Advice 1: How to increase the power fields

The car "Niva" is not hurricane dynamics and high maximum speed. Therefore, wishing to get from this machine more power and thrust developed and tested different ways of engine tuning, high complexity to install and use and produced effect.
How to increase the power fields
You will need
  • The Original Niva. The car must be serviceable and the least worn.
Instruction
1
Independently increase engine power "Field" in the following ways:

- set lightweight valves and their guides, lightened flywheel;

- increase of the cross section of the exhaust and intake ports of the cylinder head;

- to increase the cross section of the intake manifold;

- install the camshaft, increasing power and torque at medium and low revs;

- install straight-through exhaust system;

- set sport (light) timing.

- install the air filter of zero resistance;

- counterbore the cylinders of the engine (to increase displacement).

For the carbureted engine further establishes the Solex carburetor with a diffuser 24 to 26 mm instead of standard. The ignition system is changed to electronic with a Hall sensor from the more modern models of VAZ. The high-performance engine will require the installation of a radiator with increased cooling area. Described the program allows to remove with the engine VAZ-2121 up to 120 HP With the installation of two Solex carburetors, you can raise the power up to 136 HP
2
Many specialized firms offer the installation of turbo cars Niva and Chevrolet-Niva" on the basis of the GARETT GT17 turbocharger. The cost of installing about 60,000 R. Effect: power increase from 80 to 105 HP, torque from 120 to 170 Nm, a slight decrease in fuel consumption. The life of the engine is maintained, the quality of fuel – gasoline with octane number no less 95, maintenance – standard for vehicles with a turbocharger.
3
Fine-tuning engine control system using the chip-tuning. Changing the program in the electronic control unit eliminates the shortcomings of the developers and not seen at trials. For standard engine the "Fields" the chip tuning will increase the power and torque of 10-15%, for a turbo to 35-40%.
Note
Transmission and gearbox "Fields" are not designed for high power. 120-130 HP to withstand without any problems. With further increase in power will have to strengthen or change gear box, drives, gearbox, etc.
Useful advice
The improvements described in section 1 actually accomplish in the garage environment. The installation of the turbo and chip tuning are performed only in specialized workshops

Advice 2: How to increase engine power Fields

One option for increasing the power of the motor of the car "Niva" is the chip tuning electronic control unit (ECU). Changes to the software specified device optimizes fuel injected engine. Thereby increasing the engine speed, reduced operational fuel consumption and increases power of the engine.
How to increase engine power Fields
You will need
  • - computer or laptop
  • adapter
  • software for chip-tuning.
Instruction
1
For anybody not a secret that the firmware of the ECU of the car "Niva", set by the manufacturer in accordance with the technical regulations, significantly limits its power plant.
2
For example, the air-fuel mixture fed into the cylinders of the engine, is intentionally lean, although the engine was originally designed to operate with an enriched mixture. But at the urging of environmentalists, the gas line to the burners was reduced.
3
To change existing operating parameters of the engine need to plug the adapter or laptop computer to the diagnostic connector of the machine. Of course, the computer must be installed the corresponding applications.
4
Through software adjustment of the operating parameters of the motor systems, which work the engine is optimized, and it becomes more high, due to the modified injection and increased power. The dynamics of the car "Niva while driving is also improving.
5
Paradoxically, the fact. Despite the increased flow of gasoline in the composition of the working mixture, the reduced operational fuel consumption, which has a positive effect on the ecological environment.
Note
In the market there are sales programs specifically designed for chip-tuning of automobiles "Niva".

Advice 3: How to increase the capacity of carburetor engine

What Russian does not love fast driving? If you can not purchase a car with plenty of horses under the hood, begins the search for ways to increase the power of the engine of your car. It will be easier to do it with a carbureted engine, as fuel injection control is carried out by the control unit. With a carb you can "work your magic" in your own garage with basic mechanic skills.
How to increase the capacity of carburetor engine
Instruction
1
Injection system - carburettor. The simplest way to increase power is to replace the jets in your carb. However, using this option, you will not only increase capacity but also the consumption of gasoline.
2
Another option is to replace the camshaft. In this case, you change the Cam on the shaft with different angles and heights of Cams that will provide a greater amount and duration of opening of valves. This will change the interchange and increase capacity. But there are negative consequences camshaft replacement - increase loads on the valve gear, the valves can start sticking. To avoid this requires the installation of sport (titanium) valve springs. The valves can break off from a sharp rise in the installed camshaft, so you need to replace the valves themselves to reinforced.
3
A more time consuming option - boring of cylinder head (cylinder head). When boring the cylinder head increases the diameter of the inlet and outlet channels, and set the valves with large diameter plates. Of the downsides of this method are the large depreciation of the timing.
4
Boring the cylinder block. By choosing this method, you increase displacement and therefore power. The downside of this method is the risk of damage to the engine cooling system. If the cylinder block is made of light alloy metal, there is a possibility of overheating of the motor.
5
Nitrous oxide N20. This option force the most unreliable and quite expensive. With fuel in the cylinders serves nitrous oxide. This gas, known as laughing used for anesthesia. The principle that under high temperatures the nitrous oxide splits and cylinder gets an additional portion of oxygen, which increases detonation. In this method there is a risk of burning the piston rings and the pistons themselves. Using it is better to replace the pistons rings on reinforced. Also the life of the engine considerably reduced. At the time of injection engine power can be increased 50-80 l.forces.

Advice 4: How to increase the permeability Fields

Even such a recognized all-terrain vehicle as the "field" sometimes needs to be refined to its permeability to satisfy the owner. Increase the ground clearance of the car in a base complete set is not too large. Power suspension will protect the body from damage by shocks and help poddomkratit car if it is still stuck.
How to increase the permeability Fields
You will need
  • Lift kit, wheels of larger diameter, the elements of the power kit.
Instruction
1
To do not alter in suspension "Fields", just replace the rims and tires. In base the car is equipped with not the best option rubber as the main criterion when it is selected – low price.
Off-road choose a wide tire, with a large number of ribs on the tread. It is desirable that the sides were special fins called lugs.
2
If you need to increase the departure of the wheel, adjust the drives at the sizes of the tires, install a reinforced hub, double row bearing, and the hub of the stand of a special alloy, which will help to increase the departure of the wheel.
When you increase the diameter of the wheels, change the main couple of the bridges, increasing the gear ratio. To calculate a new gear ratio just for that, find a new diameter to the old wheel and multiply by the original gear ratio. From the available options main pairs, select the set that is closest in its characteristics.
3
If increasing clearance "Fields" by replacing the wheels is not enough, make the Elevator car suspension using special reducers under the the elements. To do this, purchase a lift-kit that for the front suspension is a set of washers fitted under the spring and the upper arm, in this case, swap the steering knuckle arms so they can move normally and do not touch other elements of the suspension. For the rear suspension there are special cups under the springs, which are mounted on top and bottom set brackets, that extend the shock absorber 5 cm
4
To protect the car from damage install the power kit. As a rule, it consists of front and rear bumper, my bumper and power thresholds.
Picking up reinforced bumpers, consider the possibility that you will have to raise it "Niva" with the help of a rack Jack. When selecting "." suscitavit that its primary function is not giving an aggressive appearance and a sewn spotlights and radiator. When traveling in the woods, install videotraining, which is a rope, stretched from the bumper to the top of the trunk. They will protect the windshield.

Advice 5: How to increase the capacity of carburetor engine VAZ

Still on the national highways there is a lot of cars VAZ of the classic lineup and front-wheel drive with petrol engines. Often prior owners, the question arises as to enhance its capacity. There are many ways to solve this problem.
How to increase the capacity of carburetor engine VAZ
Instruction
1
Air filter zero soprotivleniya simple: install the air filter of zero resistance, the so-called "nulevik". It is easy to purchase in the markets auto parts or online stores. Installation method:Begin with the dismantling of the old filter housing and the duct feeding warm air in cold weather, tubes of the fumes disposal. The installation of the filter of zero resistance are produced according to the instructions. Supplement 3-5 percent of the power provided to you.
2
Positionprovider straight-through flow muffler. Start with the dismantling of the resonator and old muffler. The exhaust manifold, the so-called "pants" and leave. Installation will not take much time, yokes, suspension bands will remain the same. The pipe diameter choose according to your preferences. But there is one drawback: the noise during acceleration and vent gas can not like other people, and not be inspectors of traffic police.
3
Increasing statesname the cylinder head, mill it in a specialized workshop 0.5-1 mm, thereby you reduce the volume of the combustion chamber and increase the compression ratio. Get to increase in power by 12-15 percent. Please note that you will have after the above procedure to use gasoline with an octane rating of 95-98.
4
Installation of sports raspredeleny camshaft ensures optimum feeding a full charge of mixture in the cylinder, which increases lift height of the valves. To increase the power of the engine installed aftermarket Cams, characterized by exceptional smoothness of the profile, ensuring reliable operation of the timing mechanism. Feature sports shafts is that their use removes the border of detonation, especially at low frequencies of rotation of the crankshaft.There are many kinds of sport camshafts are designed for different purposes:— bottom torque shaft for city driving;— universal shaft “city — highway”;— riding shaft alignment.A camshaft with a lower lift of the valves provides a positive effect on low frequencies of rotation of the crankshaft, while the camshaft with lots of lift allows you to increase the power at high frequencies.
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