Causes of night pain in calves of legs
When regular spasms of the calf muscles need to be examined by a specialist. The causes of night cramps can be different.
To determine the cause of seizures, you need to analyze your lifestyle to the degree of presence of predisposing factors in everyday life.
Prolonged stress, irregular meals. And the first and second leads to a decrease in blood sugar. Muscles eat glucose. Its deficiency can cause reduction of electrolytes, and as a result there are cramps.
Excessive physical stress. The reason that drives caviar can be reinforced sports. This is especially true for those cases when the muscles were not ready for it. A similar problem may face as newcomers with a weak preparation, and professional athletes. It is therefore important to increase the load on the legs gradually.
Sitting or standing work. Both can cause night cramps. In the case of sedentary work, immobility contributes to slowing the blood circulation and flow of nutrients in the extracellular space of muscles. In the case of standing work, on the contrary, the muscles of the legs are in a state of static tension.
Violation of metabolism. As a result, muscle mass may experience a lack of oxygen and nutrition, which explains what's driving the calves of the legs.
Abuse of caffeine. When consuming in a day more than 5 cups of strong tea or coffee, you may be advised calf muscles.
Wearing uncomfortable shoes. Day the leg muscles get really tired and at night can't relax.
Abrupt abstinence from alcohol. In the case of alcohol dependence, a sharp rejection of these drinks can be accompanied by convulsions.
Atherosclerosis of the legs. With such a diagnosis mixing calf muscle may occur not only at night but during the day while walking.
Old age. Slow metabolism, lack of glucose, incipient Parkinson's disease can cause seizures.
What to do when cramps in calf muscle
To prevent the recurrence of cramps, calf muscles, you need to eliminate provoking factors.
It is recommended to put in order the nervous system, eliminating the annoying aspects of daily life. You can drink a course of Valerian, a sedative fees.
Good soothing mint tea.
It is compulsory to adjust your diet. Meal should be approximately at the same time.
Not to do without control of the physical load. You should try to perform only a feasible exercise. Welcome daily kneading of the muscles of the lower extremities.
Spasms of the positive effect of giving the massage. Doing it should not only at critical moments, but also during the day. After the massage is useful for a cold compress on the skin.
If the cause of leg cramps is a serious disease, need to treat it. The medication must be administered under the supervision of a physician. After recovery, the cramps will disappear.
Advice 2: Why drives caviar
About diseases of the feet, many know neponaslyshke. Among the leaders in unpleasant sensations of caviar. After all, when driving leg muscles, it is very painful, you can neither turn around nor stand nor sit. All actions are accompanied by stress and discomfort. And the reasons for such diseases are many.
Pain in the legs very often, pregnant women suffer. In connection with the growing stress on the body and double the spending of useful salts and minerals in pregnant women appears insufficient amounts of calcium. This leads to cramps and pain in calves of legs. As a rule, the situation is corrected by taking additional vitamins and mineral complexes. Also helps in this case so-called potassium diet when you need to eat more bananas, kiwi and honey.In addition, muscle cramps can occur in cases where a person develops chronic venous insufficiency. This vein is compressed, poorly functioning and give a strong pain in the lower leg. Before you start treatment and to confirm the diagnosis, it is recommended to do an ultrasound of the veins, Doppler or scanning. Phlebologist then prescribe treatment.In some cases, pain in the calf is a signal that there is a strain or disorder of the blood pressure. Such displays are removed proper balanced diet with a high content of greens, fruits and dairy products. Normalize the pressure, relax. And the pain will go away.In addition to treatment can relieve pain appearing more and more funds. For example, massage. Gently stroke in a cramped limb. Then gradually and very light tapping massage the foot. Need to relieve spasm of blood vessels.Alternatively, try to relieve pain with the help of baths with warm water. To do this, type into the tub water level to the knee and put in her legs. Lightly stroking them under the water. Moisture will relax the muscles and relieve spasm. Which in turn will eliminate the pain.It is recommended to use herbal teas. Only drink them very carefully. Choose only those that do not have a diuretic effect, otherwise you risk to wash even more of calcium, thereby increasing their foot problems.
Advice 3: Why leg cramps cramp
Leg cramps are common, which is a common involuntary muscle contraction. It is always sudden in nature and is accompanied by very strong pain.
Sudden convulsive tension (tonic convulsions) often last for three minutes or more and occur with monotonous sedentary work, when there is a pinched nerve the muscles in the muscular canal, prolonged walking, or hypothermia while swimming in cold water or in winter. In addition, seizures can begin as a result of excessive stress on the leg muscles, insufficient warm-up or increasing the volume of training. Such phenomena can occur in healthy people.
The reason for the localized tonic seizures can also be a violation of the biochemical and electrolyte composition of blood. They are formed when a significant loss of body salts, which develops when a decrease in blood calcium, potassium or magnesium, as well as the lack of vitamin D.
Cramping calf muscles can result from severe anemia. Most often it occurs in pregnant women, especially when there is a deficiency of iron in hemoglobin. This interferes with the exchange of mineral substances, the external manifestation of what are muscle cramps of the legs.
If a person for a long time, aching and swollen legs, he feels a sense of gravity that cause seizures, over time, constant nature, it can speak about the development of varicose disease. Varicose veins are also common among expectant mothers, when the growing uterus compresses the lower floors and the iliac vein. As a result, increases variceal pressure.
Often the cause of leg cramps can be a source of irritation in the motor area of the brain. This phenomenon is most common when starting the stroke or during the formation thereafter, and also in infectious lesions of the nervous system (influenza, SARS).
Cramps in the extremities are often observed in local hypoxia (lack of oxygen) due to vascular disorders in them, and when there are changes of innervation in spinal osteochondrosis. The nerve roots are compressed, and disturbed function of motor nerves.
Sometimes leg cramps occur in diseases of the nervous system (neurosis, tetanus). In some patients, they develop or are aggravated by external stimuli (if you prick the leg with a needle, alcohol abuse and poisoning). The above diseases require careful monitoring by the attending physician.
Advice 4: Why reduces muscle
Some people systematically experience discomfort as a result of the emerging tension in the muscles. At the time of muscle reduces muscle spasm, the condition is accompanied by severe pain. Thus, any activity, whether playing tennis, running, walking, and even sleep can be interrupted by the spasm.
Precipitating factor for the occurrence of muscle spasm could be the lack of elasticity of the fibers, which in some cases may resolve by means of special physical exercises on stretching. One of the reasons why that state comes, experts believe fatigue. Special processes of the nervous system (alpha motor neurons) control the involuntary contractions of the muscles and reflexes of man. Them from the cortex and from the dorsal division of his commands come in the form of electrical impulses, if necessary, creating a reflex contraction of the muscles. This reflex is a way of protecting the body from the load.
During the state of fatigue of alpha-motoneurons continue to operate, but the pulse comes only to muscle, not the tendon. From a large number of pulses, the muscle tenses, because he can't pass them on from fatigue. Thus, the vessels are pressed into the swollen muscle fibers and therefore do not leak blood. In this area the spasm occurs anoxia and increased pressure on some nerves, resulting in pain appear.
Profuse sweating of the body can also lead to muscle spasms. This is due to the loss along with then a large number of minerals, resulting in disrupted the usual balance between potassium, magnesium, sodium and calcium. These trace elements contribute to the timely transmission of impulses from the brain to their destination, and their significant losses disrupt this process, causing and reduces muscle.
Also problems in the circulatory system, spine (osteochondrosis) or nerves very often provoke spasms in the muscles. Violation of metabolism, hormonal changes, monotonous diet, and taking certain medicines can also become one of the causes of muscle spasm.
Shortage of some vitamins (B1, B5 and B6) influencing the process of transmission of nerve impulses in the human body may appear unpleasant symptoms such as spasms and painful tension in the muscles.
If you experience any discomfort in the muscles you need to see a specialist. The reception should be very careful and list in detail all the possible causes of muscle spasm (all diseases, allergic irritants, trauma and surgery, as well as taking drugs).