Advice 1: How to treat a thermal burn

Fire, hot fat, boiling water, molten metal are all sources of increased danger, which we daily have to face in everyday life. As a result, there are thermal burns of varying severity. With a strong burn very important to give first aid. And if the burn is small, then cure it at home.
How to treat a thermal burn
You will need
  • - the bandage;
  • - boric acid;
  • - chicken eggs;
  • grass celandine;
  • fresh potatoes, carrots, cabbage or pumpkin;
  • - black or green tea;
  • - fresh flowers of St. John's wort;
  • - vegetable oil;
  • - sour cream;
  • - aloe juice;
  • - fresh leaves of plantain or burdock;
  • - dry clover flowers.
In severe burns with formation of blisters, apply a sterile dressing (ironed with a hot iron cloth or a bandage). Let the victim to drink more often. Be sure to call the doctor.
When extensive burns skin until the arrival of the ambulance the victim wrap the ironed sheet or towel. Give him 1-2 tablets of Panadol and plenty of fluids (mineral water, tea).
If you burn the eye to make cold lotions of boric acid solution: in a glass of water add half teaspoon of acid.
If you can not call a doctor, with a strong burn as fast as you can apply cotton wool soaked in protein fresh eggs. Repeat this procedure several times. Then the affected area of skin flush a couple of celandine (2 teaspoons of herbs pour a glass of boiling water) or hold it on the wound a compress for 40 minutes. For greater efficiency it is recommended to alternate the compresses with egg white and a couple of celandine every 40 minutes.
There are many folk remedies that help to treat thermal burns. Clear fresh potatoes, grate. Put the pulp on a cloth and apply to the affected area. When the compress warms up, it needs to change. Instead of potatoes you can use grated carrots. Burns also use fresh cabbage leaves as bandages and compresses from juice of the pumpkin.
A very effective recipe for the treatment of thermal burns – use to brew black or green tea. Brew the tea, cool the tea up to 13-15°. Pour the welding burnt skin, bandage. Periodically wet bandages brew, not allowing them to dry. This treatment should be carried out within 10-12 days.
A good home remedy for burns – St. John's wort oil. If you cook it in advance in your home first aid kit will always be an effective tool for the treatment of burns, wounds, sores and rashes on the lips. Take the fresh flowers of St. John's wort and oil (sunflower, olive, linseed or peach) in the ratio 1:2. Steep this mixture for 21 days in a closed Cabinet. Strain, and squeeze. In thermal burns apply on the affected skin oil compresses.
To treat burns with blisters prepare a mixture of 1 tablespoon vegetable oil, 2 tablespoons of sour cream and yolk of 1 egg. Thickly coat the burn and bandage. The bandage is enough to change 1 times per day.
Lubricate the burn with fresh aloe juice and saturate them with a gauze bandage. In the summer, for the treatment of burns use the green leaves and flowers. Apply pounded leaves of plantain or burdock. Another available prescription - lotions from the flowers of the red clover. To do this, 2-3 tablespoons of dried flowers scalded with boiling water, wrap in cheesecloth and apply on the burnt area of skin.
In severe burns never treat the skin with alcohol or Cologne. This can cause severe burning and pain. Also, do not lubricate the skin with green paint, grease, solution of potassium permanganate or sleep powder.

To avoid wound infection in any case do not pierce the formed bubbles do not touch the wound with your hands and tear off stuck to the burn fragments of clothing.
Useful advice
If the burn had only a slight redness of the skin, wash the sore place under running cold water. When the pain subsides, coat the affected area with alcohol or Cologne, while the dressings is not required. To accelerate healing process the burn healing spray that can be purchased at the pharmacy.

Advice 2: How to treat 2nd degree burns

Burn of second degree easily recognizable by the strongly reddened skin and it bubbles with yellowish liquid. If the area of damage is small burn can be cured at home. But you need to be careful not to contaminate it and thus not to aggravate their condition. With proper treatment a second-degree burn goes away within a week and a half.
How to treat 2nd degree burns
Cool the burn with ice or substitute it under a stream of cool water to stop tissue damage. Remember, do not compromise the integrity of the blister at home, this will pave the way for the germs! Moreover, this procedure is very painful. If the bubble is large and located in the open area of the body, treat it with a solution of potassium permanganate. It will have a sterilizing effect and will make the thin skin of the blister rougher.
Cover the injured area with a sterile bandage or gauze soaked in novocaine. This will help to relieve severe pain and without pain to hold a follow-up treatment of burns.
Apply to the wound with antimicrobial ointment with panthenol. If possible, use the spray with the same active substance, it is better to give preference to him. When applied, there is no hand contact with the burn, therefore the risk of infection is extremely low.
Use a piece of aloe to accelerate healing of burns. For this release the fleshy leaf of a plant from the skin and apply it to the wound. This method is good if the home kit was not a special burns means.
Apply on the affected place with vitamin E, it helps to prevent scar formation. They can not be used to cool the burn, as it comes in the form of oil. And the oil, the heat of the hot damaged tissues, can make the burn more painful and deep.
If the burn does not go a long time, pain is worse, and the fluid in the blister becomes cloudy, you need to see a doctor so he can adjust the treatment.

Advice 3: How to treat skin burns

Burns can occur in case of careless handling of hot objects and liquids or in an accident. Depending on the depth of tissue damage burns can be divided into 4 degrees. Extensive damage needs to be treated in hospital, but in a small area and degree of destruction to deal with the treatment of the burn can be at home.
How to treat skin burns
Cool the burn as quickly as possible - put it under running cold water. If this is not done, the area and depth of the lesion will increase due to the fact that damaged by flame or boiling water tissue some time to retain the heat.
Determine the degree of the burn. At the first degree the damaged area is red, swelling appears, which is accompanied by pain. Second degree is characterized by redness and the bladder with turbid fluid. Victim concerned about severe pain, especially in the case of damage to the bubble shell. In the third degree occurs necrosis, which can be identified by the presence of scab on the lesion. With scalding liquids, it has a grayish color, in the case that damage occurred from exposure to open flame, the scab to turn black. Fourth degree different depth of damage. In this case, affects not only the skin and subcutaneous layer of fat, but also muscle and even bone. In the third and fourth degree burns require immediate hospitalization.
Treat the burnt spot ointment with panthenol, it accelerates the regeneration of tissues. There are sprays that contain the same active ingredient. With severe pain of this form of medication, even preferable, as it allows not to irritate the sore spot for more touches.
Bandage, if you have a second-degree burn. Sterile gauze, fixed in the damaged area with a bandage, will help to preserve the integrity of the bladder or to prevent sepsis in case it burst.
Treat the burnt spot with antiseptic agents. Ointments with furatsilina or syntomycin promote rapid healing.
Take advantage of the popular ways of treatment of burns. These include compresses of raw grated potatoes or from strong tea infuser. As well helps scalded with boiling water and wrapped in gauze sorrel.
Do not treat fresh burns oil-containing ointments. Fat film, arising from its use, prevents the release of heat, causing tissue damage becomes more profound. Treatment of folk remedies with the use of sunflower oil may be done only after long-term cooling of the damaged place!

Advice 4: How to treat a burn with aloe

Aloe is one of the most popular plants used in folk medicine and cosmetology. Its juice has wound healing, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect. Aloe is particularly effective in the treatment of burns.
How to treat a burn with aloe

Useful properties of aloe Vera

In aloe Vera include b vitamins, ascorbic acid, tocopherol and beta-carotene. In addition, it contains amino acids, minerals, enzymes and other nutrients. Because of this plant can be used for the treatment of many diseases, such as runny nose, sore throat, immune deficiency, gastritis etc, Helps aloe Vera when applied topically. It operates most effectively for acne, cuts, abrasions and burns, including deep. The juice of the plant accelerates the regeneration of tissues, so it can be used not only in fresh injuries, but also for the treatment of chronic wounds.
Treatment of deep burns by using aloe should be done with doctor's permission and under his control. Otherwise, you can bring infection in the wound or not time to notice any complications.

Treatment of burns the juice and pulp of the aloe

Treatment of first degree burn (redness of skin) it is best to start immediately after the injury. In this case, it is likely that the burn will disappear within days, leaving no trace. The damaged area should be thoroughly washed with cold water, then cut along the fleshy leaf of the plant and apply it to the wound. Most effective would be to keep aloe Vera for a few hours, having fixed it with a bandage.

As an alternative for the treatment of superficial burns, you can use the aloe juice. It is necessary to wash freshly cut leaf of the plant, cut it into small pieces and run them through a meat grinder. Next, you squeeze the juice through cheesecloth, soak the cotton pad and apply it to the wound, securing a bandage or plaster. The bandage can be removed after 6-8 hours.
In the absence of Allergy to bee products, you can use aloe juice combined with warm liquid honey (ratio 1:1).

In the presence of blisters or violation of the integrity of skin (second-degree burn) treatment it is better to sterilized the juice of aloe. For this you need to press it with a grinder or a juicer, and then boil on a slow fire for one and a half to two minutes. When the juice has cooled, you should liberally soak the gauze, then apply it to the burn and bandage. Not to miss the development of complications (and in violation of the integrity of the skin to eliminate of infection in the wound), need to change the dressing every 3-4 hours. Usually the pain goes away within the first two hours, and the final healing of burn you can expect 3-5 days.

For the treatment of deep burns (3-4 degree) aloe should not be used in the first day, and after at least 3-5 days from the moment of injury. Before this time treatment must be carried out by traditional means and only under the supervision of a specialist.

Advice 5: How to treat a burn with butter

Burns called tissue damage of skin, muscles and bones, during their interaction with substances of high temperature or corrosive acids, alkalis, salts of heavy metals. The longer the contact with these substances, the greater may be the burn and its consequences.
How to treat a burn with butter

Classification of burns

The oil burns treat heat burns. Depending on the exposure temperature and time, their klassificeret on burns of the first, second and third degree.

For the first degree is characterized by redness of skin, slight edema, there are pain. A burn of this degree is a result of sudden and brief exposure to steam or hot water. In a few days so the burn disappears.

The second equally dangerous burns with redness and blisters filled with fluid. The epidermis dies, causing severe pain. The healing of such a burn occurs in two weeks.

When third-degree burns is the withering away of the whole thickness of the skin. Once the burn dries up and forms a gray-white or yellow ledge, is insensitive to touch. In this case, prompt medical intervention can not be avoided.

First aid for burns oil

In case of burn, you need to substitute the damaged area under cold running water, or make a compress if the place is inaccessible. This should be done in order to relieve the pain and reduce the depth of the burn. Duration should be no more than twenty minutes. The area of skin around the burn is necessary to lubricate alcohol-containing solution, and the damaged area apply a bandage.

A burn from boiling oil in any case can not be lubricated with egg white or vegetable oil because they can cause infection in the affected area. Burns need to provide to the victim plentiful drink.

There are folk remedies for the treatment for burns. In some cases they do help.

Fresh potato is one of the popular home remedies for burns. It must be grated, put in cheesecloth and apply to the affected area. Instead of potatoes you can use carrots and cabbage leaves.

Packs of welding is made at a temperature of 13 – 15oC.

Burns aloe Vera juice to drip on the burn, then the top to attach a sheet of scarlet and wrap.

Also burns can be mixed fir and sea buckthorn oil in the ratio of one to one, and apply on the affected skin area for three days.

St. John's wort

You need half a Cup of the herb St. John's wort, pour a glass of vegetable oil and infuse for 21 days. Then strain and spread it over the burns for five days. The resulting oil can be stored in the refrigerator.

You can also use the drugs: "Bepanten", "Panthenol" and other means, otpuskaya without a prescription.
Burns first and second degree can be treated at home. But if the situation is more serious, you must contact a medical institution for qualified help.

Advice 6: How to treat thermal burns of 2nd degree

Thermal burns are considered leaders of domestic injuries. The most innocuous burn of the 1st degree, it is accompanied by redness and swelling of tissues, which are themselves a few hours or days. In thermal burns of 2nd degree, need appropriate treatment.
How to treat thermal burns of 2nd degree

First aid in thermal burns of 2nd degree

Signs of thermal burns of 2nd degree are: swelling, redness of tissue, the appearance of large blisters, filled with fluid (blood plasma). This area of skin can become a source of infection, because in any case can not be touched, and the more open bubbles. When you receive a thermal burn of 2 degrees should be set to cool the affected area of the skin. For this you need to hold it under running cold water for 10-20 minutes or apply cold water soaked clean cloth. To the wound do not apply ice. After cooling should be applied to the damaged area of the burn ointment or spray and apply a sterile bandage from the bandage. Most effective products containing chloramphenicol, vitamin E, sea buckthorn oil and other active substances conducive to rapid recovery of tissues.

If the wound got any foreign body, should immediately consult the doctor for taking measures for the prevention of tetanus. You can't smear the burn with aloe Vera juice, sour cream, butter, kefir, homemade ointments, any alcoholic liquors and other folk remedies. Contraindicated to treat the wound coloring solutions (brilliant green, potassium permanganate, iodine), in this case, the doctor will not be able to accurately determine the degree of the burn. However, the skin around the wound need to treat. If first aid is rendered in time and correctly, 2nd degree burn can be cured within 1-1,5 weeks.

How to treat thermal burns degree

For small lesions a valid treatment of burns of 2 degrees at home. It includes daily change of the sterile bandages, treatment of wounds with ointment, treatment of the wound edges with brilliant green or iodine. For the treatment of 2nd degree burns most often in this case, use "Panthenol", "Levomethamphetamine", "Germain", "Sintomitsinovoy emulsion", "Lifeguard", "Olazol", "Solcoseryl". Primary bandage is not changed for 6-8 days. When ligation is necessary to use only sterile bandage. The person that handles the wound should be wearing medical gloves. If the bandage is stuck to the wound, it is moistened with 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide and gently remove in a minute.

If the wound is beginning to suppurate, replace the ointment on a wet antiseptic solutions (furatsilin, chlorhexidine). The 2nd degree burns can be treated without armband in the absence of pus and the creation of optimal conditions for regenerative processes in the wound. In this case, use the aerosols with film-forming polymers ("Godwinson", "Poroplast", "Lifuzol", "Amatol", "Acrilasa, etc.). The film protects the burn from infection, facilitates the monitoring process.

Advice 7: How to treat a burn on the mucosa

Burn mucosa occurs when subjected to high temperatures (boiling water, steam) or chemical agents. Such injuries often occur in children, but people in adulthood have not been insured. How to treat a burn on the mucosa?
How to treat a burn on the mucosa
The first thing to eliminate damaging factors. If the burn is thermal, then wash the injury with cold water. This will reduce the pain and redness. If the mucous membrane has suffered from acid, alkali or medicines, should repeatedly rinse the burn with running water to remove all remnants of harmful substances. Remember, however, that if the mucous came quicklime, then irrigation is strictly prohibited. In this case, use a lotion with 20% sugar solution. Do not RUB the injured area when washing.
Further treatment depends on the nature of the burn. Thermal lesion causes severe pain and redness of the mucosa, and in severe cases, blistering and ulcers. There is a danger of secondary infection, so if the wound is on the mucous membrane of the mouth, before eating, apply antiseptic. To reduce the pain, before eating, rinse your mouth with 1% solution of novocaine or other pain medication. In severe cases, contact physician.
Chemical burns treat with neutralizing solution. If the mucous membranes were acid, it will help the soap solution, 2% solution drinking soda, or deadburned magnesia with water. Neutralize the alkali with 1% solution of citric or acetic acid. The phenol is removed with 70% alcohol or castor oil.
Further obezbolivatmi the burn when eating and use special ointments and creams to accelerate the healing process, which are sold in any drugstore. These include the ointment of propolis, sea buckthorn oil.
Useful advice
Most chemical burns are preventable, especially in children. Do not leave the access area caustic chemicals, be careful when working in the kitchen or in the garage. Try not to store hazardous chemicals.

Advice 8: How to treat sores on lips

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, which is caused by infection and is accompanied by the emergence of aphthas, herpes lesions, called stomatitisohms. The disease is spread not only on the mucous membranes of the palate, tongue, and lips. Causes of stomatitis can include trauma, chemical, thermal burn, radiation exposure. But most frequently it occurs on the background of common diseases – infectious diseases, allergies, gastrointestinal disease, intoxication, heart disease, blood and endocrine disorders.
How to treat sores on lips
You will need
  • - pharmacy propolis tincture, hydrogen peroxide 3%;
  • - herb fireweed;
  • - strawberries;
  • - pharmacy chamomile, boric acid;
  • - aloe, Kalanchoe.
With the appearance of painful ulcerations on the lips and oral cavity relying on self-treatment is not necessary. Need urgent advice not only dentist, but also a therapist, and possibly other specialized doctors. Need accurate diagnosis of the causes of stomatitis, since most serious diseases that threaten life (leukemia, tuberculosis, syphilis, diabetes, etc.), first manifested on the oral mucosa.
If the sores on lips caused by local factors, it is possible to conduct the treatment yourself, consult your doctor. If the cause is bacterial infection – a necessary course of antibiotics that can be taken only as directed by your doctor.
For the treatment of painful aft use proven methods of traditional medicine. Take the pharmacy propolis tincture, do lotions for ulceration, pre-treating them with 3% hydrogen peroxide (10 ml per 50 ml of water).
Prepare a decoction of the leaves of willow-herb angustifolia. Steep 15 grams of herbs Cup of boiling water and boiling for 15 minutes on low heat, infuse for an hour. Strain and gargle with the decoction, and to the lips, make lotions.
Helps cleanse aft overlaying them mashed strawberries for 15-20 minutes 3-4 times a day. Definitely before the procedure, wash the ulcers with hydrogen peroxide 3% (teaspoon per 100 ml of water) or mortar furatsilina.
Prepare an infusion of chamomile blossoms. 15-20 grams of inflorescences pour a glass of boiling water, insisting in a warm place for one hour, filter. Add 4 grams of boric acid, stir. Gargle with 5-7 times a day prepared solution, and on the lips apply a lotion with the infusion.
Good result gives a blurred ulcers juice of Kalanchoe or aloe 3-5 times a day. Dissolve a piece of aloe in the mouth 3-5 times a day.
Impaired immunity, low culture of hygiene of the oral cavity is highly contribute to the development of stomatitis.
Useful advice
In any form of stomatitis is not recommended to smoke, make spicy, spicy, solid food. Avoid products that can cause an allergic reaction.
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