Why you need a sedative effect
There are two reasons for the use of sedatives. First, they help you painlessly through some surgery and to get rid of anxiety and fear. Second, help to soothe the least "compliant" patients, e.g., children. They are also used in the case when the patient needs a long time to preserve the stationary position of the body. Often sedatives are used along with painkillers.
Sedation and anesthesia
Sedative effect is mild and deep. Mild sedative effect is a result of the use of local anesthesia, i.e., anesthesia of certain areas of the body.
Often local anesthesia is carried out at the treatment of the teeth, the plastic surgeries. When this person is exposed to a sedative drug, is able to maintain awareness, to hear and understand speech, respond to touch. The patient is able to control all the vital functions of the organism.
Moderate sedation does not last long, but causes a side effect: the patient may feel drowsy. Other side effects – nausea and headache. Sometimes short-term memory loss.
Patients undergoing moderate sedation, the doctors do not recommended to sign important documents, to drive, to drink alcohol and to use the equipment within 24 hours after the procedure.
Deep sedation occurs as a result of General anesthesia. Thus partially or completely lost the reflex reaction of the body, the ability to control breathing and to answer questions.
After deep sedation, the patient longer to come back, increases the risk of complications from anesthesia.
What medications cause sedation?
Sedative drugs are divided into tranquilizers, aimed at eliminating the concerns of patients, hypnotics and antipsychotics.
Some tranquilizers in high doses act as hypnotics medications, such as benzodiazepines.
With increasing doses sedatives sedative effect is enhanced.
Among drugs that cause sedation, secrete barbiturates, benzodiazepines, natural remedies, Z-drugs and antihistamines.
Barbiturates include: amobarbital, pentobarbital, Seconal, phenobarbital.
Belong to benzodiazepines: clonazepam, diazepam, estazolam, flunitrazepam, lorazepam, midazolam, nitrazepam, oxazepam, triazolam, temazepam, chlordiazepoxide, alprazolam.
Natural sedative medications include remedies based on herbs such as: ashwagandha, Duboisia, Catnip, Kava Kava, Mandrake, Valerian, cannabis.
Z-drugs is zaleplon, zolpidem, zopiclone.
Antihistamines include diphenhydramine, dimenhydrinate, doxylamine, phenergan, promethazine.
Advice 2 : How to choose a sedative
Poor health in humans can be caused by nervous tension, stress, lack of sleep. If you can not handle yourself, come to the aid of sedatives. They should be selected on the basis of the causes of ailments.
Need to find out the cause of the disorder
Some sedative drugs designed for insomniacs, the other for those who live in constant stress and disorders. Therefore it is necessary to articulate what is troubling, and only then go to the pharmacy. Every day on the nervous system has a strong impact. Most often, the stress experienced by people with an active lifestyle who cannot sit still, they are in contact with a huge number of people.
Drugs based on herbal components
If a person understands that his strength is leaving, you need to think about the reception of sedative drugs. It is better to consult with your doctor so he can prescribed effective therapy based on the patient's history. For self-treatment, you should choose the products based on vegetable components. The composition can have the following herbs: lemon balm, mint, Valerian, motherwort. They are most often found in herbal fees, teas and tinctures. Drugs dispensed at the pharmacy without a doctor's prescription. Not reduce performance, almost have no side effects. Only talking about individual intolerance of separate components.
For fast and effective recovery after stress it is best to obtain the advice of a doctor.
A man leading an active way of life, do not want every time to brew some fresh tea, to do the infusions at home, so any sedative you can buy in the pills and take according to instructions. "Persen", "Novopassit", infusion of Valerian, "Effective" - these drugs sold in a pharmacy, they contain only natural ingredients.
In serious stressful situations, it is necessary to take powerful drugs. Here we should speak about the side effects from them, they are harmful to the body. May appear drowsiness, lethargy, jumps in blood pressure. To take strong medications without supervision and advice of a doctor is impossible. It is important to comply with dosage and duration of treatment. Due to incorrect technique can develop addiction to the drug. The advantage is their fast action. Under the instructions of the psychological health of the person soon returns to normal.
Antidepressants a group of drugs which are widely spread. People find in them salvation and normalization of mental status.
There are medications that have a dual effect: soothes and calms irritated nervous system, and normalize sleep. "Menovalen is manufactured by" refers to such drugs. It includes peppermint and Valerian. According to customer reviews, whether the use of medication. Do not brew tea, you just have to drink the capsule with a small amount of water.
Advice 3 : What is a sedative, how they act
Sedatives are called psychotropic medications that have a calming effect on the Central nervous system (CNS) without significant violations of its functions. Such funds are used in medicine mainly for the treatment of neurotic conditions.
Sedatives and their types
This group of drugs can reduce the excitability of the Central nervous system to exert regulatory effects by restoring the balance between the processes of excitation and inhibition and, if necessary, to strengthen the processes of inhibition. Sedative drugs have a less pronounced psychosedative effect than tranquilizers, and do not possess a hypnotic and muscle relaxant properties, and, importantly, did not cause ataxia.
The systematic use of sedatives for long time mental drug dependence does not occur to them. In recommended therapeutic doses, sedatives are not able to possess a hypnotic effect. But, providing a calming effect on the Central nervous system, they may provoke the onset and deepening of sleep.
Distinguish sedative drugs of synthetic and plant origin. Of the drugs of plant origin widely used remedies based on medicinal plants such as motherwort, Valerian officinalis, Melissa officinalis, patrinia medium (stone Valerian), Passiflora incarnated, peony and tropical plants of the family percovich Kava-Kava. Pharmacological effects of herbal sedatives is very diverse. For example, in addition to the Valeriana officinalis sedative effect that is associated with a reduction in the excitability of the Central nervous system, has antispasmodic properties, improves coronary circulation, regulates heart function, increases the secretion glands of the gastrointestinal tract and improves bile secretion.
Similar to Valerian effects on the body has motherwort, providing also the antihypertensive effect and reducing the heart rate. Passion flower and peony additionally have anticonvulsant action. Melissa inherent antipruritic, antihypertensive, antispasmodic, and prevent arrhythmia act. In addition, she has a slight choleretic effect, favorable way helps to restore intestinal flora and enhance secretion of the gastro-intestinal tract. Kava-Kava has an excellent hypnotic, antimicrobial, and analgesic effects.
Drugs that have a sedative effect
A calming effect is also characteristic of certain medications, which are often not considered as a means of influencing the Central nervous system. For such drugs sedative effect is related to the primary pharmacological effects. For example, a pronounced sedative effect can occur when you use a diuretic acetazolamide (Diakarb"), certain antihypertensive drugs — clonidine hydrochloride ("Clonidine"), or metildofy. Sedative and in some cases even have a soporific effect of some antihistamines, especially diphenhydramine hydrochloride (Diphenhydramine) and promethazine.
To achieve the best therapeutic effect is very important the right choice of sedatives or appropriate drug combinations and to establish the most effective dose that can be determined only specialist after prior consultation.