Prepare solutions of gilding themselves
To gild any object, the desired solution - or rather the dissolved gold. To get it, it is necessary to dissolve the gold in the so-called "Aqua Regia" – a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acids. You need to take them in the proportion 3:1. After the gold is dissolved, it is necessary to evaporate the liquid. This should be done very carefully, because you can get burns of hands, face or airway. What is left is chloride of gold. It needs to be dissolved with a solution of potassium cyanide, and then mix with otmechennym chalk. The latter is necessary so as to obtain a liquid slurry consistency. Taking the brush, it is necessary to cover the resulting gruel the item you wish to gild, and after a while his need to wash and Polish.
To gild steel and iron, often use chlorine solution of gold, which is stirred with ether. He evaporates, and the gilded surface should be rubbed with a cloth. You can do Golden pattern. For that, he took a goose feather, dip it in gold and draw a desired figure or line.
Zolotim silver and not only
Zinc and silver jewelry also can be made plated. To use zinc paste, which is prepared from 20 g of gold chloride with the addition of 60 g of potassium cyanide and 100 g of pure water. This mixture should be stirred and filtered. You need to filtrate add a mixture of cream of Tartar and chalk. Taken respectively 5 g and 100 g. This mixture should be added until, until you get a not very thick slurry. Apply with a brush.
For the gilding of silver you need to use a special solution. There are 2 variant of its preparation, but the most popular one. For its preparation necessary chloride of gold, cyanide, salt and water (10 g, 30 g, 20 g, 20 g and 1.5 liters, respectively). Be gilding items first ignited, and then etched in a solution of sulfuric acid, and then momentarily dipped in nitric acid. Next, you need to do the following – you need to associate the items with brass wire and a short dip in the mixture, which is prepared from sulfuric, nitric and hydrochloric acid. Then opolaskivaniem them with water, dipping into the mercury and then into the water. After 30 seconds, drop into the liquid gilding. Drying use hot sawdust.