Causes of pancreatitis
The main causes of inflammation of the pancreas – gallbladder disease and alcohol consumption. Also pancreatitis can develop as a result of diseases of the stomach, duodenum, tumor, trauma, parasitic infestation, ingestion of certain drugs.
Acute pancreatitis, in most cases, it starts after consuming excessive amounts of alcohol or as a complication of mumps. Chronic pancreatitis is a consequence of regular overeating, abuse of fatty foods, gall bladder disease, autoimmune diseases. Reactive pancreatitis begins on the background of acute diseases of the organs of the digestive system.
Symptoms of pancreatitis
The characteristic symptom of acute pancreatitis is strong girdle pain, often in the left side. It can be felt as heart or kidney and is enhanced in the supine position. Taking any of antispasmodics and analgesics are ineffective. Differentiating symptom is increased pain after eating. Can disturb digestive disorders - vomiting, nausea, bloating, diarrhea, oily semi-liquid feces, hiccup. Sometimes there are hemorrhages in the skin, often in the umbilical region, yellowness of sclera and skin. In some cases the body temperature rises.
All these symptoms can be chronic and reactive pancreatitis. In the case of chronic disease is much less pronounced pain, but her character and the tendency to increase after taking food or alcohol left. Sometimes there are painless forms of pancreatitis, the digestive disorders are present. Any suspicion of pancreatitis should be checked for comprehensive diagnosis.
The treatment of pancreatitis
While the diagnosis is not made, it is advisable to self-medicate and do not take any medication. It is very important to establish the cause of pancreatitis. There are three main rules for the treatment of acute pancreatitis - cold, hunger and peace. The first three days after an acute attack required a complete rejection of food. Only water is allowed in unlimited quantities. After a starvation diet appointed n 5. For removing the swelling on the area of the pancreas put the bottle with ice. Bed rest is recommended to reduce the intensity of blood flow. For pain relief, using narcotic analgesics. Intravenous saline solutions, infusion of plasma, albumin.
In the future, when exacerbations prescribers metabolic actions lipotropics. Antibiotics are indicated in severe inflammation or abscess of the pancreas. When secretory insufficiency of the gland apply substitutive enzyme preparations, multivitamins. After removing the acute effects, for the prevention of exacerbation, recommended treatment in sanatoriums of the gastroenterological profile. Patients with chronic not shown to operate the impossibility to observe clear power mode.
Patients with chronic pancreatitis requires complete abstinence from alcohol, the restriction of marinades, canned foods, fatty and fried foods, strong broths. Recommended lean meats, poultry and fish, sour cream, cottage cheese, slimy oatmeal in the water, jelly and fruit drinks, broth hips. All products must be baked, cooked or steamed.
With the rapid development of the disease, severe chronic pain forms or the development of an abscess, surgical treatment of pancreatitis.
Advice 2: How to treat pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammation of the pancreas. Aktiviziruyutsya the pancreatic enzymes and then penetrate into the cells of the interstitial tissue of the gland, thereby improve the permeability of blood vessels, causing swelling of the body. Manifestations of acute pancreatitis of little comfort: acute pain in the epigastric region of the abdomen, most often are surrounding the character. In addition, the disease is often accompanied by vomiting, collapse, violation of the chair. As a rule, the development of chronic pancreatitis is directly related to a patient transferred earlier acute pancreatitis, but there are plenty of other concomitant causes: liver disease, thyroid disease, atherosclerosis, ulcerative colitis, hemochromatosis. Manifestations of acute and chronic diseases can be characterized as a mild pain and a very strong, up to shock conditions.
Of course, to treat pancreatitis should be solely in the outpatient setting and it is very important to complete all the necessary research, since it is possible, subject to timely treatment, to fully restore the state of the pancreas. The treatment process consists of the following: acute pancreatitis should be fasting for three days; when the pain make spazmolitiki; take drugs that lower acidity; it is important to follow a fractional power with a limited amount of animal fat; still need to take enzymes. In protracted chronic diseases or in advanced cases, may need surgical intervention. But remember that in addition to treatment of pancreatitis, you must find the cause of the disease and also to take measures for their elimination.
At the people's medicine there are also ways how to treat pancreatitis:
- Make carrot and potato juice, sauerkraut juice.
- To drink infusion of calendula, peppermint, corn ryltsev, field daisies and plantain (only with low acidity).
- Use alcohol tincture of barberry root.
- To make a decoction of the Golden mustache, to insist and drink about 50 ml (the dose you need to be careful, be individualized and carefully).
- The use of fresh decoction of oats (enumerated oats add water and 30-40 hours to throw the "empty" grain, other dry, grind and brew, boiling about 2 minutes).