Advice 1: Who are bachelor, specialist and master

In the modern system of higher education, a division of graduates of higher educational institutions on the specialists, masters and bachelors. The student can decide what he wants to be.
Who are bachelor, specialist and master

Differences in duration of training

Currently, in the conventional system of Russian higher education there is a division of graduates bachelors, specialists and masters. It turns out that between the three academic ranks, there is a significant difference. It is primarily in the duration of training.

It is considered that students learn in exactly 5 years. This is true for graduates and professionals. For bachelors study duration is 4 years old. The master's degree must study in higher education for 6 years.

Not for each specialty there is a choice of duration of training and, consequently, the academic title. To find out which method of learning you choose to are interested in majoring in selected University, you need to contact the Dean's office. There you can find out for yourself all the questions.

For admission to the school the student is not obliged immediately to determine the duration of the study and its focus. Finally make the decision will need to be at the end of the 4th year. It was at this time the student can either graduate with a bachelor's degree or to continue studying at the University. If the student wants to learn to be a specialist, he will study 1 more year. If he wants to become a master in my University he will have to stay another 2 years.

The quality and specificity of knowledge of bachelors, masters and specialists

Bachelor can not be considered a person who has received higher education. Most likely, the completion of a bachelor degree will be equated with incomplete higher education. Despite this, some students choose to obtain a bachelor's degree and to complete the training.

Specialist - people who have completed higher education. It can work on a specialty, but his knowledge is not enough for scientific work. The duration of training of the specialist less than the master, but the quality of knowledge not worse. Such graduates are more likely to work in production. The knowledge gained in graduate courses, will be useful for further work in the field of science. As a rule, graduates of the master then go to graduate school.

A master's degree will be useful when entering some foreign educational institutions. In accordance with the laws of several other States, only the end of magistracy is counted as higher education.

Advice 2 : What is master and why you need it

"Live and learn" - says the proverb. Not everyone knows that the master appeared in Russia back in 1803, and was introduced as nothing less than a decree of the Emperor. It is the people with this honorary academic degree granted the right to head scientific departments. Modern Russia can boast little experience of the magistrate.
What is master and why you need it
Master, as such, was approved in domestic universities is not more than 10 years ago and first of all paid tribute to the modern scientific fashion. Unlike the common Soviet high school with a specialty in Europe since tsarist times, has remained the tradition of the two-stage education, which focused the students on a science activity or productive labor.


Master's degree - the highest level of free education after the baccalaureate adopted in Russia two-stage system of higher education . It is intended for those who do not see their future without the constant scientific development, is not itself outside of the main flow of information and modern scientific works. Training on obtaining the title of "master" only lasts 2 years vs 4 years taken to acquire the title "bachelor". Selection of applicants is carried out only on competitive basis after passing special examinations and provided excellent and good ratings.
All curriculum students applying for the master's degree, are developed individually and approved personally by the Dean of the faculty.

Upon graduation the student is required to take your scientific work, which will be the finale of his training as a specialist of a certain, often narrow qualifications - master's thesis.

Successful students study for free, receive a stipend, are entitled to reside in the hostel.

Value of graduate degree

The result of two intense years of work will be a diploma of specialized education and desirable qualifications. Throughout the period of training the future masters gain the ability to:
- more in-depth study of a selected subject,
- conducting research on matters of interest,
- purchasing additional points, which will be considered for admission to the graduate school.

Masters honors sometimes even manage to acquire some experience teachers.

After completion of the master's student must make difficult life choices associated with future scientific activity: will it be a way towards further exploration of the selected subject, postgraduate studies and, as a consequence, teaching activity, or a direct route into the profession.

Master's degree is designed to prepare serious professionals to work, you need a strong analytical or production companies operating in Russia and abroad, and is usually a kind of a through ticket on a leading position in the staffing of large companies.

Advice 3 : What is the bachelor

The bachelor degree is the first level of professional higher education. Training on the bachelor degree lasts 4 years and a bachelor's degree gives graduates the full right to professional activity in the selected region.
What is the bachelor
In 2011 higher education in the Russian Federation was restructured in accordance with international standards. If earlier the only possible form of education was specialist, and taught students for five years, now higher professional education in Russia is split level. The first level that passes any student admitted to the UNIVERSITY is the bachelor.

Than the bachelor differs from the specialist?

The key difference between this form of training is its duration. To obtain a bachelor's degree a student must study full-time form of education for four years. At the end of training the diploma of the appropriate degree and qualifications, then the student has the right to act in a magistracy and to continue education at the second level, improve their professional qualification. The period of training in the magistracy is two years.
For some majors, the Ministry of education of the Russian Federation retained the system of five year learning specialist status. In particular, the specialist has been retained for medical specialties in medical schools.

Despite the shortened time frame, the undergraduate along with specialist, a full-fledged higher education corresponding to international standards. Within the training of bachelors is also carried out specialized training. The student gets the opportunity to choose your specialisation in the fourth year, after which is an in-depth course of study of relevant disciplines. This allows you to narrow specialization and to improve their skills. Thus, the BSC receives knowledge in General, and in special professional fields. It helps him in his future work and contributes to successful employment after graduation with the bachelor diploma of the state sample.
The presence of a bachelor degree allows students to seek employment not only in the country but also abroad, which significantly extends the capabilities of graduates.

What is the diploma?

After completing his undergraduate student gets a bachelor's degree state sample, giving the full right to work in the chosen specialty. Further training at the master's degree is desirable but not mandatory. A bachelor's degree evidence of complete higher professional education, demonstrating the presence of General and fundamental training in the chosen specialty, and specialized training necessary for professional activities.

Advice 4 : Who is this bachelor

The bachelor – the first stage of higher education. The training program involves the obtaining of professional and scientific knowledge of a General character in all fields except medicine. This qualification is widely used internationally and are in demand by employers.
The bachelor is an academic degree. The term first appeared in the European educational system. Usually awarded to students after their exposure to programs relevant training course. Around the world it refers to different levels of education.

The conditions for obtaining a degree

In order to obtain a bachelor's degree, each applicant must study at the University for at least four years. In the future, being a bachelor you can apply for a master's degree.

This degree implies that the specialist has the relevant level of qualification training and has:

- basic skills in research activities;
- the ability to adapt to different types of intellectual work;
- wide competence in a particular profession;
- basic knowledge of the specialty.

Bachelors are in demand of skilled personnel and can easily switch to a narrow specialization. This gives the holders of such diplomas are a great advantage over some other experts. My education bachelor may continue his interest in a specialized Institution. However, increasingly, there are degree holders who prefer to gain experience in the company.

Bachelor degree in different countries of the world

The signatories of the Bologna process, Balkaria recognized higher education. In some States, is equivalent to a Junior degree level. But, for example, in France, it received all high school graduates. Japan requires that technicians received a course length of six years. This system is one of the most effective because it trains specialists of high class. In the Russian Federation this degree became widespread in the early 90-ies of the last century.

The standard of the bachelor in the US, Canada and Europe may be different, depending on the direction, from 4 to 6 years. After that, the graduate may take a position commensurate with higher education.

In Russia, the minimum period to obtain the rank – 4 years. Despite the fact that in Russia a bachelor's degree is a part of higher vocational education, it gives the right to occupy the post envisaged for University graduates.

There are several types of bachelors: of arts, Sciences, applied Sciences, Economics. Each of them involves the study of the chosen direction with the further implementation of the acquired skills in their professional activities.

Advice 5 : From specialist to bachelor: what's the difference

Until recently, higher educational institutions of the Russian Federation, let alone graduates. The concept of "bachelor" was distant and alien to Russian students. However, in recent years, with the aim to meet international standards, Russian universities are switching to two-tier education system. Now, in addition to professionals within them actively preparing the "bachelors" and "masters".
From specialist to bachelor: what's the difference
When full-time education for a bachelor, usually relegated to 4 years, and to train a specialist – at least 5 years. What is the difference between the specialist and the bachelor?

BA: the origin of the term

The concept of "bachelor" appeared in medieval Europe and was designated a knight, did not have their own banner. Later became known as students in medieval universities. To date, the bachelor is the first academic degree earned by the graduate student.

The first and second courses, the curriculum specialist and the bachelor are exactly the same. It includes mainly General education. Starting from the third year, training is conducted in accordance with the profile of the chosen specialty, and the bachelor of teaching subjects relevant to the wider profile. Thus, BA is more flexible in the future gives graduates the opportunity, if desired or necessary, to make a career change. At the same time has very specific professional qualifications involving practical and applied orientation.

Opportunities received a bachelor and specialist

Upon graduation a specialist diploma that corresponds to the selected degree, and bachelor – diploma of General higher education. In the future, the bachelor can continue training in a magistracy, gaining a more in-depth training on the particular specialization. Specialist can also go to graduate school, but training in it is equivalent to obtaining the second higher education and may be carried out only on a paid basis.

The specialist can immediately after higher education to attend graduate school, while the bachelor can go to graduate school only after completion of the master's.

Bachelors often have problems with employment, as some employers are wary of their skills and prefer to hire specialists. At the same time, BA is international and is recognised abroad.

However, despite international recognition of a bachelor's degree, in Russia, the qualification of the doctor remains the more familiar, relevant and in demand in the labour market.

Advice 6 : How to get a bachelor's degree

Undergraduate — a complete basic higher education according to international standards. Those students who receive education at undergraduate, studying of special disciplines focused on the further practical work of the student.
Bachelor - complete higher education
You will need
  • - the results of EGE on Russian language, mathematics;
  • the results of the Olympic games;
  • - successful passing of examinations and tests, final exams;
  • - the thesis defense.
From 1 September 2011, the Russian Federation launched the last stage of joining the Bologna process, according to which the universities adopted a two-tier system of education and have stopped recruiting for a program specialist, and approved 4-year baccalaureate education and the subsequent 2-year master's degree. The bachelor and master's degrees are considered research degrees and specialist professional qualifications.
The positive side of the bachelor is that the diploma can be obtained much faster. In addition, those young people who are going to seek employment abroad, to place is much easier, because European employers consider a bachelor as a human who is able to cope well with their duties, and specialist as owning a profession.
In order to enroll in the training program of a bachelor degree, you need to write the exam in Russian language and mathematics and subject of choice, then bring the results to the admissions office of the chosen educational institution. Also universities accept the results of the Olympic games for the winners.
In the next step you need to decide on a specialty that interests you, and learning. There are following forms of education: full-time, part-time, correspondence, distance.
Classroom training is a natural extension of school education with daily attendance. If you have no plans associated with the work, choose the hospital.
Distance learning, which combines the features of self-study and classroom study, for those who combine study and work. Keep in mind that if you are enrolled in the correspondence, you have to learn for 1 year longer.
Part-time (evening) form is that a student combining work and study, works all day and attends classes in shifts, in the evening. If you decide to opt for this form, you should know that this training is for independent and responsible people, who can face difficulties and lack of time.
Also, consider receiving an education using distance technologies when the interaction of the teacher and students occurs at a distance using Internet technologies.
If you do not have enough exam scores for admission on a budget, do not worry: you can get education on a commercial basis with reimbursement of training costs.
After 4 years of training for which you will need to pass exams and tests, write term papers, to defend a thesis and pass the final exam, you will be able to get the coveted bachelor's degree.
Useful advice
In Europe and the United States the bachelor's degree most people get and never come back to the universities because master's degree is necessary for those who are going to make a serious career or wants to do science.
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