Advice 1: How to determine cardinal directions in a compass

Situations in life happen different, and it happens that the light needed to quickly identify, without even leaving the apartment. What should one do in such a case, if you have no compass? First of all, do not despair and try to get out of the situation, using absolutely simple, but not less ingenious ways.
How to determine cardinal directions in a compass
Instruction
1
The first thing that comes to mind to go to the neighbors. If you live in an apartment building, it is quite possible that your neighbors living here for a longer time, know where is South and where the North and with pleasure will tell about it.
2
If you want to determine the part of the world, while in his apartment, on their own, just watch where and how each morning rises the sun. From any window on any side this can be determined at least approximately. Accordingly, if the sight of you is the South, then the right hand will be West, on the left is the East, and back North. However, that's not an accurate calculation, because the sun is in constant motion. What to do if you need accurate information?
3
If your service is available worldwide network, to determine the part of the world via the Internet. To do this, find a map of your own city where you want to make your address. After receiving the printout from their own home, which is always specified side of the world, looking out the window, can navigate very easy.
4
Another method using a conventional mechanical watch arrow. This method is suitable only if the day is fairly Sunny. So, aim the hour hand directly at the sun, and divide the angle between this arrow and the numeral 1 if it is winter, and 2 - if it's summer. This bisector will point directly to the South.
5
If you need to determine which side of light at night, it can be done, looking at the starry sky from the balcony. If you manage to find the North star, please note that it shines in the North. Looking for this star is easy: first, you need to look for in the sky the constellation URSA major. Second, we perform a conditional straight line passing through two extreme stars of the Big dipper. This conditional direct five times note the same distance as the distance between the last two stars. It will Shine the North star. Stand up to face her: on the right is East and left is West.

Advice 2: How to determine directions without a compass

There is no more accurate way to determine sides of the world, than navigating with the compass. Scientists believe that this amazing device was invented in China over 4000 years ago. But imagine the situation, no compass, and the direction to calculate vital. What to do? Most importantly no retreat, no surrender!
How to determine directions without a compass
Instruction
1
The most reliable way to navigate in unfamiliar terrain is to find in the sky the North star. Of course, I mean that on the street the night, and the sky overhead clear. How does the star look? Very simple! To begin with we find the characteristic shape of "Big dipper", also called the bucket. Now mentally connect the two outer stars of our "bucket" with a straight line. Using the imagination, we will hold the line on and measure out on her for another five the same distance as between our two stars. Here we find the North star, which, if you stand her face always points North! Next trick: back South, left the West well and East to the right.
How to determine directions without a compass
2
And what to do during the day? By day we navigate by the sun. At noon the sun is at the Zenith and points South. Sunrise is always in the East, and sunset, respectively, in the West. But there is another method of determining the cardinal points by the sun. For this you need a normal wrist watch. Point the small hour hand to the sun. The smaller sector between that hand and 12 hours split into 2 parts. Mentally draw a line that shows you where the South.
How to determine directions without a compass
3
Another way of determining direction is to look closely at the trees. Please note that one side of the tree almost always has a greater number of branches, and branches on this side longer. All life is drawn to light and the sun. Long branches pointing to the South. Moss, conversely, hiding from the sun, so it grows mostly on the opposite North side. And if you find the stump, with well-selected annual rings, then pay attention to their width. On the South side of the distance between them more. The bark of the birch on the North side is darker than South.
How to determine directions without a compass
4
Side light can be determined by the shape of a regular ant. Like all insects the ants need warmth, so the side of the nest facing South is flatter. But on the North side of the nest is usually located a tree or a stone, which protect the colony from cold.

Advice 3: How to determine the apartment directions

To use the principles of Feng Shui you need to know quite accurately the direction of the compass. According to this Eastern practice of symbolic exploration of space, this knowledge will allow you to make your city apartment harmony, peace and comfort, joy and prosperity. But what if you have no compass, and the location of the horizon is unknown? Do not hurry to say goodbye to dreams of achieving harmony in your home.
How to determine the apartment directions
You will need
  • A watch with hands and dial, Sun; the North star
Instruction
1
The first method is based on the fact that at the latitude of Central Russia the Sun is approximately at 7 a.m. in the East, in 13 hours - in the South, in 19 hours - West. Guided by this information, you can easily determine the part of the light in the apartment, of course, in bright Sunny weather.
2
To more accurately navigate day-star will help you dial watches. Position the watch horizontally. Install the hour hand so that it was aimed exactly at the Sun. Divide the angle between the hour hand and the direction to the mark 1 hour in half with a straight line. This line indicates the direction to the South.
Definition of cardinal by the hour and the Sun up to 13 hours
3
To determine the direction to the South, keep in mind that up to 12 hours a day is divided in half the angle that the hour hand must pass before the hour of the day. After 12 hours of the day you need to divide in half the arc that the arrow passed after the hour of the day.
Definition of cardinal by the hour and the Sun after 13 hours
4
In a clear and cloudless night you can simply define the horizon for the stars. Look in the sky the constellation URSA major resembling a dipper. Take two extreme stars bucket direct. Five times put on this straight line equal to the distance between the stars. The end of the fifth segment will be the indication of the North star, that is to the North. This is the end star in the little dipper.
5
If near your house is an Orthodox Church, it will also help you to identify directions. The fact that Church buildings are always oriented to the horizon. Omitted end of the lower crossbar of the cross on the dome of the Church facing South, and the edge of the crossbar, which is raised to the North. The Church altar is on the East.
Useful advice
"Feng Shui urban apartment, Richard Webster, 2005

Advice 4: How to define the South without a compass

There is a belief that the compass is an indispensable device for orienteering. However, it is not so. In anyone's life a situation may arise when you need to determine North, South, East and West without a compass. It is not too difficult and with some training can do even a child. Is important to know what methods are available to determine the cardinal directions. The most popular of these is the determination of the direction of the sun, using a wristwatch, the stars and natural signs.
How to define the South without a compass
Instruction
1
If you get up at noon back to the sun, straight ahead is North. On your right is East and left is West. Behind you, respectively, will be South. Recall that at noon the sun is at the highest point of the day, called the Zenith. You have to understand that during the day the sun is always South of you.
2
You can also define the southern direction with a simple mechanical wrist watches. It is necessary to send the hour hand at the sun, and then divide in half the angle formed by the hour hand and the numeral "one" in the winter or number two in the summer. The resulting direction of the ray that divides the angle in half will point South. But this method has some error, the error is particularly significant if you are in summer in the southern regions of the country.
3
There is another way to determine the direction of the sun. It is necessary in Sunny weather to stick a stick in the ground and mark the position of the end of the shadow. After 20-30 minutes, again mark the position of the end of the shadow. A line drawn between these points indicates the direction from West to East.
4
At night, the orientation is carried out by the stars. The main point of reference in the sky is the North star. To find it, find the constellations Big and little dipper. If you hold in your mind the line between the two outermost stars of the Big dipper and extend that line to the first bright stars of URSA Minor, we find the North star. While facing the North star, you will be looking directly North. Behind you will be South.
5
Also the southern direction can be determined by natural features. The berries sing faster on the South side, the ant hills have a gentle slope on the South side, the trees more light and also smooth on the South side. In turn, various mosses and lichens predominate on the North side of rocks and trees. In the spring the snow melts faster on the South side of the hill.
Useful advice
When determining directions without a compass it is advisable to focus on several of the described characteristics.

Advice 5: How to determine cardinal directions on the clock

In order to navigate the terrain, you first need to determinewhich direction are the parties of light. If you have no compass, on a Sunny day or moonlit night in high latitudes, it can replace the wrist watch with hands.
How to determine cardinal directions on the clock
Instruction
1
To determine the side light on the o'clock, point the hour hand at the sun. For greater accuracy, and can focus on the shadows of the vertically standing object, a tree, a pole, plumb. Set the arrow parallel to this shadow.
2
Taking into account summer and daylight saving time in Russia the sun is in the South at 14 hours in summer and 13 hours in winter. Mentally divide in half the angle between the hour hand and the direction to numbers 2 or 1, depending on the time of year is the bisector indicate the direction to the South. This method is more accurate, the farther from the equator. In the mid-latitudes during summer, the error of this method can reach 20 degrees. In the southern hemisphere in a manner determined by the direction of the North.
3
If you do not have watches with hands, the dial can be drawn as precisely as possible trying to break it down into sectors in the upper right quadrant. Instead of a clockwise swipe from the direction of the sun.
4
To determine the location of the parties to the lights at night, you first need to calculate where should be the sun. To do this, visualize the full moon, spend its radius and divide it into 6 parts. Look at the actual Crescent moon and count how many of these parts may be contained in the visible part of the lunar disk. The number remember.
5
Note by the clock the exact time. If the moon is waning (the sickle resembles the letter S – "old") time of observation add to the resulting number, if it is moving take. You have a new number. Mark it on the watch dial and point the mark on the moon. Then mentally draw an angle, one side of which is the direction to the moon and the other the number 2 or summer 1 in winter, and divide it in half in the same way as when navigating by the sun. The bisector will point in the direction South.
Note
In determining the cardinal hold the watch horizontally.
Useful advice
To determine the moon is increasing or decreasing, you can use simple tips: if the Crescent moon resembles the letter C – the moon is decreasing, "old". If the Crescent moon is to mentally add a vertical bar, and then he will look like the letter P – the moon growing "young".

Advice 6: How to identify the North star

North star is located above the North point of the horizon in the Northern hemisphere. This allows you to use it to define the sides of the horizon. If you find yourself in unfamiliar territory without a compass, the ability to find the Polar star will help you to properly navigate the terrain.
How to identify the North star
Instruction
1
In a cloudless clear night look at the sky and try to find the bright constellation that looks like a big dipper. This typical configuration of seven bright stars known as the constellation URSA major. Four stars make up the "handle" of the dipper, and another three for its location reminiscent of the bucket, which is a parallelogram. Most of the stars that make up the bucket, have the brilliance of the second magnitude, and only one (Megrez) is the third.
2
Mentally select two stars of the parallelogram, located on the side opposite the "handle" of the bucket. The stars Dubhe and Merak (respectively "alpha" and "beta" of the constellation of the Great bear); they form the wall of the bucket and has long been called "Pointers". Swipe through them up a slightly curved line.
3
On mental line through Merak and Dubhe, put five times the cut is equal to the distance between the two stars. The end of such cut will be approximately at the location of the Polar star.
4
In order to verify the correctness of the finding of the Polar star, you should know that it is the endpoint of the handle of the small dipper constellation the little dipper. North star practically does not change its location in the sky, that is fixed in the daily rotation of the Earth. The rest of the stars forming the little dipper, rotate around this point.
5
Finding the Polar star, you can not only find out where North is, but rather accurately set the geographic latitude, in which there are. To do this, take a protractor and a plumb line (string with weight), which fasten in the centre of the protractor.
6
Now move the base of the protractor on the Polar star. From the angle between the base of the device and a plumb subtract 90 degrees. The result will be equal to the angle between the star and the horizon. Since the polar star is just one degree inclined from the axis of the pole of the world, then you found the angle between the star and the horizon will be the latitude of the area.
Note
Interesting fact: the North star is a supergiant. Its distance to Earth is approximately 472 light-years. Much time is required light beam to pass the distance. So today we see the North star as it was in the days of Christopher Columbus.

Advice 7: How to determine where North is in the apartment

To determine on which side of the window of the apartment, you may want not just the one who decided to arrange the furniture according to Feng Shui. Some plants grow well on the young side, but I feel so bad for North. Sensitive sides may be those plants that you might like to see on your balcony. To determine the light in the apartment in several ways.
How to determine where North is in the apartment
You will need
  • - compass;
  • - satellite Navigator;
  • - technical passport for the apartment.
Instruction
1
You can contact the Bureau of technical inventory and to make a technical passport for the apartment. There are specified area, number of rooms, their location. Such a passport may be needed for many purposes. But it's pretty expensive, and if it is desired solely to determine sides of the world, to order it is hardly worth it.
2
Use a compass. Looking at his dial, you will see Russian or Latin letters. North is indicated by either a Russian letter, or a Latin N – nord. You will also see arrow, single or double. Stand in the middle of the room and place the compass horizontally. The simple travel compass, it is necessary to combine the arrowhead with the letters N or S. the compass can be on the handle of the knife, the lighter, the watch strap. It is possible to install only the direction of the North, but in this case this is what is required. The standard tourist compass. you must move the locking device.
3
Many now have electronic compasses. In this situation, they, like the navigation is less convenient, but still work. Typically, an electronic compass is mounted in the electronic watch. Turn them from time mode to the compass mode, take a few steps around the room and look at the screen. You can use a satellite Navigator. Such compasses determine a person's status relative to the cardinal directions only in motion, so you'll have some time to walk around the apartment in different directions until you find that moving straight North.
4
If there is no compass, determine the directions by the sun. It is believed that the sun rises and sets due East and West, but in fact this is true only for spring and autumn. In the summer the sun rises in the South-East and sets in the southwest. In winter, the points of sunrise and sunset are respectively in the North-East and North-West. Determine what time of day the sun peeks into your window. Get up to the window face. If the light it gets in the morning, North is to your left, if in the evening something right.
5
The sun entering your window around noon, then the light can be determined with the help of a pencil. Place it vertically on the windowsill, his shadow. This shadow will point due North.

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Advice 8: How to define cardinal directions by the sun

Modern navigation devices allow you to accurately navigate the terrain. However, they have one significant drawback: they require energy sources. When you are required to look for other ways to determine its location is not so rare. One of the most common ways is the orientation of the sun.
How to define cardinal directions by the sun
You will need
  • - mechanical or Electromechanical watch.
  • - map of the area.
Instruction
1
Going camping, bring the usual clock arrow. Better if they are mechanical, because they do not depend on batteries. You can use Electromechanical in a waterproof case. Before you embark on a journey to change their battery. To verify the standard is necessary in any case.
2
Locate location of any perceptible object. It can be a train station, a large building, pond, etc., the Object must be marked on the map.
3
Position the dial so that the hour hand pointed to the sun. Being in a country where the common time more or less corresponds to the astronomical mentally continue the line from the center of the dial to the figure 12. If it happens in Russia, where the afternoon begins 2 hours later than it should be at a reasonable time, conduct a mental line in the direction of figure 2. It happened because long ago it was established daylight savings time when added to an astronomical hour. In addition, after the termination of the transfer time is left of summer, which added another hour.
4
The angle between the hour hand and the direction to the corresponding number, divide in half. This will be the direction South. Knowing your location relative to this part of the lights, define the other.
5
Become South face. Behind you, of course, would be the North. On the left is West and right is East. So side lights are located on a standard printed map.
6
Put a map of the area so defined by the clock direction to the South coincided with the appropriate direction on the map. Find the next point on your route. It must be as noticeable, and route to it route. On rough terrain they rarely get to from one point to another could be reached in a straight line. You will have to bypass some obstacles. That's why you need to control your position on every reference point.
7
Directions you can determine without mechanical watches. They are used only as a device for determining time. At noon on astronomical time, stand with your back to the sun. Your shadow will show you the North direction in the Northern hemisphere. In the South it's the opposite.
Note
Note that the Meridian line that divides the angle between the hour hand and the direction to 12 o'clock in half, may be on either side of 12 o'clock depending on the time of day.
Useful advice
The position of the cardinal points of the sun can be determined another time. At 6 a.m. on astronomical time, it is in the East, 9 in the South — East, 12 South, 15 in the South-West, and 18 in the West. The method of orientation by sun and hours are fairly accurate, but possibly combine it with others. If there are trees nearby, pay attention to which side they are covered with moss. This is the North side. The same resin from coniferous trees in hot weather more liberally on the South side. The South side is often an anthill.

Advice 9: How to determine where South without a compass

The ability to navigate the terrain, you should definitely learn if you go camping or on a trip. To determine without a compass, where is the South in different ways depending on your location, weather conditions, time of day and year.
How to determine where South without a compass
You will need
  • watch;
  • - the knife.
Instruction
1
If you have a clock, wait until 13 o'clock: at this time, the objects cast the shortest shadow, directed strictly to the North. On a Sunny day to see the shadows easily, and in cloudy weather, put on the nail the knife in any case you will see a small shadow which will help to find the sun.
2
In order to determine the location of the South early in the morning, look at where the sun rose. Stand facing the sunrise, the South will be on the right. Using this method, please note that in summer, sunrise is in the North-East, the South will be slightly behind to the right, and in the South-East, South in this case will be located a little ahead on the right.
3
Similarly, determine the location of the South in the evening, at sunset. Face the setting sun, South will be on the left (in the summer – just ahead, and in winter a little behind).
4
If you have a mechanical watch, point the hour hand at the sun. Then divide the angle formed between the numeral 1 on the dial and the hour hand in half. Bisector of the angle will point to the South. Note that sharing should always be an acute angle.
5
Night try to determine the position of the compass on the North star. To do this, locate the Big dipper and the two rightmost stars draw an imaginary line. On continuing to put five times the distance between these stars. Here is the North star, turn your back to it – before you South.
6
If you need to determine the position of the South in the full moon, stand up to the moon's South will be behind you. The moon, in the first quarter (the edge of the "sickle" to the left) will be located exactly in the South at 20 hours, in the last quarter of it will point to the South at 8 am.
7
Early spring view which side the faster the snow melts. If you saw that one side of the ravine the snow is gone, cleared one side of the stone or wood – boldly concludes that the South is on this side. In this case, note that the selected object must be open access to the sun.
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