Advice 1: How to test a fire extinguisher

Commissioned fire extinguishers shall be subjected to periodic inspection and maintenance. This is necessary to maintain a fire extinguisher in constant readiness for operation and to ensure reliable operation of the node device. Fire extinguisher maintenance includes testing, inspection, repair, testing and recharge.
How to test a fire extinguisher
Check fire extinguisher is in accordance with the instruction manual for the person who is designated by order of the organization, trained and tested on knowledge of the device of fire extinguisher and normative-technical documents for its use.
Before the introduction of the fire extinguisher in operation guide initial inspection: inspect the exterior of the device, inspect the contents, condition of the installation site, including the possibility of free access to the fire extinguisher.
During the inspection pay attention to the presence of chips, dents, scratches on the casing, the nut and the head of the extinguisher. Check the condition of protective coatings. Manual fire extinguisher needs to be clear and understandable. The safety device must be sealed.
If the provided fire extinguisher gauge or pressure indicator, check its serviceability, availability of brands, the pressure in the gas cylinder.
Check the weight of the extinguisher, as the flexible hose and sprayer. They should not be corrosion, contamination, objects that impede the normal operation of the extinguisher.
Check the condition of the chassis of the mobile fire extinguisher and loose his body. Portable fire extinguisher shall be securely mounted on the wall or in the fire closet.
By results of check mark in the passport of a fire extinguisher, give it a sequence number that apply to the device and record in a logbook the extinguishers.
At the annual inspection a fire extinguisher carry out external inspection of the extinguisher, and inspection the installation location and approach to it. Possible selective opening of fire extinguishers to assess the condition of the filters and check the settings of the extinguishing agent. In case of mismatch of the requirements of normative documents eliminate the causes of deviations and recharge the fire extinguisher.

Advice 2: How to choose a fire extinguisher in the car

The fire extinguisher in the car – guarantee the safety of driver and passengers. The correct fire extinguisher purchased in a specialty store, will save your nerves and the car.
The car is enveloped in flames and smoke
In case of fire, and according to the rules of car safety should always be a fire extinguisher. But what kind of fire extinguisher is best suited? First you need to figure out what are all the fire extinguishers.

From what we can choose or the types of fire extinguishers

Water fire extinguishers (S) are more suitable for extinguishing facilities. Convenient that precipitated the lungs, rising from the fire particles and cool the fire. They can be used to extinguish electrical devices at a distance, but with combustive-lubricating substances water can't handle. Therefore, the type of OS for the machines does not work, it won't extinguish the fire in the engine or fuel tank.

Air-foam (AFP) fire extinguishers extinguish combustive-lubricating liquids and solid objects in the initial phase of the fire. AFP is used on filling stations and companies, but for the car they also will not work, because when extinguishing electrical equipment under voltage, fire may increase due to the chemical substances in the foam. And quite possibly a short circuit in the wiring.

Burning electrical equipment is energized extinguish carbon dioxide fire extinguishers (OU). It is an effective fire extinguishers used in the fire of any strength, they cope with gases, liquids, and solids. Carbon dioxide does not leave dirt, and therefore this type of extinguisher is used in business centers, offices, Packed with equipment, museums. There are portable OU, however, in the car, their use is inconvenient, because it requires special clothes and a mask, otherwise you can poison until paralysis and burns.

Powder extinguishers (OP) universal, extinguish all the fires of all classes and all types of substances. This popular type of fire extinguishers that are purchased for cars. Inside is a powder and a gas under pressure, OP is equipped with a pressure gauge that shows the readiness of the apparatus. According to the rules powder fire extinguisher in the car should be 2 years, but sold and one litre. The lack of OP – pollution powder to extinguish all the details.
Cheap fire extinguishers not having a pressure gauge, work by a chemical reaction that pushes the powder out. So they are triggered immediately, after activation you have to wait a while.

A new kind of fire extinguishers, which also can be transported in the car in case of fire - air-emulsion (CEE). They are considered safe and environmentally friendly, secondary damage is practically not applied. Extinguish all substances except burning metals, and have a long service life – up to 10 years. EIA also issued a volume of 2 liters and equipped with a modern compact look.

How to use

Most cases of ignition of the car is the engine compartment, at least a fire erupts in the cabin and very rarely in the trunk and on the chassis. The cause may be wrong the wire is too powerful audio system, peretirka old wire insulation, not extinguished cigarette or arson. In the case of thick smoke from under the hood should quickly pull the lever that opens the hood, and the hood can be opened slowly and carefully, preferably with gloves. The fire extinguisher must be readily available. Check in the pressure gauge, if everything is in order – we break the seal, pull out the pin and push the lever.
A fire extinguisher is safer to store in the trunk, but if he is in the cabin, it should not be free to roll. It requires a pin to avoid accidental activation.

In the case of rapid fire detection, a rapid response of the driver and if you have a good fire extinguisher dangerous the problem can be localized without the aid of intelligence agencies.
Is the advice useful?