Advice 1: How to know that you were bitten by a tick

The time when ticks are most assets are spring and summer. Attacks are becoming more frequent in April, may and October. These parasites choose to hunt morning or evening hours since do not like the hot time of day.
How to know that you were bitten by a tick
Instruction
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Many people believe that ticks are found only on trees, but this is a misconception. Generally, their habitat is grass and low bushes, where they take expectant position. At the slightest contact of person with the branch of a tick clings to its prey and, finding the softest spot on the body, begins to sink its jaw into the skin. The amount of blood that it can suck in a person not so great, compared to what harm when it is applied. Because ticks is the vectors of diseases such as encephalitis and Lyme disease. It is not always possible to detect an insect, on the site of the bite, which is very dangerous, people may not even know that he was bitten by a tick. Therefore, it is necessary to know the basic signs of the bite of this insect.
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Symptoms can appear immediately, but after a couple of weeks. It all depends on how long the tick has been time in your skin. The longer he stayed there, the greater the number of the viruses have time to penetrate into the body.
The most common symptoms of tick bites are fever, headaches, muscle pain, sweating and irritability.
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On the site of the bite will remain red, which increases in diameter and the center forms a white spot. Sometimes the diameter of the sting can reach 10 centimeters. Sometimes people do not attach importance to such spots on your body, and when after a few weeks the redness on the site of the bite disappears completely forget about it, but in vain. This does not mean that all went well: if the tick was contagious, the disease just went from the skin to the internal organs.
How to know that you were bitten by a tick
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If you are bitten by a tick infected with encephalitis, the consequences will not keep itself waiting. You may receive an upset stomach, weakness, fever.In severe forms of the disease there is severe headache, high fever, the infected person becomes lost in space. This may mean that the virus caused inflammation of the spinal cord and brain, struck the Central nervous system. The consequences of the disease can be dire. So at the first suspicion of a tick bite should seek help from a doctor.
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A necessary measure of protection from the bites of ticks are annual vaccinations. But you yourself can try to protect themselves. During walks in nature as often as possible make the inspection the most exposed places, try not to wear open things, at the first suspicion of a bite seek medical help.

Advice 2: What to do if bitten by a tick

Summer and autumn is a time of increased activity of ticks. The bite of the tick Ixodes can be deadly to humans, as these small spiders are potential carriers of many diseases. For example, they can spread Lyme disease or tick-borne encephalitis. Everyone should know how to behave with tick bites.
What to do if bitten by a tick

Membership

Some people think that the tick can be picked up only in the forest. Perhaps, indeed, the forest is more dangerous in this respect, but to meet the mites can in the city. They are especially active in warm, humid, but not hot weather. Exercise particular caution is necessary in late spring — early summer and late summer — early autumn, because this time is the most active peak of their activity.

Detection of the tick

The tick bite may be totally noticeable, as in the saliva of this spider contains a pain-relieving substance. That is why it is necessary after each camping trip carefully inspect his body. To pay attention need the head, hair, ears, collarbone, neck, back, hands, armpits, groin and chest.

A tick that has not yet sucked blood, has a dark gray or black color, the size is not very large — about 4 mm. of blood Engorged tick will be a light gray color, the size it can reach even 1 centimeter.

The first thing people try to do when you see the spider trying to pull it out by hand or to shake off the body. Such actions can lead to undesirable consequences. Usually the abdomen of the tick breaks off, the head remains in the skin, produces inflammation and abscess.

How to get rid of the tick

Leave the tick in the skin while also dangerous, as any delay will increase the probability of contact with infectious agent in blood. Of course, if a tick is his carrier. If medical gloves are recommended to put them on before removing the tick.

Remove the tick in two different ways — with a thread or with the help of forceps. To make removing the tick with tweezers, it is necessary to take a blunt pair of tweezers, carefully grab them tick for the base of the head, but in any case not over the belly. Then slow and vykruchivatsya movements it should be taken out. If you do not have tweezers, thread is taken and tied off between the skin of the victim and the base of the head, the suction. Further, the ends of the strands stretched to the sides and the tick is successfully removed from the body.

If you can not remove a tick the first two ways, not necessary to apply excessive efforts. Instead, it is necessary to drip on the tick a drop of alcohol. This may force the insect to relax the mandible. It is not necessary to use kerosene, nail Polish, vegetable oil or other liquid. Do not try to burn the tick with a match.

If self-extraction failed and was a failure, immediately contact the nearest emergency room. If after removing the bite was swollen, red and inflamed, then do not forget to talk with your doctor. If any ailments immediately go to the doctor, as the situation may take a serious turn.

What to do after removing a tick

When the tick has been successfully extracted, it is necessary to treat the bite with some antiseptic. Don't forget to wash your hands with soap and water, unless you used gloves. Do not dispose of the tick and place it in some transparent clean jar, close tightly and deliver to the lab. Specialists will be able to determine what species this tick and find out if this spider is a carrier of any disease.

Conclusion

Correctly and in a timely manner assisted with tick bites can reduce the risk of complications. But it is better to protect yourself from possible troubles in advance. When you hike in the woods, wear clothing with long trousers and sleeves, be sure the headpiece. Legs tuck into socks or boots. At home after coming home mandatory check of the whole body, underwear and outerwear.

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