What to do when a nail puncture
First thing you need to look at the wound, carefully wash it with soap and water and disinfected. Next on the damaged area apply dressing to prevent leakage of dirt. In that case, if the foot began to swell, increased body temperature, you should see a doctor. At strong deterioration of surgical intervention will not be avoided.
The risk of tetanus with a puncture of a nail
In case you stepped on a rusty nail and had a deep wound, in addition to her treatment with antiseptic and applying bandages, you need to spend some more manipulation, because the surface of the nail could be the spores of tetanus. In cases where people have not been vaccinated against tetanus, fourth of the total number of infections are fatal.
Infection with tetanus is dangerous because in the most serious cases, the toxins along with the blood in less than a week have time to enter the Central nervous system and damage nerve-muscle synapses. As a result, infected with human tetanus convulsions, changes in the structure of muscle and bone-joint tissues. Moreover, the impaired activity of the cardiovascular system. Because of muscle paralysis or lack of air, caused by a spasm of the upper airway may lead to death.
People infected with tetanus, had to be treated for three months in the hospital. They then for the past two years have seen a neurologist. All this time the patient may experience the effects of the disease such as spinal deformity, limited joint mobility, permanent muscle weakness.
Using the correct puncture the leg with a nail
The wound is thoroughly washed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then a place near the puncture treated with brilliant green or iodine. Further the leg sterile bandage. In the near future it is necessary to go on reception to the surgeon. In addition, if the victim has not been vaccinated against tetanus or after a vaccination has been more than 10 years, he needs an injection of tetanus toxoid. If paranensis vaccinated, then it will be enough to make a foot bath with addition of sea salt for a more rapid scab formation. In cases of suppuration, the doctor will prescribe anti-bacterial ointments and antibiotics.