Especially against the cherry fly
Start to deal with this little pest in early spring, when the snow melts and the soil dries up. The fact that the cocoons (puparia) overwinter in the soil at a depth of 5-7 cm, so to get rid of the pest, it is recommended to dig the soil and manually select dolls (to notice them is simple: they are bright yellow in color, reach a length of 4-5 mm), as well as to make a soil insecticide. Particularly effective in this case, the "thunderbolt", "the Bear-Tox", "Mruvka-Bytes" and "Prestige", they are dissolved in water (proportions stated in the instructions) and sprayed with a solution of the ground around the affected plants.
When cherries or cherry Bud, followed closely by summer flies emerging from winter in the soil.. To do this, construct a cage-trap made of boards (length – 1 m, width – 17-20 cm) down a bottomless box, one side of which the folded cover in 2-3 layers of gauze. Next, set the tank near a tree which was attacked by the cherry fly (the open side of the cage should be located near the ground). After that sprayed trees of medium and late varieties of pesticides: "Pyrethrum", "Anabasine sulfate", "Kremneftoristyj sodium", "Paris green" or soapy emulsion. But we should remember that the first spraying is carried out only when the ground is already heated, and the air temperature is -18 ºc.
Re-spraying is carried out after 13-15 days after the first treatment, but not later than 2 weeks prior to harvest. For treatment of trees you can use the following insecticides: "Karate", "Zipper", "Spark", etc. it is Important to alternate the used drugs (this will prevent the habituation of the pest to commonly used insecticides).
Trees of early varieties to be sprayed with pesticides is impossible.
After harvest you should clean all the ground, for example, you can bury it a foot deep. Such event will prevent the appearance of new larvae in the soil and pupation.
Along with cherry flies is recommended to deal with cherry aphids, because of her sweet secretions to feed on the pest. Against aphids, you can use a decoction of wormwood or soap solution. So, the latter forms an airtight film, which suffocates aphids.
Folk methods of dealing with cherry fly
Instead of toxic chemicals in the fight with this brown fly, you can use natural remedies. For example, take a pine branch, filled with water (3-4 liters), bring to the boil and cook on low heat for 5-7 minutes. The broth is filtered and cooled. This aromatic "cocktails" sprayed trees and the soil around them.
In combating the pest is an effective decoction of onion peel, garlic and tobacco.
In addition, this pest is an unpleasant smell of tobacco. Therefore, we take 1 kg of fresh or 370-400 g dry tobacco, pour 10 liters of boiling water and insist for 22-24 hours. Then, the infusion is boiled for an hour, filtered and ostuzhayut. Ready means diluted with water (ratio 1:2) and sprayed them with the trees and the soil around.
Advice 2: Than sprayed cherry
Unfortunately, cherry gardens often suffer from diseases and pests, with the result that the trees are unable to prepare for winter and in cold weather freeze slightly and die. To avoid this, you need time to help the plants.
You will need
- - sprayer;
- - protective clothing;
- - respirator.
To avoid yield losses, it is necessary to pay attention to the prevention and treatment of garden trees, regularly inspect them and to take immediate steps for treatment. In addition, you need to be able to distinguish the types of pests and diseases affecting fruit garden.
The kokkomikoza – parasitic fungus, manifests itself in the form of brownish-red dots on the leaves, subsequently turning into brown spots. On the underside of leaves noticeable white-pinkish tinge. It is the spores of the fungus. With the defeat of the leaves fall from the branches, the tree can not be fully prepared for the winter. Infection affects also the fruit of the cherry. In this case they deform and lose their taste.
To get rid of the pathogen, it is necessary to remove and burn fallen leaves, and soil under the trees to dig twice in a season. You also need three-fold spraying of plants with antifungal drugs: after blooming the leaves are spraying 3% Bordeaux mixture, and immediately after the subsidence of the flowers need to treat the trees with preparations of "Trypsin-M", "Ambulance" in accordance with the instructions or copper oxychloride (0.4 percent). After harvest, trees and shrubs sprayed again similar to the spring treatment.
Monilia is another fungal disease that causes leaf scorch. In this case, the damaged and the bark of the tree: it build up the grey colour on the damaged branches cracks, and the plant slowly dies. Suffer and cherry fruits, they rot right on the branches. For the treatment is also used Bordeaux mixture, iron sulfate or a drug "Nitrates". Trees and shrubs of cherries should be sprayed after flowering. It is important to maintain cleanliness around the trees.
Anthracnose is also a common disease of cherry, which is striking in its fruits. In this case, the cherry patches are formed, which then forms a pink coating, then the fruit dries right on the stalk. To combat this disease have twice over the summer to conduct spraying drug "Polishers" and diseased fruits to destroy.
No less worries and pests: cherry aphid, weevil, Sawfly, raspberry cane moth, aphids – all aiming to eat young buds, flowers and ovaries. If you do not keep up with the garden, these tiny insects can destroy entire crops. Fortunately, there are quite a lot of chemicals that destroy these pests, "spark", "commander", "Corado" does not leave insects no chance.
For opponents of chemical treatment remain the traditional methods of pest control: spraying with an infusion of garlic, celandine, soap with the addition of baking soda, sprinkling ash is also give the effect, but not so obvious as in the use of modern fungicides and insecticides. However, only in this case, you can be sure that no harmful substances in the cherry harvest no.
When handling garden chemicals you need to take precautions, wear protective clothing and use a respirator.
Advice 3: How to deal with pests in the garden
Garden pests of crops cause great harm, it negatively affects the growth of plants, therefore the yield is greatly reduced. If you do not start in a timely fight, you can go without vegetables.
You will need
- - kerosene;
- - ammonia;
- - flea shampoo;
- - chemical means.
The very first Wake up and fly to their wintering umbrella psyllids. They settle abundantly on shoots, carrots and destroy the plants at the stage of the first sheet. The adult insects and the larvae suck the base of the root, it causes twisting. When the mass departure psyllids can hit the crops of parsley. To destroy the pest, drag above the patch of twine soaked in kerosene. Psyllids can't stand the smell and will fly to your garden party. Instead of kerosene, you can use ammonia. Dissolve in 10 liters of water 1 liter of alcohol, spray the crops of carrot and parsley from the bottle.
Cruciferous flea completely destroys seedlings of cabbage, sprouts, turnip, radishes, rutabagas, radish. Don't try to strew the beds of tobacco or ash. This is a completely useless way that was not justified. Sprinkle the sprouts with a shampoo against fleas, designed to wash cats and dogs. Dissolve 3 tablespoons of shampoo in 10 liters of water, re-treatment with the spray. It will have to do weekly and after each rain.
Flight of the vegetable fly, which attacks the cabbage, carrot, onion, beet, begins during cherry blossom. At the same time, start flying butterfly the small white or cabbage butterflies. Use strong pesticides is not necessary. Prepare a strong infusion of tansy, wormwood, onion skins, yarrow or orange and lemon peels. Dilute 1 litre per 5 litres of water, spray plants.
Cabbage budworm, moths and steklenica appears during the mass flowering raspberry. Ways of dealing are the same as the vegetables fly.
The greenhouses are starting to annoy whiteflies, spider mites, aphids. For destruction, use drugs of new generation "Phyto-features a large sau" or "spark-bio". Large population of pests can be destroyed by chemical means "Top-old", "Konditor", "sonnet". These same tools are used to kill the Colorado potato beetle.
Tomato mite affects eggplant and tomatoes. To destroy, use a 0.1% solution of galatrona or 0.05% solution of Tamarana.
Slugs amaze pepper, lettuce, eggplant. To fight opalite ground ground superphosphate, lime with pushonkoj or potassium salt. Of chemicals you can use "Metaldehyde", but it is highly toxic, so carefully read the instructions.
For the destruction of wireworms use "Basudin" in granules. It needs to be mixed with sand to make the soil before planting potatoes.
Advice 4: How to deal with weevil
Weevils are small beetles pests, which are familiar with the horticulturists and gardeners. These insects are a serious threat to plants growing in the garden, in the garden, on the balcony. They are dangerous even at room flora, so the weevils to fight.
To detect the presence of weevils is easy: normally in cloudy weather and at night, these pests accumulate on the leaf laminas of the plants subjected to the attack of these insects. Or you can spread a white thick fabric and trotted over her plants - if flora settled weevils, they will fall onto the cloth. Also the presence of adversity you can guess by the little holes on the leaves.
To catch the weevils from the plants on sticky tape used for catching flies. Carefully glue it to a sheet plate, thus there should be no passages that would not be protected by tape. But that's only on the trunk of the tree it is not recommended to glue. Under the Flycatcher put plastic bags: bugs are bound to fall into your trap.
Use homemade traps of corrugated paper and burlap. Spread the burlap on the soil and cover the top with crepe paper. During the day, the weevils will be collected in hunting. In the evening gently clean the trap and destroy pests.
In the fight against harmful insects in a garden use a mixture of soap, kerosene and borax. In small container pour some warm water and mix it with liquid soap. If you did not have liquid soap, replace it with ordinary soap (grate the soap on a fine grater and dissolve in hot water). Usually for making soap use 80-100 grams of household soap. To the resulting solution add borax (20 g per 10 liters of water) and kerosene (200 g on 10 l of water). The mixture intensively mix before formation emulsii. Pour the prepared solution into a sprayer and treat them with plants.
To protect a plant from weevils, run around him onions or garlic. If protection from pests need raspberry or strawberry, each Bush plants plant a garlic clove or onion. Bugs are deterred by the sharp, strong smell, so the cut in the onion and garlic hands.
Spray plants during the emergence of buds) with a special solution. For its preparation mix 10-13 g of mustard powder with 3 litres of warm water. You can use another solution: for 10 liters of water 40 grams of household soap or 2.5-3 kg of wood ash. Also effective in combating weevils helps spraying the affected plants with a solution of potassium permanganate (10 liters of water you need to take 5 g of potassium permanganate), or tincture of Cayenne pepper.
Advice 5: How to deal with black aphids
The aphid is not only green, if you see small dark grey or greenish-brown insects on the leaves and stems in your garden and in the beds, you know, what is the black aphids. It can be of different types, for example, have snowball aphid. Or black cherry. They are very harmful to plants, so it is necessary to struggle with black aphids.
You will need
- - tobacco dust;
- - ash;
- - clay;
- - lime;
- - a solution of detergent or soap.
Black aphids, as well as green, very afraid pollination clean ash or mixed with tobacco dust. So try small bushes to handle such a composition. But the trees get rid of black aphids this method is difficult, because they are high.
To deal with the black aphids on cherry, viburnum and plums. Pour a few times at the root of soapy water after washing. It could even be water with detergent. After a few days the aphids will leave. She certainly won't like the juice treated trees.
To black or green aphids did not appear in summer on plants in the garden, spend prevention. This is a mandatory whitewashing of tree trunks with solution of lime and clay. Take 10 l of water 2-3 kg clay and 1 kg slaked lime. Good help hunting belt on the trunks of garden trees. They can be purchased in a special store for gardeners. During irrigation of the trees let the spray directly into the crown, the water will wash off of the harmful insects.
Do not use chemicals, you will also destroy beneficial insects such as ladybugs that destroy aphids. Therefore, it is better to deal with black aphids without chemicals.
Destroy ant hills in the garden, as the ants contribute to the emergence of aphids. Because they feed on sweet secretions from them.
Advice 6: How to clean cherry juice
Removing stains from baby clothes is a daily task for most parents. Here's baby returned from a walk with a bouquet of dandelions in hand, covered in green and yellow spots. But he eats with his hands applesauce, dirtying your suit. Especially scaring moms and dads and vivid stains of cherry juice. To cope with them, you can use several ways.
You will need
- - boiling water;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- - 70% vinegar;
- - lemon juice;
- - Laundry soap;
- - universal bleach
Do not delay the removal of stains from the cherry juice for later. As soon as you notice its appearance, immediately boil water. The fastest you do it in an electric kettle. Pull the soiled thing over a basin, pan or any other container and pour boiling water over the stain until then, until it disappears. Using this method to remove stains from the cherry juice with the colored clothes, be careful, because even the most resistant paint can fade.
To clean the cherry juice from clothing you can using salt. Thickly sprinkle it on the stain, and in a few minutes, rinse the thing in boiling water with added detergent or dishwashing detergent.
Stains of cherry juice with white clothes cleaned with a hydrogen peroxide or vinegar solution consisting of two tablespoons of 70%-nogo of vinegar and five tablespoons of water. Pour the dirty place one of these funds, wait half an hour and wash it thoroughly a familiar thing for you.
One tablespoon of lemon juice mix with same amount of vinegar. Moisten a cooked mixture, a piece of gauze or white cloth and very gently wipe the stain of cherry juice from the edges to the center. Then wash the thing in warm water with added detergent.
Old stain of cherry juice on the clothes RUB with bar soap. After 10 minutes, pour the boiling water thing. And after half an hour wash it in the washing machine or by hand.
To remove dried stains from the cherry juice, use generic bleach for white or colored linen, which can be purchased at any hardware store. The most popular and most effective tools designed to remove different stains from clothes: Vanish, Amway, SA8. Apply one of these bleach on the stain, leave on for 15-20 minutes and wash a usual thing for you.