Advice 1: What to do if you burn your finger

Burn fingers – one of the most common household accidents. For all its seeming simplicity and "carelessness" need to quickly and competently provide first aid, to avoid unpleasant consequences.
What to do if you burn your finger
Burn your finger you can get, Pottering in the kitchen, repaired the moped, stoking the fire, in short, anywhere. To quickly heal a burn and discomfort from injury, and minimize, when you burn your finger it is necessary to consistently perform the following steps.

1. To eliminate the effect of the substance or object that caused the burn

The sooner this is done, the better. If the skin on the finger is just red – it is a burn of the 1st degree, you can do home treatment. If the blisters is a 2nd degree burn. Blisters can puncture, crush, break in any case! This can lead to infection.
Burns on fingers 3 and 4 the extent to which there are wound, charring, occur less frequently. In this case, you must immediately seek medical help.

2. To determine the nature of the burn

It can be thermal or chemical. If the burn is caused by a chemical compound that is good to know how. It is important to remember:

- If the burn was caused by quicklime, in any case it is impossible to wash out - this will only aggravate the problem!
- Sulphuric acid to start first removed from skin with dry cloth or towel.

In other cases, as with chemical and thermal burns, you can skip to step 3

3. Rinse the burnt spot under running water for 10-15 minutes

Thermal processes in the tissues continue to go, even if the source of the burn is eliminated. Chemical burn additionally, you can process a soap or soda solution, if the exposure to acid. If there was contact with alkali, water for processing, you can acidify a few drops of lemon juice or boric acid – it will help to neutralize the effect of the chemical.

4. To make processing of the damaged site

If the burn is not severe, you can treat the damaged area with ointment containing panthenol, or to use traditional medicines.

- Poultice of raw grated potatoes, pumpkin or carrots (to change on the degree of heating of the slurry). Curd applied to the burnt site, will also facilitate rapid healing.
- Lotions of decoction of plants such as clover, mother and stepmother, oak bark, wild rose. In an extreme case, fit tea, both green and black.
Good in such cases and honey. It is also a great antiseptic and promotes healing of tissues.

- Lubricate the affected area with egg, previously beaten.

5. To prevent infection

After treatment for a burn is necessary to impose a dry sterile bandage - this will help to protect the damaged area from infection, and therefore accelerate recovery. In addition, if the surface of the skin blisters formed, the bandage will protect them from accidental damage and rupture.

A small burn, not complicated by secondary infection usually heals in 6-7 days.

Advice 2: What to do when you burn?

Burn is a very serious injury. Depending on its degree can be obtained and associated complications, such as infection or post-burn scars. Before answering the question "What burns?", you need to determine what kind of burn you received, and what is its degree.
What to do when you burn?

Treatment of minor burns

Burns first and second degree, in which affect the upper layers of the skin, quite painful, but are insignificant. The wounds from such burns heal quickly enough. If you got a burn, place the injured skin area in cold water for 15 minutes. Don't apply ice, it may aggravate the injury. Take any pain medication and wrap the wound layers of gauze, it will protect it from dust and dirt. Do not apply tight bandages, they would impede the flow of air that will increase the healing time of the burn. If the burn involves large areas of skin (more than 7 cm), consult a doctor.

The treatment of severe burns

Burns third and fourth degree in which the affected layer of skin is completely burned, is considered heavy. When such injuries should immediately seek help from doctors. Before the arrival of the ambulance, try to reduce the temperature of the affected area of skin a short exposure to cold compress. Do not immerse the burn in cold water or use ice. If the fire on the burned site ceased, keep him the rest of his clothes, it can greatly increase the trauma.

Treatment of chemical burns

Chemical burns are most often found in manufacturing, they occur under the influence of various acids and alkalis. Such insidious burns that continue to spread even after the immediate effects on the skin. Upon receiving such a burn, you should immediately stop the impact of chemicals, using brush. Remove clothing and jewelry that have come in contact with chemicals. Rinse the burnt skin with cold water to remove any residual substances and cover the wound with a dry dressing. Be sure to consult your doctor.

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