml of blood is nothing new in the procedure no. A couple of days not to drink alcohol and eat unhealthy, fat and unhealthy food, to not smoke at least a couple hours before blood sampling.

Interpretation of result



The result in the laboratory will be known quickly enough. However, to determine what they say the results can only your doctor. At identical parameters result in different people may vary drastically. Do not attempt to search the Internet for your diagnosis on the obtained numbers. Various medications and your chronic illness may reject the result of this sowing. Yes, and a certain amount of certain bacteria in the blood may be normal for your body. But it can only identify the doctor who guides you throughout the disease and knows the characteristics of the applied therapy and the individual properties of your blood.
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