You will need
- - computer or laptop
- software for chip-tuning.
For anybody not a secret that the firmware of the ECU of the car "Niva", set by the manufacturer in accordance with the technical regulations, significantly limits its power plant.
For example, the air-fuel mixture fed into the cylinders of the engine, is intentionally lean, although the engine was originally designed to operate with an enriched mixture. But at the urging of environmentalists, the gas line to the burners was reduced.
To change existing operating parameters of the engine need to plug the adapter or laptop computer to the diagnostic connector of the machine. Of course, the computer must be installed the corresponding applications.
Through software adjustment of the operating parameters of the motor systems, which work the engine is optimized, and it becomes more high, due to the modified injection and increased power. The dynamics of the car "Niva while driving is also improving.
Paradoxically, the fact. Despite the increased flow of gasoline in the composition of the working mixture, the reduced operational fuel consumption, which has a positive effect on the ecological environment.
In the market there are sales programs specifically designed for chip-tuning of automobiles "Niva".
Advice 2 : How to increase the capacity of carburetor engine
What Russian does not love fast driving? If you can not purchase a car with plenty of horses under the hood, begins the search for ways to increase the power of the engine of your car. It will be easier to do it with a carbureted engine, as fuel injection control is carried out by the control unit. With a carb you can "work your magic" in your own garage with basic mechanic skills.
Injection system - carburettor. The simplest way to increase power is to replace the jets in your carb. However, using this option, you will not only increase capacity but also the consumption of gasoline.
Another option is to replace the camshaft. In this case, you change the Cam on the shaft with different angles and heights of Cams that will provide a greater amount and duration of opening of valves. This will change the interchange and increase capacity. But there are negative consequences camshaft replacement - increase loads on the valve gear, the valves can start sticking. To avoid this requires the installation of sport (titanium) valve springs. The valves can break off from a sharp rise in the installed camshaft, so you need to replace the valves themselves to reinforced.
A more time consuming option - boring of cylinder head (cylinder head). When boring the cylinder head increases the diameter of the inlet and outlet channels, and set the valves with large diameter plates. Of the downsides of this method are the large depreciation of the timing.
Boring the cylinder block. By choosing this method, you increase displacement and therefore power. The downside of this method is the risk of damage to the engine cooling system. If the cylinder block is made of light alloy metal, there is a possibility of overheating of the motor.
Nitrous oxide N20. This option force the most unreliable and quite expensive. With fuel in the cylinders serves nitrous oxide. This gas, known as laughing used for anesthesia. The principle that under high temperatures the nitrous oxide splits and cylinder gets an additional portion of oxygen, which increases detonation. In this method there is a risk of burning the piston rings and the pistons themselves. Using it is better to replace the pistons rings on reinforced. Also the life of the engine considerably reduced. At the time of injection engine power can be increased 50-80 l.forces.
Advice 3 : How to make a Field
Cars of the domestic automobile industry are very popular. This is due to the low price of these cars. For example, lovers of fishing and nature trips can buy a vehicle. This Russian SUV is able to overcome most roadblocks. How to make a Field more adapted to your busy vacation?
You will need
- Additional lights on the roof, winch, roof rack, paint, primer, tools, cutter branches, full-size spare wheel, manual operation of the vehicle.
First and foremost, pay attention to the bodywork and paintwork of your Fields. The car is designed to overcome the road obstacles so the body can easily be scratched or broken. If time does not treat the damaged area, that can start corrosion, which will lead to rot. Carefully inspect the entire body. Best drive on lifts to examine the underbody. It is the most susceptible to corrosion. If on the back you'll find pockets of incipient corrosion, clean them to bare metal, and then brew. Then cover with primer and paint. Also it is useful to treat car rust inhibitor.
The next step is the inspection of the suspension. Thanks to the proper suspension of Niva is so easy to overcome obstacles of various kinds. At first, measure the clearance. In the user manual to your car find the value of the normal clearance, it can vary depending on what your wheelbase. If the clearance is too low, the car can sit on the bottom in mud or snow, if too big, then bury the wheels. The springs should be without chips and cracks. Measure their length. Inspect the shock absorbers. They should be no traces of stains. If any, put new shock absorbers. best suited gas.
If you often go on nature, we should care also about some of the devices. Install the winch, it will help to get your car if you get stuck. The winch should be secured to the supporting structure of the car then to the front beam. Install shut-off valves of the branches. They are mounted from the edges of the bumper to the edges of the roof. The roof rack will allow you to carry cargo of various kinds. Take care of a full-sized spare wheel. Additional lighting will help the car to move in the dark. Additional lights are best placed on the roof.
Advice 4 : How to improve the Field
Popular SUV Niva widely known and popular in our country. Its main advantage – low price connected with an outdated design, and as a consequence, with need for many improvements to ensure an acceptable comfort, enhancing permeability, power, dynamics, and other characteristics.
Install rails or roof rack. This is one of the most inexpensive improvements that are easy to self-fulfillment and popular when using the car as a workhorse or for travel. The method of installation depends on the chosen model of the trunk. To enhance the functionality of this improvement additionally install a cargo basket.
Install an additional fan for cooling the radiator of the engine. This will prevent the risk of overheating of engine in heavy traffic conditions. Currently, there is the opportunity to purchase a block of two fans, designed for installation on injection engine Fields, including for self-installation. In this case, note the negative side of this improvement: while overcoming water obstacles significantly increases the likelihood of flooding in the ignition system.
Following the improvement of the engine cooling control unit with fan (s), including them with increasing coolant temperature to 97 degrees with the engine off. This will eliminate the residual risk of overheating of the motor and does not require large financial investments.
Instead of a hydraulic set mechanical adjusting device the valve clearance. This eliminates the characteristic knocking of the lifters allows to increase the power of the engine due to the exact placing of the thermal gap, to reduce fuel consumption and the cost of repairing this node. The heat adjustment of the gap through spending 1,000 km after the installation of this device, and thereafter every 25 thousand.
Repair rattling rear view mirror, glued the rubber strip on their back. To do this, remove the mirrors and their brackets. On the back, attach the rubber gasket with a thickness of 3-4 mm
To prevent frequent breakdown of the bearing unit install unregulated hub bearings. This eliminates the need for frequent and not always effective regulation of these parts, and will significantly increase the reliability and lifespan of the hubs. However, in applying this improvement can be difficult when repairing at a service station.
Guide the balancing of cardan shafts to reduce vibrations at high speeds, increasing the service life of the bearings of universal joints and improve comfort while riding. This operation is rarely performed by owners of the NIV, although recommended by the manual.
Replace the clutch Assembly from the same car Chevrolet Niva. Grip Chevrolet Niva has a longer lifespan, more "soft" pedal and more suited for heavy duty applications. Note, however, that the clutch from a Chevy only be replaced together with the flywheel.
To save fuel on the asphalt, install the transfer case clutches disconnect the front drive. In addition to increasing efficiency, slightly increase the dynamics and "go away" kicks in the transmission when the load changes. When overcoming off-road or starting on slippery surfaces, do not forget to include front-wheel drive. Get the node of a shop or firm specializing in the tuning of SUVs.
Install self-locking differential gear of the rear axle to improve cross Fields. It is enough if there is no need to storm the heavy off-road or participate in competitions. To acquire this unit it is possible in tuning shops and companies.
In order to profoundly improve the patency of the Fields select and install the wheel with the larger tyres and suspension lift guide. The operation is not easy, but it is available to run independently. Methods and ways of implementation vary depending on the height of littuania.
To improve the comfort of the cabin, under the upholstery glue interior panels interior sound insulation and heat insulation materials. Install improved door seals.