Advice 1: How to determine cardinal directions in a compass

Situations in life happen different, and it happens that the light needed to quickly identify, without even leaving the apartment. What should one do in such a case, if you have no compass? First of all, do not despair and try to get out of the situation, using absolutely simple, but not less ingenious ways.
How to determine cardinal directions in a compass
Instruction
1
The first thing that comes to mind to go to the neighbors. If you live in an apartment building, it is quite possible that your neighbors living here for a longer time, know where is South and where the North and with pleasure will tell about it.
2
If you want to determine the part of the world, while in his apartment, on their own, just watch where and how each morning rises the sun. From any window on any side this can be determined at least approximately. Accordingly, if the sight of you is the South, then the right hand will be West, on the left is the East, and back North. However, that's not an accurate calculation, because the sun is in constant motion. What to do if you need accurate information?
3
If your service is available worldwide network, to determine the part of the world via the Internet. To do this, find a map of your own city where you want to make your address. After receiving the printout from their own home, which is always specified side of the world, looking out the window, can navigate very easy.
4
Another method using a conventional mechanical watch arrow. This method is suitable only if the day is fairly Sunny. So, aim the hour hand directly at the sun, and divide the angle between this arrow and the numeral 1 if it is winter, and 2 - if it's summer. This bisector will point directly to the South.
5
If you need to determine which side of light at night, it can be done, looking at the starry sky from the balcony. If you manage to find the North star, please note that it shines in the North. Looking for this star is easy: first, you need to look for in the sky the constellation URSA major. Second, we perform a conditional straight line passing through two extreme stars of the Big dipper. This conditional direct five times note the same distance as the distance between the last two stars. It will Shine the North star. Stand up to face her: on the right is East and left is West.

Advice 2 : How to determine directions without a compass

There is no more accurate way to determine sides of the world, than navigating with the compass. Scientists believe that this amazing device was invented in China over 4000 years ago. But imagine the situation, no compass, and the direction to calculate vital. What to do? Most importantly no retreat, no surrender!
How to determine directions without a compass
Instruction
1
The most reliable way to navigate in unfamiliar terrain is to find in the sky the North star. Of course, I mean that on the street the night, and the sky overhead clear. How does the star look? Very simple! To begin with we find the characteristic shape of "Big dipper", also called the bucket. Now mentally connect the two outer stars of our "bucket" with a straight line. Using the imagination, we will hold the line on and measure out on her for another five the same distance as between our two stars. Here we find the North star, which, if you stand her face always points North! Next trick: back South, left the West well and East to the right.
How to determine directions without a compass
2
And what to do during the day? By day we navigate by the sun. At noon the sun is at the Zenith and points South. Sunrise is always in the East, and sunset, respectively, in the West. But there is another method of determining the cardinal points by the sun. For this you need a normal wrist watch. Point the small hour hand to the sun. The smaller sector between that hand and 12 hours split into 2 parts. Mentally draw a line that shows you where the South.
How to determine directions without a compass
3
Another way of determining direction is to look closely at the trees. Please note that one side of the tree almost always has a greater number of branches, and branches on this side longer. All life is drawn to light and the sun. Long branches pointing to the South. Moss, conversely, hiding from the sun, so it grows mostly on the opposite North side. And if you find the stump, with well-selected annual rings, then pay attention to their width. On the South side of the distance between them more. The bark of the birch on the North side is darker than South.
How to determine directions without a compass
4
Side light can be determined by the shape of a regular ant. Like all insects the ants need warmth, so the side of the nest facing South is flatter. But on the North side of the nest is usually located a tree or a stone, which protect the colony from cold.

Advice 3 : How to determine where the North

The ability to determine where is the North without instruments, often helps out the travelers, the lost tourists and mushroom pickers. None of us is immune from that, not to get lost somewhere, this ability to navigate by the cardinal directions are taught in high school.
Compass - a device that helps people navigate
Instruction
1
The easiest way to navigate by compass. The device must be placed on a flat horizontal surface so that the arrow can freely fluctuate. Wait until it stops. Now the blue end of the compass is pointing North, red South. For convenience, define other sides gently rotate the compass so that the blue arrow was showing on the letter N on the scale of the instrument.
2
On a cloudless night in NorthMr. hemisphere, you can locate the Northand with the help of the Polar star. The North star is the brightest star in the constellation URSA Minor. It is located at the end of the "handle" of the dipper constellation. To find the constellation URSA Minor, the easiest way to find the big dipper the Big dipper and mentally to continue on the right side of the bucket up. You stumble directly into the North star. In the southern hemisphere in the night guided by the southern cross constellation, which points to the North star of her top with some error. To determine more precisely the North, pay attention to the two stars to the left of the southern cross, the North is about halfway between them.
3
In the forest they can look at the ant hills - it flat side facing South. And the nests are located on the South side of the tree trunk. Rocks, stumps, tree trunks become overgrown with moss, mostly from the Northside.
4
In the mountains on the southern slopes grow more heat-loving trees than on the Northtion. In our latitudes in the North, which slopes mostly covered fir and spruce, and pines and oaks in the South. Hot summer in conifers in the trunk leaking resin, it stands on the South side of trees.
Useful advice
The way of finding the North star displayed graphically on the flag of Alaska.

Advice 4 : How to determine direction without a compass

Defining sides of light without the aid of the compass gives very approximate results. However, if there is no other way but to navigate you need to follow a few tips together.
How to determine direction without a compass
You will need
  • Observation
Instruction
1
To navigate in the space of a night, you need to find the North star. To do this, look in the starry sky, the Big Dipper – the seven stars forming the dipper. Through the two stars forming the outer "wall" of the dipper, draw a line and continue it up over the bucket, leaving the size of the "walls" of the bucket five times. On the cut end will be the North star that points North.
2
Day, not later than 18:00 will help you watch. Position them so that the hour hand pointed to the sun. The angle between it and the numeral 2 on the dial, divide in half. The dividing line will indicate the North and South: up to 14:00 is to the right of the sun, and then left. These determinants are valid for the territory of Russia.
3
Given the multiple uncertainties, it is possible to use natural tips. So, on the South side of pine trees produces more resin than the North. Nests are usually located to the South of the nearest trees and bushes and the southern side is flatter. On the South side, which is logical, in early spring, the snow melts faster on the slopes and rocks and gullies, respectively, faster than with the North. Berry plants ripen faster on the South side.
4
Mosses, lichens, and fungi often grow on the North side of trees and stumps. The soil in these areas will be more hydrated in the warm season.

Advice 5 : How to determine the apartment directions

To use the principles of Feng Shui you need to know quite accurately the direction of the compass. According to this Eastern practice of symbolic exploration of space, this knowledge will allow you to make your city apartment harmony, peace and comfort, joy and prosperity. But what if you have no compass, and the location of the horizon is unknown? Do not hurry to say goodbye to dreams of achieving harmony in your home.
How to determine the apartment directions
You will need
  • A watch with hands and dial, Sun; the North star
Instruction
1
The first method is based on the fact that at the latitude of Central Russia the Sun is approximately at 7 a.m. in the East, in 13 hours - in the South, in 19 hours - West. Guided by this information, you can easily determine the part of the light in the apartment, of course, in bright Sunny weather.
2
To more accurately navigate day-star will help you dial watches. Position the watch horizontally. Install the hour hand so that it was aimed exactly at the Sun. Divide the angle between the hour hand and the direction to the mark 1 hour in half with a straight line. This line indicates the direction to the South.
Definition of cardinal by the hour and the Sun up to 13 hours
3
To determine the direction to the South, keep in mind that up to 12 hours a day is divided in half the angle that the hour hand must pass before the hour of the day. After 12 hours of the day you need to divide in half the arc that the arrow passed after the hour of the day.
Definition of cardinal by the hour and the Sun after 13 hours
4
In a clear and cloudless night you can simply define the horizon for the stars. Look in the sky the constellation URSA major resembling a dipper. Take two extreme stars bucket direct. Five times put on this straight line equal to the distance between the stars. The end of the fifth segment will be the indication of the North star, that is to the North. This is the end star in the little dipper.
5
If near your house is an Orthodox Church, it will also help you to identify directions. The fact that Church buildings are always oriented to the horizon. Omitted end of the lower crossbar of the cross on the dome of the Church facing South, and the edge of the crossbar, which is raised to the North. The Church altar is on the East.
Useful advice
"Feng Shui urban apartment, Richard Webster, 2005

Advice 6 : How to define the South without a compass

There is a belief that the compass is an indispensable device for orienteering. However, it is not so. In anyone's life a situation may arise when you need to determine North, South, East and West without a compass. It is not too difficult and with some training can do even a child. Is important to know what methods are available to determine the cardinal directions. The most popular of these is the determination of the direction of the sun, using a wristwatch, the stars and natural signs.
How to define the South without a compass
Instruction
1
If you get up at noon back to the sun, straight ahead is North. On your right is East and left is West. Behind you, respectively, will be South. Recall that at noon the sun is at the highest point of the day, called the Zenith. You have to understand that during the day the sun is always South of you.
2
You can also define the southern direction with a simple mechanical wrist watches. It is necessary to send the hour hand at the sun, and then divide in half the angle formed by the hour hand and the numeral "one" in the winter or number two in the summer. The resulting direction of the ray that divides the angle in half will point South. But this method has some error, the error is particularly significant if you are in summer in the southern regions of the country.
3
There is another way to determine the direction of the sun. It is necessary in Sunny weather to stick a stick in the ground and mark the position of the end of the shadow. After 20-30 minutes, again mark the position of the end of the shadow. A line drawn between these points indicates the direction from West to East.
4
At night, the orientation is carried out by the stars. The main point of reference in the sky is the North star. To find it, find the constellations Big and little dipper. If you hold in your mind the line between the two outermost stars of the Big dipper and extend that line to the first bright stars of URSA Minor, we find the North star. While facing the North star, you will be looking directly North. Behind you will be South.
5
Also the southern direction can be determined by natural features. The berries sing faster on the South side, the ant hills have a gentle slope on the South side, the trees more light and also smooth on the South side. In turn, various mosses and lichens predominate on the North side of rocks and trees. In the spring the snow melts faster on the South side of the hill.
Useful advice
When determining directions without a compass it is advisable to focus on several of the described characteristics.

Advice 7 : How to determine where North is in the apartment

To determine on which side of the window of the apartment, you may want not just the one who decided to arrange the furniture according to Feng Shui. Some plants grow well on the young side, but I feel so bad for North. Sensitive sides may be those plants that you might like to see on your balcony. To determine the light in the apartment in several ways.
How to determine where North is in the apartment
You will need
  • - compass;
  • - satellite Navigator;
  • - technical passport for the apartment.
Instruction
1
You can contact the Bureau of technical inventory and to make a technical passport for the apartment. There are specified area, number of rooms, their location. Such a passport may be needed for many purposes. But it's pretty expensive, and if it is desired solely to determine sides of the world, to order it is hardly worth it.
2
Use a compass. Looking at his dial, you will see Russian or Latin letters. North is indicated by either a Russian letter, or a Latin N – nord. You will also see arrow, single or double. Stand in the middle of the room and place the compass horizontally. The simple travel compass, it is necessary to combine the arrowhead with the letters N or S. the compass can be on the handle of the knife, the lighter, the watch strap. It is possible to install only the direction of the North, but in this case this is what is required. The standard tourist compass. you must move the locking device.
3
Many now have electronic compasses. In this situation, they, like the navigation is less convenient, but still work. Typically, an electronic compass is mounted in the electronic watch. Turn them from time mode to the compass mode, take a few steps around the room and look at the screen. You can use a satellite Navigator. Such compasses determine a person's status relative to the cardinal directions only in motion, so you'll have some time to walk around the apartment in different directions until you find that moving straight North.
4
If there is no compass, determine the directions by the sun. It is believed that the sun rises and sets due East and West, but in fact this is true only for spring and autumn. In the summer the sun rises in the South-East and sets in the southwest. In winter, the points of sunrise and sunset are respectively in the North-East and North-West. Determine what time of day the sun peeks into your window. Get up to the window face. If the light it gets in the morning, North is to your left, if in the evening something right.
5
The sun entering your window around noon, then the light can be determined with the help of a pencil. Place it vertically on the windowsill, his shadow. This shadow will point due North.

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Advice 8 : How to identify the map directions

The need to identify on the map light side due to the fact that the compilers of the charts, especially electronic charts often neglect the need to specify at least the major part of the world. So if you corresponding a geography lesson at school was sick, you have time to think, where is the map North, and South.
How to identify the map directions
You will need
  • - an electronic or paper card.
Instruction
1
To locate the cardinal directions on the map, try to turn. If the map is not rotated, but is fixed in one position, you can safely conclude that North up, South down, East right and West left. If necessary, determine a secondary side of the world: North-East in the upper right corner of the screen, the Southeast in the lower right, North-West in the upper left and the South-West in the lower left corner, respectively.
2
If the electronic map is rotated (for example, the navigation map moves according to the direction of movement), carefully inspect the screen. In one corner, for example, in the top right (as an example) is an indication of the direction of the cardinal points in the form of long two-tone diamond pattern. Remember, North is always red. Respectively, find the remaining sides of the world, turn the map so that North is facing up. The South is down, East right and West left.
How to identify the map directions
3
To determine cardinal directions on a paper map, turn it so that it was possible to read the inscriptions. At the same time look to the inscriptions came from the West to the East, and the top of the letters and numbers were upstairs. I can now safely say that North up, South down, West left and East right.
4
Another way to determine cardinal directions on a paper map: inspect the entire perimeter of the card and somewhere in the corner, find the four-pointed star. Each side are the letters: N (North), s or S (South), W or W (West) or E (East). To determine the direction of the light according to these directions.
directions
5
When it comes to ancient handwritten card, please note that the early cartographers focused on the South. To determine the cardinal directions on a map you need to find a star marking, indicating English letters S, N, W, E, which corresponds to the first letter of the names of the cardinal points in English — South (South) North (North), West (West), East (East). If designations no way describes an area of land on a modern map and check the direction of the world.
vintage map, North at the bottom

Advice 9 : How to check the compass

Despite the abundance and availability of modern navigation devices, the good old compass will not soon be extinct. And this is understandable. It's cheap, easy to handle and is little dependent on external conditions. But even the most reliable compass should be checked periodically, especially if you are going on a long journey.
How to check the compass
You will need
  • - compass;
  • a small iron object.
Instruction
1
There are three fundamentally different types of compass: magnetic, electronic and gyro. The first interacts with earth's magnetic field, the second — with the satellites, and the third oriented to the geographic North pole. Tourists and orienteering often use different modifications of the magnetic compass. When checking determine whether the demagnetized arrow. Different magnetic compasses and it is marked differently. Directed to the North arrow can be painted in blue color, marked with a dot, ends with the edge. For fixing it, there is a special lever. He is in arrow and is in order to be able to press the arrow to the glass.
2
Put the compass on a horizontal surface. If the arrow has been recorded, release the lever. To Orient it in the direction of "North-South" in this case is not necessary. Just give the arrow to stop and notice the division on the limb.
3
Move the compass to the iron object, then remove it. This should be done very quickly, but object should not be large. Perfect nail. Compass not touch, let the arrow a little shake and again it will freeze. Pay attention to the division. If the arrow is initial position — everything fine, the compass works as it should. If it is deviated, it is better to replace the device.
Note
The compass test is required before each exit on the route.
Useful advice
In the field need after work with a compass to fix the arrow to the lever, and then remove the device in his pocket. If you leave the arrow to spin freely, a compass will quickly break. Try not to store it together with keys and other metallic or magnetized objects. This same rule you follow at home. Nails, screwdrivers and pliers — not the most suitable neighbors for such a device, as well as working speakers. But to store it on a bookshelf or near a collection of stones. Of course, if among the exhibits of your collection is not, for example, of iron pyrites.

Determining the direction, note that there were no power lines. Don't forget that this is a magnetic device and that the accuracy of his greatly are metal objects. If you come to mind to define a direction standing on train tracks, don't be surprised that the readings will be inaccurate.

Find a large-scale map of the area where you are going. To navigate by compass and the map is much easier than just the compass.

Advice 10 : How to learn to use a compass

Modern navigation devices are becoming more available. However, the ordinary compass is still popular, and he has a lot of advantages. The most important thing is that it works without batteries. Accordingly, there is a certain guarantee that the appliance will operate all the time while you are in the field. To learn to walk in azimuth, it is sufficient to understand how it works the compass.
How to learn to use a compass
You will need
  • - compass;
  • - map of the area;
  • notebook;
  • pencil.
Instruction
1
Learn how to determine the compass North. Typically, this device has a long arrow with two edges. One end of it points North, the other South. The one that North always marked. It can be blue - then South painted red. There may be other designations.
2
Consider limb. It stands for side light. North Russian is written With a "j" or Latin "N". This mark is always there. On the opposite side, respectively, will be "s" or "S". If you stand facing North, left is West and right is East. They can also be marked on the compass corresponding Russian letters or Latin "W" (West) or "E" (East).
3
Consider carefully the limb. It is divided into 360°. This is necessary in order to determine the angle between the North direction and the fact that you're going. Compasses can be of different designs. Some models have an extra arrow that allows you to lock the angle. Other modifications have compass - a device that resembles an optical sight, allowing a better focus on the object. But all magnetic compasses work on the same principle.
4
Give the compass steady horizontal position. Wait until the arrow rest. It will happen fairly quickly. Gently rotate the instrument to the direction of the arrow coincides with the letter "s" on the limb. Select the direction in which you need to go, and a landmark. It should be a visible fixed object - any structure, a kind of tree. Aim at the object and notice the angle between the directions. If you have a map, Orient it the same way as a compass, and mark the path of the object, denoting the angle. In the absence of the card, record the direction in Notepad. You are unlikely to get to the desired object in a straight line, since the path can meet, buildings, streams, or ravines that have to be circumvented. When they reached the desired point, select the next landmark, and again determine the angle between the directions to him and to the North. To return you the records or on the map.
Note
A magnetic compass cannot be used near power lines or large clusters of metal - for example, on the railroad tracks.

The compass should be periodically verified. Bring to lying horizontally the compass for a moment, the needle. If the arrow will react - so it's all right. In order to check polarity, put a compass next to the attorney. The direction of the arrows must be the same.

Advice 11 : How to determine where South without a compass

The ability to navigate the terrain, you should definitely learn if you go camping or on a trip. To determine without a compass, where is the South in different ways depending on your location, weather conditions, time of day and year.
How to determine where South without a compass
You will need
  • watch;
  • - the knife.
Instruction
1
If you have a clock, wait until 13 o'clock: at this time, the objects cast the shortest shadow, directed strictly to the North. On a Sunny day to see the shadows easily, and in cloudy weather, put on the nail the knife in any case you will see a small shadow which will help to find the sun.
2
In order to determine the location of the South early in the morning, look at where the sun rose. Stand facing the sunrise, the South will be on the right. Using this method, please note that in summer, sunrise is in the North-East, the South will be slightly behind to the right, and in the South-East, South in this case will be located a little ahead on the right.
3
Similarly, determine the location of the South in the evening, at sunset. Face the setting sun, South will be on the left (in the summer – just ahead, and in winter a little behind).
4
If you have a mechanical watch, point the hour hand at the sun. Then divide the angle formed between the numeral 1 on the dial and the hour hand in half. Bisector of the angle will point to the South. Note that sharing should always be an acute angle.
5
Night try to determine the position of the compass on the North star. To do this, locate the Big dipper and the two rightmost stars draw an imaginary line. On continuing to put five times the distance between these stars. Here is the North star, turn your back to it – before you South.
6
If you need to determine the position of the South in the full moon, stand up to the moon's South will be behind you. The moon, in the first quarter (the edge of the "sickle" to the left) will be located exactly in the South at 20 hours, in the last quarter of it will point to the South at 8 am.
7
Early spring view which side the faster the snow melts. If you saw that one side of the ravine the snow is gone, cleared one side of the stone or wood – boldly concludes that the South is on this side. In this case, note that the selected object must be open access to the sun.

Advice 12 : How to determine where North and where South without a compass

A situation in which it is necessary to determine the direction of the North and South poles, in everyday life are extremely rare. However, to know some ways of finding North and South is useful, especially because it is easy, even without a compass.
How to determine where North and where South without a compass
Instruction
1
At lessons of natural Sciences in elementary school talked about the many ways to determine where North is, which way is South without a compass. However, most remember only that on a separate tree the moss grows on the North side. Unfortunately, lost in the woods, for example, very difficult to find a tree standing alone. In addition, the moss it grows quite abundantly, and to discern the exact direction of the North will not work. To the same inaccurate methods include the location of the nests, lichens and most of the thick branches.
2
A more efficient way to accurately determine the light available on a Sunny day, if you have a watch with hands. Hold them horizontally so that the little hand (hour) is pointing to the sun. The South pole is in the middle of the acute angle between the needle and the 12 on the dial. Accordingly, the opposite side will be North.
3
At night you can use a method known since ancient times, and to determine the location of the North pole by the stars. To find the North star in the sky find constellation Big dipper (ladle). After spending two rightmost stars of the constellation (forming the wall of the bucket) in a straight line, you will see the North star, which is the end of the handle of the little dipper. The vertical from the pole star to the horizon will give an idea of where North is.
4
To determine the magnetic poles using the magnet, the saucer with water, and a piece of tube and a conventional needle. Several times swipe the magnet along the needle (thus, you will magnetize it), plug it into the tube and let float in the water. Under the action of magnetic forces, the needle will point at one end to magnetic North and the other South. To understand which of them where, remember that the sun moves from East to West, that is, if you stand facing North, then East must be to the right and West is left.
Note
The North star is not the brightest in the Northern hemisphere, so focus on the little dipper.
Useful advice
Even without a clock arrow to determine side of the world, just knowing what time it is and wondering where should be the hour hand.

Advice 13 : How to determine without a compass, where the East

Travelers often use the map and compass to determine the direction of further route. However, there are situations when the compass is missing. In these cases, it is possible to use alternative methods to help you determine the right direction of light, such as the East.
How to determine without a compass, where the East
Instruction
1
To determine the light take your wrist watch and put them on a horizontal surface. If they show the summer time, put the clock back one hour. Turn the watch so that the hour hand points towards the sun. Imagine yourself another arrow pointing to 12. The line that bisects the angle formed by these two arrows points South. The opposite direction will be North, West — right, East — left.
2
In Sunny weather, set vertically on a flat, clean surface high stick. Make a mark on the edge of the shadow from the stick. Wait 20-30 minutes and again mark the edge of the shadow. From the first to the second label draw a straight line. This line will indicate the Eastern direction.
3
At night you can find a landmark on the stars. Put at eye level stick. Second, higher set a bit further so that their tips were in line with the bright star. Observe this star for one hour in 15-minute intervals. In her motion to determine the direction of light. If it moves up you're facing East, and if it is down to the West, right South, left North.
4
To determine the direction of light in the Northern hemisphere will help North star. She still and always points to true, not magnetic, North. Look in the sky a Small Bear. The last point in the handle of the bucket and will be the North star. Defining North direction, you will find and Eastern.
5
On a cloudy day as a reference, use the trees. This is not a firm rule, but generally the trunks of trees overgrown with moss on the North side, ants build anthills. Setting where the North and the South, define the East.
Note
Method of determining the cardinal points with the clock you can use in the southern hemisphere, but with some differences. Also imagine the arrow pointing at 12, and point it to the sun. The line that bisects the angle formed by the hour hand and points to the North. East is to the right.
Useful advice
If you don't have a wristwatch, draw them on the ground. Point to great circle line to the sun (hour hand) and the line to 12, starting from clockwise.
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