The seasonal peak activity of mites occurs at the end of April – beginning of July, this is the time you should be very vigilant when going on vacation out of town or in the Park. In other summer months there is a decline in the insect bites a person, but to weaken the attention is not until October. Mites can attack you even warm and dry autumn.
Being in the woods, avoid shaded places with high humidity, not crawl into thickets of young aspen or malinniki, it is here that mites are the most common. In addition, insects accumulate on the edges of forest trails and river banks covered with tall grass. Ticks climb up on the stems of plants and small shrubs (up to meters in height) and waiting for their prey.
Moving on the terrain, choose a bright open grove with no underbrush, dry pine forests (mites don't like it settles in the coniferous forests, broad meadows and other areas where it's Sunny and quite windy. Ticks are most active morning and evening, when there is no heat. In addition, during rain, the danger of their attack is also reduced.
Choosing the right clothes will help to protect yourself from tick bites. Put on your jacket bolonevy of smooth tissue where insects would be difficult to resist. T-shirt or a shirt, you must tuck in pants, cuffs and pant legs tightly fasten to the ankle with elastic from socks. Pay special attention to the protection of the head, so as to find caught in the hair of the mites will be very difficult. Remove the hair under a tight-fitting cap or cover of their hood. Unprotected body parts ( hands, neck) treated with a repellent, apply the product on the cuffs and collar. Every two hours inspect exposed areas of the body, and after returning home, thoroughly inspect yourself, all the clothes and shoes.
Advice 2: Where there are mites
Mites are the most common representatives of the arachnids that attack animals and humans. According to the statistics of 2011, from the invasion of these bloodsuckers in Russia has suffered more than 570 thousand people. The main danger is infection, which carry these arthropods: encephalitis, liberalis, and the animals — piroplasmosis. Fans of outdoor recreation can protect themselves by following simple rules of behavior in the forest and the Park. First of all, it is important to know where there are ticks.
The first spring hike in the woods or the Park, please contact the local exterminators. Learn whether recorded in your region cases of tick-borne encephalitis and other diseases. If necessary you will be referred for vaccination. Employees of the sanitary control will tell you what time and where to wait for the invasion of mites.
If you do not use protective clothing and special protection products, during the recreation a lot of chances to hook up with a bloodsucker. This is an extremely numerous class – there are more than 48 thousand species! Most living on land and in fresh water, feeding on decaying organic matter.
In green areas, you will likely encounter soil mites. They love to chew on plant residues, which can be in the forest litter. In April the adult females become more active and crawl out on the hunt. For the normal maturation of the eggs they need nutritious food the blood of animals and humans.
Predators moving on the green bushes and waiting for their prey. They may take a fancy to meadows and shrub thickets, clear cuts and forest edges. Most ticks happen in very moist and moderately shady places, among the deciduous trees, in ravines, dense herbage, young aspen, hazel and clover. If you have a pond, they will hide in coastal thickets.
Your task is to explore the distinctive landscapes and avoid most crowded places of the mites. Some of their representatives are able to smell the victim at a distance of ten meters. Therefore, a particularly large number of predators accumulate on the grass and bushes along the roads, which are constantly people walking. Should beware and branches that hang over the trail at a height of not more than a meter.
Sanitary doctors emphasize that the highest number of mites was observed in the period from late April to early July. At this time the best places for walking in the fresh air will be well lit and windy meadows, groves and landing without undergrowth, dry pine forest. The most active arthropods show in the mornings and evenings. A day in hot weather and during rain, the danger of an attack of the bloodsuckers is greatly reduced.
Gradually nutrient reserves are depleted ticks, and they die. Already hot in June and July they almost never attack people. However, until the end of September, some representatives of this class are temporarily activated, so during the "tick season" don't forget about safety precautions.
Advice 3: What disease is transmitted by ticks
Ticks are dangerous because they are carriers of dangerous diseases. And one bite can be infected by several diseases, which,if delaying treatment can lead to serious complications and even death.
One of the most dangerous diseases carried by these blood-suckers, is a tick-borne encephalitis. It affects the nervous system, gives the complications in the brain and spinal cord. In the form of flu-like symptoms of this disease are similar to common cold: weakness, aching muscles and joints, fever. In the meningeal form of the patient, in addition to the above symptoms, feel strong chills, painful headaches. If time does not go to the doctor, you can remain disabled or die.
The second and equally dangerous disease, which can be transmitted after the tick bite is Lyme disease or Lyme disease. The incubation period for this disease is much more prolonged and can last from 7 to 31 days. The symptoms are similar to flu-like form of encephalitis, but the bite almost always there is a clear red ring. Lyme disease can be treated effectively with antibiotics, but in advanced chronic form to cope with it is much more difficult. In the latter case can develop a rare and severe form of dermatitis, arthrosis and arthritis.
Ticks carry diseases such as typhus and relapsing tick fever. These infectious diseases are characterized by a sharp rise in temperature to 38-40 ° C, chills, severe sweating, aching muscles, feeling of weakness. When typhus tick-borne typhus in the bite location you can detect the area of necrosis of the skin, and then skin rashes, and recurrent typhus – a papule cherry color.
In addition, ticks carry piroplasmosis virus that is not dangerous to humans, but can seriously damage the health of Pets. Animal, sick piroplasmosis requires immediate treatment with special drugs. The symptoms of this disease are fever, lack of appetite, lethargy, diarrhea.