Advice 1: What is syntactic parallelism

Syntactic parallelism is a construction in which multiple adjacent sentences constructed with the same syntactic structure, constructed in the same sequence. Pupils and students are often asked to find this design in the proposals, but it needs to know precisely its distinctive character.
What is syntactic parallelism
The syntax of the Russian language has a huge selection of fine tools. And the special place it occupies in the possibility of constructing the sentence according to the concurrency.Due to the special structure and create rhythm parallelism became widespread in the poetic texts. This technique gives the opportunity of the speech to Express a variety of emotional shades that give it a dreamy sadness, anticipation, happiness, poetiziruet and fill in other copyright images.To distinguish between "parallel syntax" can be consistent-use the same designs, as a rule, without any subordination. Perhaps the use of coordinating conjunctions, but most authors use punctuation marks: a comma, a dash, a semicolon.In poetic language we can meet and strophic parallelism, and rhythmic, and antimetry, and in folklore a possible special form of the parallelism isa - negative concurrency.Particularly common reception syntactic parallelismas in the English texts, and referring to any genre. English text it is inherent within a sentence and of a paragraph or period. This is important because Russian syntax is the split design considers a mistake, a violation of logic of presentation, a stylistic error.An example is a sentence with homogeneous members: Better a little fire to warm us, than a great one to burn us. Of course, in translation it is necessary to maintain the desired symmetry of sentence structure: Better a little fire that warm us, than we burn.The fact that the Russian, like the English of the speech inherent in such a fine reception as syntactic parallelism, it is not surprising. After all, its roots come from ancient sources of world literature: ancient rhetoric, Hebrew poetry, intended for Christian worship, from the Psalms, from medieval German verse from the Finnish epos "Kalevala". It is believed that these languages have absorbed all the diversity of language groups in the world at the expense of sociability of people.

Advice 2: The phrase as a syntactic unit

Syntax is a branch of linguistics that studies and formulates rules for the construction of coherent speech. Syntactic units are considered to be phrases and simple sentences.
The phrase as a syntactic unit
The phrase is the use of two or more words by using coordinating or subordinating relations. One of them is main, and the rest - dependent. From the main you can ask a question, answer to which will be dependent words.

The structure of different simple and complex phrases. Simple are phrases that consist of two words but if the phrase two or more words, it is complex. In simple phrases there is a strong bond of the main word with a dependent and complex because of several subordinating relations, the weaker it becomes. Academic grammar allows for simple phrases up to four words.

There are two types of phrase according to the degree of cohesion of the components. The free are those syntactic phrases that are easily divided into component parts, and syntactically non — free- form an irreducible unity. Usually, a syntactically non-free word combinations are in the proposal of a single member and is not to be used separately from each other: three stools, a lot of time.

The type of coordinating communication distinguish between complete and incomplete phrases. In full expressions of all grammatical categories are the same, but incomplete dependent words are like the forms of the main.

In addition, the phrase also differ in compatibility. They distinguish two types: free and not free. Proprietary, in turn, are also divided into proprietary idiomatic and syntactically.

Subordinating communication is the connection of unequal parts. She always closed, and the means of its expression are means of communication, forms of words, intonation and lexical means.

One of the types of subordinating connection is considered to be approval. In the phrase when negotiating all of the dependent word are in the same gender, number and case, as the key word. But negotiation can be partial, when the words match only the number and case: "our doctor."

The office also refers to subordinating relationships. Dependent words when management take the same form, which dictates the key word. Under strong management the key word determines the appearance of the necessary case forms, and while not the weak.

Another types of subordinating connection is considered a connection. The dependent word when it shows his dependence on the main word only the lexical value. Forms of inflected words it does not Express syntactic dependencies: to do quickly.
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