- - alcohol;
- - tincture of iodine;
- - durable thread;
- - glass bottle.
Advice 2 : What to do when a tick bite
If you came back from a walk and found his body stuck tick, the correct action would be to go to the hospital. There you will remove the parasite and send it to the laboratory tests that will help figure out the tick is a vector or not.
If you find a tick on the body of the child go immediately to the infectious Department of the hospital where the baby will remove the tick and put an injection of immunoglobulin.
Often there are situations when seeking help from professionals is not possible. For example, if you are in a forest or far from the city in the country, to remove the parasite yourself. The delay in this case is unacceptable. The probability of getting an infectious disease depends on the time during which the tick was in your skin.
Before the removal procedure wipe around the stuck tick in alcohol-containing liquid. Suitable alcohol, vodka, Cologne, toilet water, or at least iodine, brilliant green. A strong silk or woollen thread of the tie as close as possible to the proboscis of the parasite, shaking movements gently pull the tick upwards. If the proboscis was left in the skin, remove it with a needle, treated over a flame. Recoat the affected area, place the tick in a clean glass container, thoroughly wash hands and treat with alcohol-containing liquids.
Then your actions should be directed to immediately consult a doctor. The yodanthipirina, immunoglobulin rationally be put only in the first three days after a tick bite. If during this period you have not managed to take all measures not to get sick, an infectious disease, you will only have to observe the state of his health.
Blood tests for infection can be carried out only after 10 days. In earlier periods, the test will show false results.
Advice 3 : How to pull the head of the tick
- - tweezers;
- - metal hinge;
- - gauze;
- - a thread;
- - alcohol;
Advice 4 : Where to treat a tick bite
Advice 5 : What to do if a tick has crawled under the skin
Ticks and their dangers
Black forest mite cannot travel long distances, therefore his victims, he waits sitting on a branch, leaf or blade of grass. Once a person is on distance of the extended legs of the tick, it clings to your clothing or skin (most often on the face, neck, head and feet) and begins to look for a suitable for "bloodshed" place. Finding the right, fully insect plunges its proboscis under the skin and starts sucking blood from the subcutaneous blood vessels. And sometimes itself gets under the skin.
To date, forest ticks are most often attack people not only in forests but also in suburban, rural and even urban areas.
Sucking human blood, the tick distinguishes the wound quite a large number of saliva, which implements the body of pathogens of various infections. One of the most dangerous diseases spread by ticks, is encephalitis – inflammation of the brain, which can lead to death and serious complications in case of survival of the patient.
How to remove a tick
If you find a tick, pull it it is necessary very carefully. Do not start to panic – trembling hands it is difficult to remove the tick, not tearing immersed in the body of the proboscis. Place a large parasite with oil or alcohol and wait twenty minutes until it starts to suffocate under the oil-film and crawl out. Then, if the tick does not get out on their own, catch its thread loop or tweezers, gently shake and carefully remove from the skin. Be sure to disinfect and seal the wound left after the tick, because through it the body can get infected.
Remote parasite, it is desirable to put in tightly closed bottle and take the examination in an institution.
Try to visit the clinic, where you will be injected immunoglobulin containing antibodies against HBV and mites. Usually medication is single, but these appointments should be at least a month, and in case of symptoms the treatment will have to take place in the hospital.
To go to the hospital after a tick bite is just necessary if one notes the cramps, paralysis of certain groups of muscles, impaired sensitivity, headaches and high temperature. All these symptoms may indicate the development of tick-borne encephalitis, which in absence of appropriate treatment with medicine can lead to death within one week.
Advice 6 : What to do if you are bitten by a tick
To avoid a tick bite, you need to take precautions to regularly do preventive vaccination and the use of repellents. In that case, if bitten by a tick should contact the emergency room to remove it, because ticks can be dangerous. If bitten by a tick, but no opportunity to go to the doctor, try to remove it yourself, doing it as carefully as possible.
What to do if bitten by a tick
Should I try to pull the tick yourself? Yes, but you need the curved or any other tweezers or special tweezers. Do not try to simply pull the tick Ixodes from the body. Chances are good that you will tear off the body, and the insect head remain. It is the most dangerous, so try to grab the tick as close to the head, then it needs to be carefully rotated on its axis in any direction and at the same time pulling from the body. The only way to remove the tick, it does so and the doctor in the emergency room.
Do not try to pull and don't need to intercept the tweezers to relieve the pressure and eliminate contact with the wound the saliva of the tick Ixodes, this will help reduce the risk of infection with tick-borne encephalitis or other infection transmitted tick. If you are not able to avoid rupture of the tick, and the wound in his head, it is necessary to remove, as a splinter, and then to treat the wound with a solution of brilliant green or iodine.
What to do with Ixodes tick
If bitten by a tick, but managed to remove it, the insect must be sent to the laboratory for testing for carriers of infections. To do this, put it in a glass bottle, tightly close the lid and put it in the fridge. It is desirable that the tick was alive when you deliver it to the lab. If you only have fragments, bring them in also, but in this case, the probability of detection of infection is greatly reduced.
If you find that Ixodes tick was infectious, you will need to do a preventive treatment after a tick bite. For urgent prevention of encephalitis by a physician using special drugs. This is basically what should I do if bitten by a tick. The smaller tick was in contact with the body, the less the risk of infection, so it is advisable to remove a tick from the body. The most accurate way to determine if the infection is to take a blood test, but not immediately after a tick bite, and after 10 days later.
Advice 7 : What to do after a tick bite
How dangerous ticks
Mites that live on the territory of Russia, often are carriers of two serious diseases: tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease. Ticks live in forest litter – a layer of last years leaves and fresh grass, warmed by the sun and moderately moist. In swamp forests, and open dry glades mites are not found.
Attacking the man, the tick secretes from his salivary glands a substance similar to the anesthetic, so usually one does not feel the bite. Further, within a few hours, stick the tick feeds on the blood, accumulating it in reserve in your abdomen, and then disappears. During this time, if a tick is infected with a virus encephalitis or borreliae, there may be infected person.
Tick-borne encephalitis – an acute viral disease affecting the nervous system. Its symptoms are similar to flu: fever, headache, pain in the muscles. After some time, added neurological symptoms caused by brain damage – seizures, muscle damage, rarely coma, and, consequently, death. Sometimes after the disease for life remains partial or full paralysis of the limbs. Lyme disease – a disease that primarily affects the joints and muscles. Untreated Lyme disease can lead to complete disability.
What to do if bitten by a tick
The most appropriate action when a tick bite is the address to the doctor. But if you get to hospital is not possible, you need to try as soon as possible to get rid of the mites on their own. If it is infected with tick-borne encephalitis virus, the probability of becoming infected is directly proportional to the contact time of the tick with blood of man.
To remove a tick it is necessary very carefully, trying not to crush, tweezers counterclockwise. In no case do not pull and pull – there is a risk to leave in the skin of the head of the tick, which will have to be removed surgically.
After removing the tick, inspect. He should have five appendages: four legs and a proboscis. If processes is less so something that can stay under the skin.
You can't throw the tick after extraction. It must be placed in a small sealed container and take it to the study based on the paragraphs of the study of ticks in your city is better to know in advance).
In 10 days after the bite required to donate blood for antibodies to encephalitis and borreliosis. After that, the hospital will tell you when to come for repeat tests because antibodies need to track dynamics.
First aid for tick bites is the introduction of immunoglobulin for the prevention of encephalitis. To give you a shot or not – everyone decides for himself. But remember, if the disease does develop, the treatment will be very long and serious. For the prevention of Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics.
How to protect yourself from tick bites
Going into the woods, you need to wear closed clothes with long sleeves and a hat. Every two hours is recommended to spend itself - and vzaimoosmotry. Pets after a walk should also be examined carefully.
Against tick-borne encephalitis has a vaccine, but the first introduction should be done in the fall, for 6 months before a possible contact with ticks. More about this can be found in the district hospital. From Lyme disease there is no vaccine.
Advice 8 : As bitten by a tick
Mites are small, in the fasted state their length does not exceed 4 mm, while females are slightly larger than males. At the moment when the tick drinks blood, it can reach up to 3 cm.
The tick bite
Ticks waiting for victims on the ground, putting thus forward the front legs, which have special sense organs capable of responding to the odors and warmth. When approaching prey, the tick latches onto it with its front paws. But when he reached the body, biting mite slow, it can take up to several hours before it happens. At this time, if it finds out that the bite will be avoided.
Chosen place for a bite, mite chelicerae (oral appendages) bites through the skin, and then pushes into the wound, hypostome (special outgrowth of the proboscis, covered with a kind of hooks, intended for attaching the tick to the animal). During a bite, with tick saliva enters the pain killers, so this moment is almost always not caught.
The male ticks attach themselves for a few hours, and then fall off, often remaining unnoticed by the victim, females are on the body for a few days. But the threat of infection, e.g. tick-borne encephalitis from the floor of the insect depends.
What to do in case of detection of a tick on the skin
After discovering the tick, do not panic and try to immediately get rid of the insect sucking on the skin. Clamp firmly placed in the middle of the wound and therefore, it must slowly erode. If you hurry is likely to leave the head of the tick in the wound.
Pulling out the tick, do not eat at the same forceps or tweezers, just pull softly the insect clockwise. Some manage to throw a loop on the body of the tick and spreading to the sides of the thread to pull it out.
Before the procedure, smear the tick with vegetable oil and wait about 10 minutes and then remove. Note: do not coat the tick with alcohol-containing liquids.
Actions with tick bites
Often the tick bite is found after he disappeared. On the site of the bite there is a red spot with a diameter of about one centimeter. If the bite made the infected insect, it may cause serious health problems. In particular, tick-borne encephalitis, which affects the nervous system that can cause inflammation of the brain. The treatment of the disease is quite complex and not rare cases of lethal outcome.
Signs of tick bite can be the usual increase in temperature and pain in the muscles, it's very similar to acute respiratory disease.
Disease Lyme borreliosis may not manifest until 6 months, however, the infection in the body develops. This disease usually accompanied by fever and timely treatment can prevent kidney failure and heart.
In any case, after a tick bite, you must visit a doctor who will be able to determine what kind of bite and the time to prescribe treatment.
Advice 9 : What to do when I tick on
- - tweezers;
- - thread.
Advice 10 : Where do ticks bite
The danger lies not so much in the possibility of the bite as in late discovered the place where the tick has stuck. And if the visible parts of the body are thoroughly inspected under the bends of your knees or in the creases of the breast risk not to notice the tick is very high.
The tick bite
A tick bite carries the risk of Contracting encephalitis. And the longer the insect is in contact with the person, the higher the risk. Not all ticks are carriers of this dangerous virus, but again in the case of not detecting the bite in time increases the risk of wound infection.
The intervention of the tick sometimes hard to feel. The fact that upon contact with animal skin and inject their saliva than anaesthetises the bite. Mite clings to the vessels and feeds on blood until, until he will find, infecting the blood and exposing it to a man in mortal danger.
The bites of the tick
Mite selects its prey by smell. For the bite of this parasite chooses a soft and warm place, preferably moist – so any hidden fold on the body can be a temporary haven for mites. Definitely in this place blood vessels should be located as close as possible to the surface of the skin, that was easy to get to them.
This is mainly the armpits, neck, area behind the ears, under the shoulder blades, groin, buttocks, rarely the muscles of the calves and shoulders. And the sweaty places under the elastic band, belly, bend your knees and folds of the breast.
Under the hair skin is also delicate, and because ticks often choose to bite the head, but to find it difficult.
Any prevention of ticks and insect bites starts with the right kind of clothes. In a place where a lot of trees and tall grass, it should be possible to close all areas of the skin, and the remaining visible spray repellent – special repel any parasites.
Upon returning home or to the place of temporary lodging you should carefully inspect themselves and each other, subjected to critical investigation of all suspected bites and take appropriate measures if a tick still managed to sink into the skin. Removal of tick and treatment of bite it is better to trust the health worker is to immediately contact the nearest hospital.