Advice 1: How to gild clock

Every family has its heirlooms, which over the years lose their luster. However, don't be sad when inherited hours peel off the gold – in fact any thing can be made to Shine again. Tarnished jewelry is easy to return to its former brightness, you should only stock up on certain chemical reagents.
How to gild clock
You will need
  • - gold – 10 g;
  • - nitric acid – 25 g;
  • - hydrochloric acid – 25 g;
  • - potassium cyanide – 25 g;
  • - cream of Tartar – 5 g;
  • - chalk – 100 g;
  • - potash – 300 g;
  • - an iron pot – 1 PCs;
  • - water – 2 liters;
  • - soda – 20 g;
  • - the potassium hydroxide – 6 g;
  • - vospominaniia salt – 10 g;
  • nitrate – 60 g;
  • - iron sulfate – 20 g;
  • - sernokislaja salt – 10 g;
  • dry cloth;
  • brush for gilding – 1 PC.
If you want to gild iron or steel product, connect, diluted nitric and hydrochloric acid, and then dissolve the gold in this mixture. Add the solution of potash, and pour it into an iron pot filled with two liters of water. Boil the obtained solution of chloride of gold in two hours, and then evaporate it. Connect the mixture of cyanide and chalk.
To watch degreased, wipe them with a cloth inscribed with soda. Then use the brush to evenly coat the product with a solution of chloride of gold, potassium cyanide and chalk. Then carefully remove the excess liquid and let gilt so hours to dry.
To gild zinc clock by adding to the aforesaid solution of cream of Tartar. And in order to make the product Shine copper or brass, pour in chloride of gold solution of potassium hydroxide and posterolaterally of salt. The resulting mixture should be heated to a boil, and then immerse it in the subject. After this the clock should be allowed to dry and then Polish them with a dry cloth.
To refresh the Shine of gold-plated watch, connect saltpeter, vitriol and zerocalorie salt. Heat the mixture to a boil and lower it product. After this the clock should be dried on open fire until they are covered with dark film. Then rinse it – and you will see how the thing will Shine again.
With gold you can experiment. If you try to paint over metal with a quill pen dipped in chlorine solution of gold, on the watch surface will show through the gold pattern. To gild so you can not only watch but also any other item or decoration.
When working with chemicals, remember that they are very dangerous to health. Protect skin with gloves. Avoid contact with harmful substances on skin and eyes. Carry out all chemical work or while running hood or in a well ventilated area.
Useful advice
To work went down the drain, use first a small amount of reagents. If the solution is spoiled, don't worry – save it in a separate container, then to distinguish the gold from there.

Advice 2 : How to Polish gold

Jewelry made of gold look dignified when taking care of them. They not only Shine yourself, but also make Shine the eyes of their owners. Brooches, rings, earrings, pendants – all they require from time to time cleaning and polishing.
How to Polish gold
Best Polish gold jewelry in the jewelry salon. For this there is a special paste with which achieve perfect results. But this service is not free.
The easiest and effective way to bring back the Shine of gold jewelry at home is to Polish it with a napkin impregnated with special compounds. These wipes are sold in any Department that sells jewelry or jewelry.
Another method to clean gold jewelry with toothpaste. Apply a thin layer of paste on the product and Polish with a cotton swab. You can use for this purpose and a toothbrush – it is better to clean the dirt out of small recesses. We should not forget that toothbrush, even though she copes with hard-to-reach places bristles stronger effect on the surface of the jewelry. Such polishing is more aggressive.
Instead of toothpaste you can use tooth powder, talcum powder or powder. The selected product should be applied on a cotton swab or soft cloth to RUB the ornament, and then Polish it another clean soft cloth. It should be remembered that the selected remedy is for gold abrasive, so it is better to choose funds with very small particles.
You can apply for a gold product layer of an ordinary lipstick, and then Polish with a cloth, cotton swab or soft paper.
In order to Polish the product with a large number of recesses (e.g., earrings) or just decoration, exposed to excessive pollution, must pre-clear it. Any cleaning, irrespective of the option no has been selected, it ends up polishing the jewelry with a soft cloth.
Laundry soap, grated on a grater and diluted with water (tablespoon of soap to a glass of water) to prepare the decoration for polishing. Should be omitted if the product is in solution and "cook" for a few minutes.
Cleans gold jewelry ammonia. It smells not so great, but cleans great. Need to drop off the decorations and give the time to back up all the dirt. After the gold is washed and rubbed with a soft cloth.

Advice 3 : How to gild metal

Beautiful gilding can give a luxurious look to the metal product.
Gold called the art of applying a thin layer of metal on a solid surface. Basically, this term refers to the gold, but it is also applicable for other metals such as silver, copper, bronze. A small metal surface it is possible to gild with gold leaf.
How to gild metal
You will need
  • Decorated surface;
  • owner of gold leaf;
  • kolinsky brush;
  • suede cushion;
  • knife;
  • cotton gloves;
  • shellac;
  • water;
  • ethyl alcohol;
  • a cotton cloth.
Gold leaf comes in the form of a thin sheets collected in a book. Each sheet is lined with tissue paper. Gold leaf may vary, depending on the presence of additional impurities. To purchase this material better in specialized stores which guarantee the quality of the product. The sheet must be free of creases, holes and other defects.
The metal surface requires preparation. If the place is subjected to plating, uneven, it should be sanded. After sanding clean the surface from dust and degrease with acetone.
Surface gold leaf may be accidentally scratched. To avoid this, treat the metal with a special compound before plating. As a protective layer can be applied shellac which is a resin of organic origin.
To the Golden leaf lies flat and is well bonded, the surface should be moistened. Prepare a mixture of two thirds water and one third ethyl alcohol. Using a soft brush to lightly moisten the surface of the metal. Do not moisturize too much, otherwise finished surface may lose its Shine. After that you should immediately begin applying the gold leaf.
Sheets it is not advisable to touch with bare hands. For these purposes, stock up on cotton gloves. Lightly blow on the book. Extreme sheet will pop up and you will be able to remove it with a special knife. The knife should be pre-treated with alcohol. Lay the leaf on leather or suede pillow. Then cut it with a knife into squares that correspond to the size of the decorated sites.
Carefully transfer the sheet metal. Using kolinsky brushes press gold leaf to the surface and smooth it. In this way, treat all the desired areas of the product. When you have finished processing, let the decorated surface to dry completely. Then wipe the metal cotton fabric.
It is not advisable to carry out gilding in a dusty environment.
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