Common enemies of the strawberry
Most often, landing Victoria are attacked by the strawberry mite. Small insects breeding, when the berry beds too much moisture or the street is wet weather. Mite lives on his mustache and sockets crops.
Spring not rarely appears spider mite, which sucks the juice from the strawberries, and the inner part of the leaves, the pest entangles the web. All this leads to plant death, in the best case, a reduction in the yield.
Mattila-strawberry weevil spoils not only the strawberries. The insect feeds on leaves and buds. In addition, females lay eggs in buds.
If the weevil wound up at the cottage or in the garden, harvest berries should not be expected. This pest is capable to harm all flowering berry crops.
Snails, slugs, ants and millipedes are also not averse to eat juicy strawberries. They eat mostly fruits, causing considerable damage to crops. If the time to take measures against them, it is possible to do without special losses.
Strawberry nematode – not less dangerous enemy of strawberries. Small worms, the length of which reaches approximately 1 mm, live in the green parts of plants. To identify the pest can be reddish spots on the leaves.
Methods of pest control strawberry
To get rid of the strawberry mite will help the irrigation of the ground part of the plant tincture from tops of tomatoes. Pour 1 kg of last year's leaves 10 liters of warm, but not hot water. Let stand at least 4 hours, put on a slow fire and boil. The resulting broth, strain, dilute 1:1 with water and add 40 grams of household soap. Spray the strawberry – processing need to be performed twice with an interval of 7 days.
When dealing with spider mites strawberries can be sprayed infusions of tobacco or sage, but it is not always effective. After flowering it is best to treat the drug "Fitoverm", and fall "karbofos".
The dosage given in instructions, which is available on the packaging or an attached piece of paper.
Get rid of the weevil is easy. Take 1 kg of wormwood, add 4 liters of water and boil for 10 minutes. Strain and add 50 g of soap – it prevents immediate run-off of the decoction from the leaves. Sprinkle landing.
From snails, slugs, ants and other crawling pests that live on strawberries, use copper sulfate. Powder with a thin layer of spray to the soil between the rows. If pests are too many opalite copper sulfate themselves are leaves in a few hours pour the landing.
Get rid of strawberry nematodes difficult. If the plants are already damaged, they only have to dig up and burn, and the area treated with bleach. After buying the seedlings be sure to rinse the remnants of the earth from the roots of salt water into 5 liters of water 5 tablespoons of salt. It will not hurt to wash and leaves.
Advice 2 : The causes of wilting strawberries
Sockets derived from such berry bushes, for planting is not suitable. Blame the fungus in the soil (it may remain there until the age of 13), which, filling the vessels of the roots clog them, and they don't spend already no water, no nutrients.
Verticillate early signs of decay can be recognized in late may - June. A secondary outbreak of disease occurs at the end of August - September. More likely they marvel at the varieties "festival", "dawn", "the Beauty of Zagorje", "Komsomolskaya Pravda" and smaller - "Zenga - zengana" "the Talisman", "Purple". Sometimes on strawberries and is found fitoftoroza decay. Signs the following: the appearance at the base of petioles banding of brown spots, sloughing and death of leaves, stems with budding green berries, Browning and then blackening of the pith of the rhizomes, fibrous roots dieback, plant death after 1-2 years.
When you notice plants are affected verticillatum or fitoftoroza wilt, immediately remove them sconosciute or burn.A hole disinfect with chloride of lime (100 g per Bush). New strawberry plants in this place can not be planted from 6 to 13 years. Remember that it is risky to lay the strawberry on the site where it grew potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplant, zucchini, pumpkin - after they can be foci of infection. It is best to plant seedlings on a clean pair after or carrots, fennel, and legumes.
Good and other predecessors - calendula, marigolds, onions, garlic. Some gardeners using phytoncide of integrated performances of these plants, grow them along with the strawberries. Seeing that on your site any plants suffer from wilting, before putting the strawberry in the fall (for spring planting) or in spring (for autumn planting), make the soil 85% powder tizona (10-15 kg per sq. m.), and when boarding or 5-7 days after it pour the 0.2 - percent solution benlate (150-200 g for each plant).