Advice 1: How to collect urine for analysis of sterility

For the purposes of treatment for infections of the urinary tract, one must examine the urine at flora. However, there are cases of unreliable results because of improper collection of material.
How to collect urine for analysis of sterility
Instruction
1
Bacteriological analysis of urine allows in laboratory conditions to distinguish bacterial cultures and to study their properties. The indication for the study is the frequent and painful urination, pyuria and other symptoms indicating a urinary tract infection. In addition, analysis is required after a course of treatment. On the basis of its results assesses the effectiveness of therapy.
2
Prepare a container to collect the urine. As a rule, it is issued in the lab, which will conduct the study. In addition, sterile container for biomaterials can be purchased at the pharmacy.
3
Swipe hygienic procedures. Rinse the vulva with boiled water to avoid contact with urine, bacteria, sweat and sebaceous glands. Do not use soap and antiseptic solutions, it can lead to unreliable results.
4
Collect urine in a sterile container prepared. Women must pre-enter a cotton swab in the vagina to prevent spillage of secretions into the urine sample. Men need to see the opening of the urethra, pushing up a fold of skin. The first and last 15-20 ml of urine empty into the toilet, in sterile container collect only the middle portion.
5
Tightly seal the lid of the container and as soon as possible, take the material for study in the laboratory. The analysis carried out later than 2 hours after urine collection, of false. If delivery within the specified time impossible, keep the biomaterial in the refrigerator, but not more than 3-4 hours.
Note
The study is undesirable during menstruation and for 5-7 days after cystoscopy.

For analysis suitable only first morning urine.

Advice 2: How to pass a urine test for sterility

Urine culture for sterility prescribed for suspected urinary tract infection. The analysis allows to identify the pathogen, and subsequently assess the effectiveness of therapy.
How to pass a urine test for sterility
Instruction
1
Sowing sterility may be appointed after receiving bad results of the General analysis of urine. The urinary tract infection may indicate bacteriuria and pyuria (bacteria and leukocytes in the sample). In addition, the analysis is conducted by lumbar pains, periods of rapid and painful urinating, and also after treatment of urinary infection.
2
Take only the first morning urine. It is more concentrated, so the result of the study is reliable. Collection analysis should be preceded by a 4-hour rest. At this time, do not eat, drink or go to the toilet.
3
Sterilize the containers you will use to collect urine. Better if it is a glass jar with a wide neck. Not less convenient and disposable plastic containers, which are available in most pharmacies. During their use, no further manipulation is required.
4
The result of the analysis was accurate, requires not only the sterility of the packaging, but the cleanliness of the genital organs. If the sample gets bacteria of sebaceous glands, you will get unreliable result. It will serve as a basis for treatment, which in your case would be completely unnecessary. To avoid this, rinse with warm running water or boiled genitals, rinse thoroughly in skin folds. Do not use soap, it can also affect the result.
5
Collect the middle portion of urine. For this first portion of urine drain into the toilet, then replace the container and continue urinating. Latest jet also needs to be directed into the toilet.
6
Tightly close the container with the urine and for two hours take him to the lab. The sample is not subject to long-term storage, as this can distort the result.

Advice 3: How to collect urine for analysis

For diagnosis in most cases required some research. The most common are blood and urine. But if the accuracy of the results of the first analysis depends more on the professionalism of the laboratory and equipment setup, while in the second case, it is necessary also to collect material for research.
How to collect urine for analysis
You will need
  • Vata;
  • - a sterile container.
Instruction
1
Urinalysis is prescribed not only in cases of complaint, but as a preventive measure. Indeed, many of the disease, at first, occur hidden and do not cause problems. By the time the first symptoms the disease is often neglected, and because the duration of treatment increases several times. For this reason, hand over the General analysis of urine not less often than two times per year, and if indicated — with the frequency, which recommends to the doctor.
2
Before preparation for analysis began with a thorough cleaning of the container. The glass container had to be cleaned and sterilized with steam. Now in urgent need for this. In most pharmacies you can buy disposable plastic containers with tight-fitting lid, ready for use.
3
The most accurate is the analysis of the collected early in the morning after a long sleep. Eve better to refrain from fatty and spicy foods, and alcoholic beverages. Strenuous exercise should also be avoided because they contribute to the acceleration of metabolism, and this may affect the individual laboratory parameters.
4
Of paramount importance to genitals. Use warm boiled water. But the soap is completely useless. Impurities in the urine will make the analysis uninformative.
5
When collecting urine, it is important that nothing more was in a sterile container. That is why women should be introduced into the vagina a small cotton swab. This is especially important during menstruation.
6
Collect the middle portion of urine. The first and last stream needs to be flushed down the toilet. In the process of gathering analysis, do not interrupt urination. For research with a 20-30 ml urine.
7
Deliver the material to the laboratory within six hours. For longer storage, the accuracy of the result is not guaranteed. If the lab is far away from home, and the road will take more than two hours in advance and ask them to give you a preservative. However this service is only available in some private laboratories.

Advice 4: Seems like urine for culture

One of the most accurate surveys that allow with high probability to determine the presence of infection in the urinary system, to identify the causative agent and define its sensitivity to antibiotics – analysis of urine for culture. This procedure requires special preparation of the patient and medical staff.
Seems like urine for culture

Who should take this analysis



In a healthy body the urine is sterile and contains no bacteria and fungi. Under favorable circumstances they get into the urethra and cause inflammation of the bladder, ureters and kidneys. In such cases it is quite difficult to determine the localization of infection and identify the causative agent. To determine the cause of the disease, to understand which antibiotic is most effective and also to control the dynamics of treatment is assigned a urine sample for culture.

How to collect urine?



For this study is taken morning portion of urine. Before testing the patient should thoroughly wash the genitals with hygiene products, dry wipes. It is desirable to wash a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or a weak solution furatsilina.

Urine should be collected in sterile jar average urine stream: this will show the presence of the pathogen in the bladder, not the urethra. You need to avoid falling into a jar of foreign objects and not to touch its inner surface. The same applies to the lid of the container. The first and last urine stream must be directed into the toilet. More attention to preparation for delivery of the analysis should be given to women because of their physiology. This factor requires the observance of great care: to ensure sterility, you should try not to let it touch the stream of urine with the sexual organs.

Due to the fact that it can be difficult for some categories of patients and pregnant women in medical institutions can take the analysis by means of a catheter into the treatment room. In this case, the woman lies on the examination table, nurse handles her crotch disinfectants and extracts of urine samples by using a sterile catheter. It is very important that medical instruments have been properly processed, it is best to use a disposable catheter.

When you can't take a test



There are certain factors that may affect the correct result. Analysis would be useless:

- if the patient is taking antibiotics (with the exception of track dynamics of the therapeutic process);
- taking diuretics or drink large amount of water;
- large amounts of vitamin C can lead to biases in the results, the bacteria may not be detected.

To determine the causative agent and its antibiotic resistance will require 7-10 days.

Advice 5: How to collect urine from a newborn

The birth of a child is the most important, most joyful, most heartwarming event in the life of every couple. With the advent of the baby born the parents have many questions regarding the care of a baby. One of the first situations which will surely baffle and mom and dad, this collection of newborn urine for analysis. Babies first year of life still can not control urination, therefore, to collect the urine from them is really difficult.
A urine sample should be collected only in a carefully sterilized the dishes
Instruction
1
Tests usually must be the early morning urine, preferably the middle portion. But as to collect urine in a newborn and so quite problematic, and we take the average hers is practically impossible to analyze any morning urine.
2
Before you collect your urine in a newborn baby, you should wash away the baby with warm water and soap. Girls and boys, of course, necessary to wash away different. Boys good enough to wash the vulva, and girls should be undercut in the direction from the genitals to the Pope.
3
To collect urine from a newborn girl it is necessary to prepare a dish, scalded with boiling water. It should be put under the ass of the baby.
Newborns boys to collect urine for analysis is simpler than in girls, so can be prepared in a small glass jar from baby food, also pre-scalded with boiling water.
4
Urination in infants occurs quite often, so a long wait is not necessary. Gentle stroking or pressing a warm hand to the bottom of the tummy the baby will speed up the wait.
5
To a newborn baby rather pissed, can Popo his cushy little water. Under booty girls got to be the plate, and next to penis boy jar.
6
Urination causes in newborns and the sound of water. It is therefore very effective the transfusion of liquid from one vessel to another near a baby. By the way, the procedure for urine collection on this principle it is convenient to hold in the bathroom.
7
Now in pharmacies sell special urine bottles for collecting urine in newborns. One such moonborn is a transparent bag with adhesive base that attaches to the skin of the baby. This contemporary fixture is suitable for collection of urine as boys and girls. Uncomfortable special necesbary for toddlers because the toddler often manage it to unstick. To prevent this, on top of the pouch should wear a diaper.
Note
Before collecting urine, kids can't wash away the antiseptic solutions. It may hide existing inflammation.

In any case you cannot collect your urine in a newborn way of squeezing diapers, diapers or fleece.

Also it is not necessary to collect urine for analysis in non-sterile pot and then pour it into a jar.

It is not recommended to keep collected to analyze urine in a warm room for a long time in order to prevent its decomposition.
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