Advice 1: How to prepare the Field to the road

The choice of the car "Niva" is due, as a rule, the optimal ratio of price and consumer qualities. Patency of this car is slightly higher if you compare to foreign cars. Even if such permeability is not satisfied with the owner, you need to prepare the "Field" to the road. The training program must not include unnecessary costs, but at the same time maintaining the universality of the machine, not turning it into a tractor.
How to prepare the Field to the road
You will need
  • The source of the car "Niva". Sets preparation for off-road.
Instruction
1
Install special camshaft, bias peak torque at low revs. This is the easiest and most profitable financial considerations, the way to increase torque and increase traction at the bottom. At the same time grind the intake and exhaust channels of the cylinder head and the intake manifold.
2
Seal the air filter and install the snorkel to overcome water obstacles. Standard fan remove, instead install a dual electric fan with forced control from the salon. Overcoming deep Ford, you can disable it to keep the ignition system. The very ignition system equip additional waterproofing.
3
Install larger wheels to increase clearance. Practice shows that the optimal size is 235/75R15. When installing these wheels, the ground clearance increases to 245 mm. Wheel of even greater size will increase the load on the transmission and reduces its reliability.
4
Install rims size 15 6 inches to be able to install wider tires. To compensate for the weight of the wider wheels, the wheels must be forged choose.
5
Install the main pair with a ratio of 4.7 instead of the standard 3.9. This will give some reserve thrust without significant loss of dynamism and speed. An intermediate option – the main pairs with the number 4.3 of the VAZ-2101.
6
"Lift" the suspension to install larger wheels, you can use the longer springs in front and spacers under the springs in the back.
7
Increase the wheel arches. Places cut cover with a soft texture of the wings.
8
Install long stroke shocks to increase suspension travel. Recommended adjustable dampers, to be able to set up the suspension for the new features. The attachment of shock absorbers and front spars reinforce.
9
Equip rear axle limited slip differential.
10
Check and install (if necessary) the front towing eyelet. And better hooks. Put the rear tow bar.
11
Pelilite bumper, placing inside the standard pipe, profile or channel. Stress thresholds. Install censoring.
12
Install electric winch with a pulling force of 3-4 tons. Put it on the front bumper or inside the trunk (if "field" is prepared for competition and not for distant travel).
Useful advice
The original vehicle must be intact and not severely deteriorated.

Advice 2: How to increase the permeability Fields

Even such a recognized all-terrain vehicle as the "field" sometimes needs to be refined to its permeability to satisfy the owner. Increase the ground clearance of the car in a base complete set is not too large. Power suspension will protect the body from damage by shocks and help poddomkratit car if it is still stuck.
How to increase the permeability Fields
You will need
  • Lift kit, wheels of larger diameter, the elements of the power kit.
Instruction
1
To do not alter in suspension "Fields", just replace the rims and tires. In base the car is equipped with not the best option rubber as the main criterion when it is selected – low price.
Off-road choose a wide tire, with a large number of ribs on the tread. It is desirable that the sides were special fins called lugs.
2
If you need to increase the departure of the wheel, adjust the drives at the sizes of the tires, install a reinforced hub, double row bearing, and the hub of the stand of a special alloy, which will help to increase the departure of the wheel.
When you increase the diameter of the wheels, change the main couple of the bridges, increasing the gear ratio. To calculate a new gear ratio just for that, find a new diameter to the old wheel and multiply by the original gear ratio. From the available options main pairs, select the set that is closest in its characteristics.
3
If increasing clearance "Fields" by replacing the wheels is not enough, make the Elevator car suspension using special reducers under the the elements. To do this, purchase a lift-kit that for the front suspension is a set of washers fitted under the spring and the upper arm, in this case, swap the steering knuckle arms so they can move normally and do not touch other elements of the suspension. For the rear suspension there are special cups under the springs, which are mounted on top and bottom set brackets, that extend the shock absorber 5 cm
4
To protect the car from damage install the power kit. As a rule, it consists of front and rear bumper, my bumper and power thresholds.
Picking up reinforced bumpers, consider the possibility that you will have to raise it "Niva" with the help of a rack Jack. When selecting "." suscitavit that its primary function is not giving an aggressive appearance and a sewn spotlights and radiator. When traveling in the woods, install videotraining, which is a rope, stretched from the bumper to the top of the trunk. They will protect the windshield.

Advice 3: How to improve the Field

Popular SUV Niva widely known and popular in our country. Its main advantage – low price connected with an outdated design, and as a consequence, with need for many improvements to ensure an acceptable comfort, enhancing permeability, power, dynamics, and other characteristics.
How to improve the Field
Instruction
1
Install rails or roof rack. This is one of the most inexpensive improvements that are easy to self-fulfillment and popular when using the car as a workhorse or for travel. The method of installation depends on the chosen model of the trunk. To enhance the functionality of this improvement additionally install a cargo basket.
2
Install an additional fan for cooling the radiator of the engine. This will prevent the risk of overheating of engine in heavy traffic conditions. Currently, there is the opportunity to purchase a block of two fans, designed for installation on injection engine Fields, including for self-installation. In this case, note the negative side of this improvement: while overcoming water obstacles significantly increases the likelihood of flooding in the ignition system.
3
Following the improvement of the engine cooling control unit with fan (s), including them with increasing coolant temperature to 97 degrees with the engine off. This will eliminate the residual risk of overheating of the motor and does not require large financial investments.
4
Instead of a hydraulic set mechanical adjusting device the valve clearance. This eliminates the characteristic knocking of the lifters allows to increase the power of the engine due to the exact placing of the thermal gap, to reduce fuel consumption and the cost of repairing this node. The heat adjustment of the gap through spending 1,000 km after the installation of this device, and thereafter every 25 thousand.
5
Repair rattling rear view mirror, glued the rubber strip on their back. To do this, remove the mirrors and their brackets. On the back, attach the rubber gasket with a thickness of 3-4 mm
6
To prevent frequent breakdown of the bearing unit install unregulated hub bearings. This eliminates the need for frequent and not always effective regulation of these parts, and will significantly increase the reliability and lifespan of the hubs. However, in applying this improvement can be difficult when repairing at a service station.
7
Guide the balancing of cardan shafts to reduce vibrations at high speeds, increasing the service life of the bearings of universal joints and improve comfort while riding. This operation is rarely performed by owners of the NIV, although recommended by the manual.
8
Replace the clutch Assembly from the same car Chevrolet Niva. Grip Chevrolet Niva has a longer lifespan, more "soft" pedal and more suited for heavy duty applications. Note, however, that the clutch from a Chevy only be replaced together with the flywheel.
9
To save fuel on the asphalt, install the transfer case clutches disconnect the front drive. In addition to increasing efficiency, slightly increase the dynamics and "go away" kicks in the transmission when the load changes. When overcoming off-road or starting on slippery surfaces, do not forget to include front-wheel drive. Get the node of a shop or firm specializing in the tuning of SUVs.
10
Install self-locking differential gear of the rear axle to improve cross Fields. It is enough if there is no need to storm the heavy off-road or participate in competitions. To acquire this unit it is possible in tuning shops and companies.
11
In order to profoundly improve the patency of the Fields select and install the wheel with the larger tyres and suspension lift guide. The operation is not easy, but it is available to run independently. Methods and ways of implementation vary depending on the height of littuania.
12
To improve the comfort of the cabin, under the upholstery glue interior panels interior sound insulation and heat insulation materials. Install improved door seals.

Advice 4: How to upgrade Field

Lada Niva – the most popular SUV in the country. In high demand, mainly because of its price and is the cheapest four-wheel drive jeep in the Russian market. In addition to low cost, has other advantages: adaptability to bad roads, far from ideal operating conditions, low maintenance and reliable with proper care. From most of the existing disadvantages can be eliminated by upgrading the Fields with their hands.
How to upgrade Field
Instruction
1
Upgrades start with the suspension. This is one of the most simple equipment, easily upgradable in terms of a simple garage. Front springs replace the same from the Chevrolet Niva. This will improve the performance of the suspension in the direction of increase of comfort. Bus replace with more suitable conditions. It can be either on-road tires with cast alloy wheels or high flotation tires with off road tread pattern. Shock absorbers replace imported gas.
2
Transmission upgrade by installing a shorter key pair from the car VAZ-2102. The designers have established on the Field the engine that was in production. But all-wheel drive car, he is weak, which leads to a marked decrease of the resource engine. Install shorter main steam will reduce the speed, but will increase tegometall car. This will decrease the load on the powertrain and would not allow him to fail prematurely. The bearings in the gearbox and transfer case replace the import – this will reduce the characteristic Fields noise transmission and transfer case.
3
Fit body protection. This is especially true for hunters and fishermen. For this manufacture of power bumper. They can be made from the appropriate channels or thicker tubes. On the front bumper provide a platform mounting the winch and weld conguring with protective grille for headlights. On the bottom under the engine, install a screen to protect the motor from impacts. Same screen (protection) can be put under the transfer case, fuel tank and other vulnerable units. On the roof, install an additional trunk. Along the doors – power thresholds.
4
To upgrade body equip wheel arches with plastic inserts and guide high-quality anti-corrosion treatment body panels. Regular anti-corrosion treatment of the weak. On the cowl and sidewalls embed additional air intakes. This will considerably improve engine cooling. This improvement is relevant not only for those who often travel on the road, but for urban dwellers, allowing you to avoid overheating in the heat when the machine is forced in the tube. Spoiler above the rear door to reduce dust on the glass when riding in the fields.
5
Upgrading the engine is a laborious and costly exercise that requires knowledge and experience to repair it. As a light modernization of the check and seal all electrical wiring. Spark plugs replace with more durable imported. For a deeper modernization with the aim of increasing the power of motor guide chip tuning (injector) or slide carb tuning. Also hone the cylinders and pistons of the power unit, install aftermarket camshaft. With the right approach engine not only adds power and torque, but will be more torquey in the lower rpm range.
6
Upgrading the interior, install it in a modern musical radio on, run it full noise, vibration and insulation. Upgrade heating system with parts from Chevrolet Niva. On the steering wheel and the heated seats make. Also will equip with electric mirrors and windshield wipers. This is very useful in conditions of winter use of Fields.

Advice 5: How to choose a Field

Niva - one of the oldest models produced by the Volga automobile plant. The popularity she gained due to the excellent patency, reliability, ease of repair and relatively low cost. But, as with any car, buying "Niva", you should consider some nuances.
How to choose a Field
You will need
  • newspaper ads;
  • - computer with Internet access.
Instruction
1
First decide for what purpose you need this car, will ride it constantly or from time to time, at what time I buy it, where to use, etc. the Answer to all these questions, proceed to the selection model, evaluating the pros and cons of the considered machines. For example, a the VAZ-21214 is easy to repair, has excellent permeability, has a low cost. But there are significant disadvantages: cramped and uncomfortable interior, small trunk, poor insulation, and others.
2
To set the maximum and minimum cost of the machine, to continue not to consider "dead-end" options. In addition, when you select "Fields" don't forget to take into account the possibility of self-repair and maintenance in your area, the availability and cost of spare parts, etc., Carefully inspect the vehicle before buying, especially if it's pre-owned vehicle.
3
B/C the "Neve" in the first place note the condition of the body, in particular, sills, wings: are there any chips, pockets of corrosion, painted the place, etc. "Weak" in some places these machines are the front spars (refer to cracks between the stop spring and the shock mount), bottom of doors, floors at fixing the transfer case and transmission, the frame of the windshield.
4
Be sure to check hood space. On the engine and under it should be free of stains. Please note that all the protections on the bottom of the motor, as after accidents, they are often discarded. Ask them to lift the wheel and check operation of differential lock. If it works the wheel cannot rotate. Then start the car, go for a ride, listen to the transmission. When riding there should be no extraneous sounds: tapping, crunching, etc.
5
If there is any doubt - do not rush with the purchase of the car. Search for "Niva", which will suit you in all respects.
Useful advice
Keep in mind that the primer on the chips (if any) should be white or grayish, as the factory paint using only those colors.

Advice 6: How to increase ground clearance on the "Field"

Niva is the most popular domestic SUV. This car attracts low price and practicality. Usually, Field to buy in order for this car to travel long distances on the road. So many of nivovodov the question arises, how to increase ground clearance on your SUV.
How to increase ground clearance on the "Field"
You will need
  • roulette;
  • - cotton gloves;
  • - new shock absorbers;
  • - set spacers;
  • - springs from Chevrolet Niva.
Instruction
1
Measure the value of clearance of your car. To do this, find a flat area. It is best to find a concrete slab. The value obtained compare with the factory. If it is less it means that either the previous owner made changes to the suspension, or the suspension is faulty. The reduction in clearance may be due to several reasons. For example, the cause may be a broken spring. Therefore, produce a diagnosis of the suspension of your Fields. Check the integrity of all of the springs. The shock absorbers should be no stains. If you find a broken spring or chipped, replace it with a new one In most cases, after eliminating such problems, the ground clearance increases by 5-7 cm.
2
Purchase an auto in the set of reducers. Its value varies from three to five thousand rubles. And sold sets of different heights. You will be able to choose the one that is most suitable to you. Installation of this kit is not very complicated. It can be produced in almost any garage with minimal tools. Before installation, make a General cleaning of your Fields. The fact that eventually almost every car accumulates a lot of unnecessary things. Comfortable motion, they practically do not interfere, however, add considerable weight, which creates additional load on the suspension. Because of this, the ground clearance of the car may be somewhat lower. It is also worth remembering that excessive weight leads to a faster wear of the springs.
3
Install shock absorbers from Chevrolet Niva. This is an updated analogue of the usual Russian Fields. that features a large number of improvements. In the Fields, Chevrolet upgraded suspension more. Therefore its installation will not only increase ground clearance, but will give better dynamic characteristics when driving. Think about the other choice of rims and tires. Drives higher radius with the right kind of tires can also significantly increase the clearance of the machine. Niva is a SUV, so it is necessary to choose high tire. Remember the elastic bands that are installed in the suspension. Over time, they become useless, promazyvaetsya that causes a decrease in clearance.

Advice 7: How to choose the model Fields

The vehicle can rightfully be called the first Soviet SUV. Having gone through several restylings, it has preserved its main advantage is excellent maneuverability even in the most difficult weather conditions. Therefore, still many motorists prefer a "Russian jeep" fancy foreign cars.
How to choose the model Fields

Cars for the Russian off-road



The automotive classification, the field does not apply to SUVs, and compact crossovers. But in the extreme conditions of winter, in the mud, in the forest and on the most challenging terrain in the Fields, no competition. And all thanks to the short base, high ground clearance and all wheel drive. Reason real fishermen and hunters prefer to buy the Field as an extra car and use it only for terrains. This car will not ruin its owner nor price at purchase or a costly repair, nor the voracity of gasoline in contrast to foreign vehicles.


Chevrolet Niva - city jeep




If you are going to buy a new car, note that not all dealers that sell the products of AVTOVAZ, have in their assortment the Field 2112 is a classic three-door body. Often dealers offer Chevrolet Niva. This model is more popular because of their appearance and comfort. On the Chevrolet Niva and it is possible to travel around the city. Especially since it is a bit softer than its predecessor. But on a very difficult road sections it is better not to test - cross it a little worse. The range of modifications she is also small machines come with the engine 1.7 (80 HP). But there is a possibility to choose from several trim levels. But they mainly relate to comfort and driving performance is not affected.

Niva 2121 to conquer the world



Be sure to do anti-corrosion treatment of the body. This is the weakest point of all Lada Niva.


Classic three-door Niva 2121 is still considered the most successful model in its lineup. Of course, don't look for it in comfort and safety. This is a "rough" machine for extreme, not for power trips around town. But outside the city the Field has no equal. As standard already have the steering, swing arm, damper. The price of a new car such a configuration usually starts from 350 thousand rubles. In the most expensive version systems added ABS+iron WAS and to pay it will have only 15 thousand rubles.

Niva 2131 - go ahead


Choosing a pre-owned vehicle, first and foremost, pay attention to the condition of the suspension.


The five-door Niva (Lada 4*4) is striking in its dimensions. This is a real huge SUV for a large group or family. Not for nothing on the roof pachydeminae Fields can carry bulky items. And the fishermen manage to haul it on a metal boat. This car will stand any load. But filling the car is no different from the three-door version. The only disadvantage of this body may become more difficult to control. The five-door Niva heavier behaves on urban roads, maneuvers worse, and aesthetically "three-door" looks much better. Prices for this version start from 390 thousand roubles.

Advice 8: Which is better for hunting UAZ or Niva

Many hunting enthusiasts choose to travel domestic SUVs – they are reliable and unpretentious, have good permeability. The choice of models is small, this is usually a UAZ-452 and its variants or VAZ-2121 "Niva". While debate about which of these cars better suited for hunting, sometimes becoming very hot in nature.
UAZ "Patriot"

The advantages and disadvantages of UAZ and Niva



It should be said at once that a definite answer to the question of which of two cars is better suited for hunting, no, as a lot depends on related factors and personal preferences of hunters. If you compare the UAZ and a Niva on the terrain, the UAZ wins this is almost no one doubts. He has a wider gauge, two solid-axle all provide their own advantages. In the Niva front suspension is independent, wishbone. When the car is bogged down deep to pull it off without the help of another machine becomes very difficult because dead in the dirt the suspension. But the UAZ is possible to rock and to push, bridges, glide through the mud, not clinging to it.

UAZ noticeably roomier that has its advantages when hunting. It can accommodate more passengers, it can handle more freight. At the same time, it affects the fuel consumption is higher than in the Niva.

Offroad UAZ beats "Field", but to the hunting grounds still need to get. Well, when it's very close – and if to him to go a few hundred kilometers? And there is clearly manifested the advantages of "field" ‒ it's a more comfortable car, has good handling and able to carry the hunter at almost any distance.

UAZ is in this respect hopelessly lost "Field". On the roads he is, without a doubt, the king, but when driving on the highway the hunter will have to remember a lot of strong words. At speeds above 80 km/h it starts to significantly drop, driving becomes dangerous and not very fun.

UAZ "Patriot" and "Chevrolet Niva"



The Russian automotive industry still is not in place, in addition to well-known models of SUVs Ulyanovsk and Volga automobile plant has released updated models of its cars. Driving performance Chevrolet Niva, by and large, remained at the level of the VAZ-2121. But the UAZ "Patriot" compared to the old model significantly upgraded, became much more modern and comfortable car. The patency of left him on top.

In defense of the "Chevrolet Niva" you can say that the car was also more comfortable compared to previous model received a 5 doors instead of 3. Power steering provides superior control. And externally, the car began to look much more beautiful.

Which car to choose?



To this question each hunter is responsible himself. Yes, it seems in many respects UAZ for better hunting "Fields". However, many hunters use the "NIV" and would not exchange them for the UAZ. Much depends on personal preference, neat and compact "field" in a dispute about which of two cars is better is not an outsider.

That is why when choosing a car, you should consider a number of factors, ranging from the visual appeal of the car and finishing such things as fuel consumption, distance to hunting location, comfort, etc.
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