Advice 1: How to create an independent Union

Independent trade Union is a group of leaders chosen from the workers of one enterprise or created from a group of individuals working for different companies when we are talking about the United independent trade Union. To the organizational group worked legally and were eligible to vote on any levels, you should properly execute a documentary part with the requirements of article 30 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and a number of articles of the Labor code.
How to create an independent Union
You will need
  • election meeting;
  • Protocol;
  • - the Charter.
Instruction
1
To create an independent Union, a select group of employees. The number of Union members should not be less than six. One of them will be the Chairman, two deputies, three by the members of the audit Committee, one of them is the Chairman of the audit Committee. All the members of the independent organization should have public speaking and organizational skills, to have any education, but to be good learners and have a basic knowledge of the Labour code and the Constitution.
2
To elect leaders, hold a General meeting of all employees in the company. Assembly can be carried out in the walls of the enterprise or beyond, it does not matter. Select the Chairman of the meeting Secretary, who will announce the agenda, keep a record. Record and announce that the meeting is held at the establishment of the independent trade Union, the election Committee and the adoption of the Charter of the organizational activities.
3
In Protocol making all items for conducting the meeting: Chairpersons, deputies and auditing Commission. The SC chair will select the members of the Commission through an internal vote.
4
To write a Charter, call an experienced lawyer or borrow the existing Charter of the independent trade Union in another organization and transferred to your Charter taking into account the specifics of the enterprise.
5
All custom actions are conducted by General vote, number of votes in the electoral record of the meeting, collect the signatures of all workers who participated in the elections under the Protocol, familiarize with the results of the Director.
6
The independent trade Union has the right to control the work of the company's management to make decisions about changing the internal legal acts and documents related to demand higher wages based on the prices of retail goods to enter the mode of incomplete working hours (article 73 of the labour code), to participate in the scheduling (article 103 TK the Russian Federation). And also to raise the issue of holding early re-election of elective positions, if the job selected does not suit the majority of employees in the company, to monitor attraction of workers to overtime work, to participate in the coordination of vacation schedules.
7
Independent trade Union may encourage workers to rallies, strikes, appeal to the labour Inspectorate, on behalf of all workers, to hold demonstrations, picket, and pursue other available methods of influence on the leadership, but limited to the extent permitted by law, that is, constructive methods do not translate in battles.
8
In accordance with article 5.28-5.34 administrative code the employer, do not listen to the requirements of the independent trade Union acting on behalf of all employees in the company, has administrative responsibility.
9
According to article 5 of the Law on "independent trade unions" chosen leaders are accountable to the primary trade Union organizations, parties and senior management, that is, the independent trade Union is obliged to listen only to the opinions of workers and to protect their interests.

Advice 2: How to organize a Union

The trade Union at the level of a particular company may be established by any employee, but must consist of not less than two members. The establishment of trade Union is carried out on the basis of its founders decision, subsequent state registration is of a notifying character.
How to organize a Union
Instruction
1
Current legislation defines a trade Union as a voluntary Association of citizens associated defined production or professional interests which are created in order to protect their labor and social rights, represent workers in relations with the employer. At the level of individual companies labor unions created workers in the form of primary trade Union organizations.
2
For the organization of the Union should find at least two people who will become its members. This requirement follows from the very definition of a trade Union, suggesting the presence of more than one participant in this Association. After identifying the individuals ready to be part of the Union produced, compiled a list of the participants.
3
After determining the future composition of the Union should develop its Charter or the regulations on the primary trade Union organization. On the basis of the said document will be implemented by all subsequent activities of the Union. The Charter of this organization include the name, purpose, activities, organizational structure, location and other information stipulated by special Federal law.
4
The next step is to take a formal decision on the establishment of the Union, approval of its Charter. For this convened the constituent meeting of the Union to which are invited the participants in accordance with the previously compiled list. At the meeting, may be taken and other decisions (e.g., election management body), which are required at the initial stage of activity.
5
After conducting constituent Assembly and adoption of the documents marked trade Union is considered established. Its subsequent registration in the Ministry of justice of the Russian Federation is of a notifying character, however, it is necessary to obtain the primary trade Union organization of the rights of a legal entity. For the state registration of the management bodies of the trade Union sent to the territorial division of the Ministry of justice at the location of the Charter, the decision on creation of the Union and the adoption of the Charter, the list of participants.
6
The Ministry of justice after receiving the specified documents shall forward them to the tax authority, which makes the appropriate entry in the register about the created legal entity. After that, the management bodies of the trade Union passed a document confirming the relevant entry, and the Union acquires the rights of the organization.
Useful advice
State registration of a trade Union is not a prerequisite of its activities, since it is considered a full Union without it. But only after registration, the Union will acquire legal personality, can enter into a civil relationship.

Advice 3: How to join a Union

In Soviet Russia in the Union consisted of all who worked. It was self-evident: if there is work, that is, a Union. The main advantage was tours, resorts, camps for workers and their families. In our day the Union is to protect workers ' rights. The main activity comes from the trade unions of large enterprises. But office workers, mainly, are outside the trade Union life, although it can also unite and create a Union.
How to join a Union
Instruction
1
Find out whether your company trade Union organization. If Yes, write a statement about taking you to the Union, pay membership fee. After the decision of the Committee you become a full member of the organization, as evidenced by the results of trade Union ticket.
2
If there is no trade Union, create it yourself. To do this, find like-minded people, there should be at least 3 people. Decide what division of the existing trade Union organization you will join. Many unions are good websites and useful information to them, you'll find what you need.
How to join a Union
3
Examine the Charter of that trade Union, which chose. Let's see who he brings together, the rights and obligations of the members of this organization. Find out about their activities, what real help from them and more.
4
Report directly to the Union or to the territorial office of its decision. Here solve organizational questions and get advice. Submit all the necessary documents and wait for a response.
5
Collect and conduct the constituent Assembly, which selects the Union Committee. At the same meeting a petition of trade Union membership, form governing and Supervisory bodies. The participants also write the Declaration to the trade Union and a statement in the accounting – on the levying of membership fees (about 1% of salary).

Advice 4: How to write a letter to the Union

The Union is a form of voluntary Association of citizens. The aim of trade unions is collective protection of their rights and interests. Trade unions seek to improve working conditions, its payment, including payment of overtime and overtime hours, restrictions in working hours, abolition of penalties to workers (such as fines), protection from unlawful dismissal. Importance mandatory vacation, medical and social insurance, the employer's compliance with sanitary and hygienic norms at the workplace.
How to write a letter to the Union
Instruction
1
So you've decided to join a Union. For this purpose the company where you work should be the primary trade Union organization. Then you'll need to write two statements. One of them directly to the trade Union Committee with the request that you received in the trade-Union organization, and the other in accounting, what would you pay membership trade-Union dues. Both statements must be transmitted to the Union Committee.
2
Then it is necessary that trade-Union Committee or Union meeting on the basis of your statements, adopted the decision on admission to membership of the Union. After that you will be able to get a Union card which is supposed to have.
3
It is possible that Your company is not a Union organization. In this case, build it jointly with other workers. Can unite at least three people.
4
For this you need to learn about the rules of the Union you want to join, please read carefully the regulations on the primary trade Union organization. Next, inform the organization of the same Union, located in your territory (city, district) on the desire to create new primary trade-Union organization and negotiate.
5
If the territorial organisation decided and established your primary organization, be sure there is the General constituent Assembly, which will be formed by the governing bodies of your organization and the audit. Further, according to the above scheme participants, in accordance with the established procedure, write statements
Note
Trade unions unite three categories of citizens: workers, temporarily employed and pensioners. Workers are citizens who have reached 14 years of age who, in accordance with the labor contract, work, or receive vocational education citizens.
Temporarily not working are the citizens who temporarily perform labour activities (in the period when the employment relationship preserved); citizens who lost their jobs through no fault of their reasons (liquidation or reorganization of institutions, staff reduction).
Pensioners are former employees who previously was a Union man and retired.
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