Tranquilizers and antidepressants belong to different chemical families and have different mechanisms of action. To tranquilizers include the benzodiazepine derivatives: "Relanium", "Seduksen" "Sibazon", "Phenazepam", "Medazepam", "Glorafin", "Xanax". Many of these drugs cause sleep, have a marked relaxing effect, relieve anxiety, mental stress in healthy individuals and in neurotic and neurosis-like States.
Almost all tranquilizers with a long reception cause drug dependence, so they take short courses in a period not longer than a month. The dependency is not formed and for occasional receptions in small doses (for example, when the rare panic attacks). The dose of the drug choose therefore, to ensure the normal activity of the patient. Unlike antidepressants, tranquilizers, mostly, well tolerated and cause no side effects. Many somatic debilitated patients these drugs have an additional positive effect vegetabilibus.
Antidepressants are prescribed for the treatment of depression. Each of the drugs in this group has its range of effects: there are stimulating antidepressants, sedatives, antianxiety, with a strong hypnotic effect, completely devoid of hypnotic effect. These drugs normalize pathologically changed mood, improve thinking process, inhibited increase physical activity, improve concentration. The duration of treatment antidepressants from half a year or more, so a significant number of these drugs does not cause addiction. Some antidepressants, have significantly expressed stimulant properties that can cause worsening mental disorders, the depression in the manic phase, can cause seizures, so this group of drugs be prescribed by a doctor.
One-time use of antidepressants is useless, need a long course of treatment. Given the specific effects of these drugs, the treatment begins with small amounts of the drug, gradually increasing it to a therapeutic dose. Therapy done, gradually reducing the daily amount. In this arrangement, the admission eliminates some side effects. And tranquilizers, and antidepressants must be prescribed by a doctor. Uncontrolled use of these drugs can harm the body.
Advice 2: Why prescribe tranquilizers
Tranquilizers group of drugs psychotropic action. You can buy them only on prescription. Some types of these drugs, for example, "Fenazepam", it is forbidden to use in several foreign countries. Why are there such restrictions, and in some cases actually prescribed tranquilizers?
Why people are prescribed tranquilizers
Some people often experience sensory overload, stress, fear, anxiety. It does not go unnoticed. Often the result is constant nervous excitation, insomnia. And in the most severe cases it can reach up to mental disorder.
If the usual methods of calming, relieving nervous tension (anger management, healthy daily routine, relax, aroma baths, massage) do not help, the doctor prescribes to the patient a tranquilizer. These drugs have a pronounced calming and relaxing effect. With their help, nervous excitement, anxiety, or quite disappears, or becomes significantly weaker. The hypnotic effect of tranquilizers is that sleep comes easier, and its depth and duration increases.
Tranquilizers almost no help for conditions caused by mental disorder (e.g., delusions, hallucinations).
In some cases, to prescribe tranquilizers undesirable
In the treatment of tranquilizers can produce the effect of addiction and also drug dependency. Therefore, the use of tranquilizers is only to appointment of specialist and under his careful supervision. As already mentioned, in the free sale of such drugs are not allowed to buy them only on prescription. Particularly high risk of drug dependence when taking tranquilizers in children and adolescents. Therefore, persons under 18 years tranquilizers, usually not prescribed.
In some cases, when it is absolutely necessary, tranquilizers and administered to the young patients, but only for a short time.
A characteristic side effect of some tranquilizers are drowsiness, decrease in reaction speed, concentration. So those people whose work is associated with increased responsibility, the need for rapid and precise reactions, these drugs also assign undesirable. For this category of people include, for example, drivers.
It is unacceptable to prescribe these drugs to people who abuse alcohol, as ethyl alcohol and products of its metabolism greatly increasing the inhibitory effect of components of tranquilizers on the Central nervous system. The result may be a sudden deterioration until coma and death. That is why you can buy them only on prescription.