Tranquilizers and antidepressants belong to different chemical families and have different mechanisms of action. To tranquilizers include the benzodiazepine derivatives: "Relanium", "Seduksen" "Sibazon", "Phenazepam", "Medazepam", "Glorafin", "Xanax". Many of these drugs cause sleep, have a marked relaxing effect, relieve anxiety, mental stress in healthy individuals and in neurotic and neurosis-like States.
Almost all tranquilizers with a long reception cause drug dependence, so they take short courses in a period not longer than a month. The dependency is not formed and for occasional receptions in small doses (for example, when the rare panic attacks). The dose of the drug choose therefore, to ensure the normal activity of the patient. Unlike antidepressants, tranquilizers, mostly, well tolerated and cause no side effects. Many somatic debilitated patients these drugs have an additional positive effect vegetabilibus.
Antidepressants are prescribed for the treatment of depression. Each of the drugs in this group has its range of effects: there are stimulating antidepressants, sedatives, antianxiety, with a strong hypnotic effect, completely devoid of hypnotic effect. These drugs normalize pathologically changed mood, improve thinking process, inhibited increase physical activity, improve concentration. The duration of treatment antidepressants from half a year or more, so a significant number of these drugs does not cause addiction. Some antidepressants, have significantly expressed stimulant properties that can cause worsening mental disorders, the depression in the manic phase, can cause seizures, so this group of drugs be prescribed by a doctor.
One-time use of antidepressants is useless, need a long course of treatment. Given the specific effects of these drugs, the treatment begins with small amounts of the drug, gradually increasing it to a therapeutic dose. Therapy done, gradually reducing the daily amount. In this arrangement, the admission eliminates some side effects. And tranquilizers, and antidepressants must be prescribed by a doctor. Uncontrolled use of these drugs can harm the body.