Lactobacilli, their functions, unlike bifidobacteria
Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli belong to the lactic acid microflora, creating a normal environment for the functioning of the digestive system. These microorganisms are able to eliminate constipation and diarrhea and promote bowel cleansing. Lactobacilli are gram-positive facultative anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria. In humans they are mainly in the intestine, where they constitute a large part of the microflora. In most cases, the bacteria are not pathogenic, many species perform a positive function in the diet.
Lactobacilli produce most of the trace elements, which then take part in metabolic processes.
They participate in the decomposition of residues of plants, is converted to lactic acid lactose and other carbohydrates. They created an acidic environment prevents the growth and development of fungi and pathogenic bacteria. Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are different from what they are in the whole intestinal system, and are also the main representatives of microflora of the vagina in women. Bifidobacteria also inhabit only the colon.
Bifidobacteria, unlike lactobacilli
Bifidobacterium is a gram-positive anaerobic bacteria, which represent a slightly curved sticks. They make up 80-90% of the intestinal microflora of children breastfed. Bifidobacteria inhibit the growth of pathogenic and putrefactive microbes, contribute to the breakdown of carbohydrates. After breastfeeding bifidoflora in children is changed to the normal intestinal microflora of the adult.
Can make special products (probiotics) that contain live bacteria. They are prescribed for the treatment of dysbacteriosis and its prevention for infections and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, antibiotic therapy.
Bifidobacteria carry out physiological protection of the intestinal barrier from the penetration of toxins and microbes into the internal environment of the body and are involved in activation of the parietal digestion, synthesize proteins and amino acids, vitamin K, b vitamins, contribute to the improvement of the processes of absorption through the intestinal wall of iron, calcium, vitamin D. Bifidobacteria, in contrast to lactobacilli, in addition to strengthening the immune system and prevent the development of allergies and inhibit the action of carcinogens.
To increase the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestine, should eat foods with their high content. The most famous foods with probiotics are yogurt and kefir, their regular application will save from excessive gas, diarrhea and other problems with the digestive system. To support healthy microflora in the gut, should be included in the menu sauerkraut, and acidophilus milk. To restore and maintain vaginal flora you need to use special candles (vaginal probiotics).