Advice 1: How to prepare for ultrasound of the bladder

Ultrasound examination of the urinary bladder is painless but very informative diagnostic procedure. Due to the ultrasound can identify pathological changes in the body and control the course of treatment.
How to prepare for ultrasound of the bladder
Ultrasound examination of urinary bladder is shown:
- patients with diseases of the urinary system;
- with the appearance of micro - and gross hematuria (blood in urine);
- if there are complaints of painful urination and discomfort in the abdomen;
- changes in the urine;
- urolithiasis;
- in cases of suspected tumors;
- after injury, which could cause damage to the body;
- urolithiasis;
- when the diverticulum of the urinary bladder;
in some other cases, on prescription.
For a couple of hours before the appointed time of the study, drink a liter of fluid. It can be tea, milk, drink, juice or just water. If after an hour you don't feel the filling of urinary bladder, you should drink even half a liter of liquid. In the case when the on, by contrast, has filled ahead of time, and you can't tolerate, you can gently empty the bladder in order to relieve the tension. In this case, you must drink the liquid to the time of the study, the bladder was completely filled.
You can fill the bladder in a natural way, i.e. simply to refrain from urinating in the 4-6 hours preceding the study. If the ultrasound is scheduled for the early morning, you can just not to pee in the night. If the study is planned closer to lunch, the morning emptying of the urinary bladder should be the last.
In rare cases, when research is needed urgently and the doctor can't wait for the physiological filling of the urinary bladder, is assigned to a single dose of a diuretic drug. But this method is very unpopular, because many patients have contraindications to such drugs.
Patients suffering from urinary incontinence, performed catheterization of the bladder.

Advice 2: How to prepare for ultrasound

Ultrasound is currently one of the most informative modern methods of diagnosis used in medicine. You can spend several ultrasonic research of organs. Ultrasound is completely safe for the patient, no radiation exposure.
Special training ultrasound usually does not exist. All recommendations for the preparation of the study gives your doctor. Ultrasound is performed in a clinic or hospital, the procedure lasts 20-30 minutes. Preparations for an ultrasound depends on the survey.
How to prepare for ultrasound
Abdominal ultrasound (liver, pancreas, spleen, gallbladder):

1. It is recommended that two days before the ultrasound scan to exclude from the diet foods that promote flatulence (raw vegetables rich in fiber - cabbage, peas, beans; milk and dairy products; foods high in carbohydrates – cakes, pastries, cakes and others).

2. It is necessary to take sorbents (espumizan, smectite, activated charcoal), if you have observed symptoms of flatulence. The sorbents are taken 12 hours before the study. The required amount of sorbent is determined by a physician.

3. It is advisable to conduct an ultrasound in the morning, on an empty stomach. If the research is conducted in the second half of the day, you are allowed a light Breakfast in the morning, 6 hours before the procedure.
Breast ultrasound:

Ultrasound examination of mammary glands is not required training. Ultrasound is preferably carried out in the first phase of the menstrual cycle (the first 7-12 days ).
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs (uterus, epididymis, bladder, in women):

1. In gynecological ultrasound through the abdomen (transabdominal method) training is required of the bladder. Taken 1 liter of fluid (drinking water) 1 hour before the procedure.

2. When transvaginal (brachytherapy) of gynecological ultrasound training is not required, ultrasound is conducted in a free, empty the bladder.
Ultrasound of the prostate(prostate) and the bladder in men:

1. Before the examination you should drink 1 liter of fluid (drinking water) 1 hour before procedure. The bladder should be full.

2. To carry out cleansing enema the night before the ultrasound examination.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland, lymph nodes, salivary glands, ultrasound of vessels of head, blood vessels of the extremities, ultrasound, soft tissue ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography), and kidney do not require additional training. All studies are based on special sensors.
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