Causes and symptoms of exhaustion
The most common reasons for the depletion include malnutrition, diseases of the digestive tract, mental disorders, endocrine and hormonal disorders, prolonged intake of alcohol (binge), burns, infection, trauma, disease, into an unconscious condition, cancer, taking certain drugs.
A common symptom of exhaustion is to reduce body weight. In the first stage, it may be poorly expressed, but at the physiological level, the body is experiencing shortages of basic substances, and this affects vitality. Patients complain of weakness, rapid physical and mental fatigue, drowsiness, unstable stool, and frequent colds. In the corners of the mouth appear "zaedy" - signs of deficiency of b vitamins, patients with asthenoneurotic state alternate with relatively stable operation of the CNS.
For the second stage of exhaustion characterized swelling, especially of the abdomen and lower extremities. They appear in connection with the violation of protein metabolism, to get rid of them is not easy. The health of patients sharply reduced, they look exhausted, there is a total vitamin deficiencies, disorders of the nervous system, depression, appear willful violations and mental sphere, suicidal thoughts, patients are hypochondriac character deteriorates. Consequences of third degree of exhaustion (cachexia): the critical decline of mental processes, the stillness, the pale face of the sick, has a grayish or yellowish tint, facial features are sharp, his eyes sunken, there may be convulsions, involuntary urination.
When the first symptoms of rabies the disease is fatal. Treatment is no longer here.
Exhaustion: diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis is made according to a medical examination, it is calculated according to the body mass of constitutional stature. The patient is required to undergo a thorough examination to exclude major diseases, which can lead to exhaustion. Studies for objective assessment of the basic metabolic processes of the body, performed examinations of internal organs for the selection of proper therapy.
The consequences of the third stage of exhaustion after treatment remain for life in the form of mental or somatic disorders of varying severity.
The treatment is performed in a hospital, it is aimed at restoring digestion, normalization of metabolic processes, correction of metabolism. The patient is assigned parenteral nutrition, while gradually expanding the mode and amount of food taken. Requires intake of enzymes, vitamins, cardiovascular drugs, treatment of comorbidities.