You will need
- - analysis of blood;
- - mite.
Manifestations of tick-borne encephalitis is diverse enough, the incubation period can last from one to thirty days. The disease begins suddenly and is manifested by chills, a rapid rise in temperature to 38-39 degrees, which is held for 5-10 days.
If you are concerned about severe headache, fatigue, weakness, body aches, sleep disturbances, nausea, and vomiting after being bitten by a tick, immediately contact your doctor. These symptoms can be signs of illness, tick-borne encephalitis. Many patients noted flushing of the eyes and face. From the third to fifth day after the first signs of developing Central nervous system: motor excitation or, conversely, lethargy; delirium, drowsiness, hallucinations. In some cases can have seizures.
In some patients, infection is complicated by paralysis of muscles upper limbs and neck. The characteristic symptom for tick-borne encephalitis is an involuntary twitching of individual muscle groups. This may be a feeling of numbness of the skin, impaired swallowing reflex, the ambiguity of the question.
Take the tick that bit you in a special lab, where it examined for the presence of the virus. If the analysis shows that the insect is infected with encephalitis or some other infection please contact the hospital and give the appropriate blood tests. There are emergency prevention of encephalitis, carried after the tick bite. In this case used drugs immunoglobulin and yodanthipirina. Also, you can assign rimantadine (not later than two days since the bite) in a dose of 100 mg two times a day with a 12-hour break within three days. Remember that encephalitis is a very serious disease that can lead to death or serious complications.
The most effective prevention of infection of this virus is to prevent sucking ticks (observance of safety measures in nature) and vaccination. Leaving on nature, use of various protective repellent. If you have Pets (cats, dogs), take steps to protect them from these blood-sucking parasites. You can purchase a special collar that will protect your pet from the attack of mites.
Advice 2: How to identify tick-borne encephalitis
In the spring and summer season hike in the woods could turn into such a serious disease like encephalitis. The development of the disease depends on the degree of pathogenicity of the virus and immune status. Advanced forms of encephalitis can lead to disability or death, therefore, it is crucial to identify the disease.
You will need
- - extracted a tick.
The main vector of tick-borne encephalitis - ticks. They are especially active in may and June. Therefore, in these months when walking through the forest, you should apply the funds, frightening blood-sucking, and coming home, inspect yourself, clothes, things for the presence of these insects.
If you are bitten by a tick, carefully remove it. This procedure is best done in the clinic and then send the tick for analysis. The incubation period of this disease can range from several days to three weeks, because you need to carefully monitor their well-being. As emergency help you can enter a specific tick immunoglobulin, if passed no more than two days since the bite.
The severity of the disease depends on the degree of pathogenicity of the virus. In mild febrile form of encephalitis, there is a General intoxication of the organism. From it starts severe headache, body aches, fever up to 38-40 degrees. The fever may last from two to seven days. The symptoms are easily confused with the common flu, so if they came a few days after the tick bite, it is necessary to address urgently to the hospital. There will conduct the necessary tests. This is usually a lumbar puncture and blood tests for the presence of antibodies to tick-borne encephalitis. Thus it is possible to diagnose the disease with high accuracy.
If the virus gets to the meninges, then after a few days of calm starts the second wave of fever, more strong and heavy than the first. Added neurological symptoms of brain damage, such as rigidity of muscles of occiput, Kernig's signs and Brudzinskogo (while trying to straighten a bent in the knee joint of the leg it is not suitable, there is an involuntary flexion at the knee of the other leg), light and soukoban. In the laboratory appear moderate CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis, increased protein. With timely treatment prognosis is favorable, often there comes a full recovery.
If the virus affects the body's neurons, there is coma, hallucinations, paresis and paralysis of muscles depending on the depth and the affected area of infection. Changes in blood and CSF was significant. With this severe disease can occur death or disability. So do not neglect the prevention of tick-borne encephalitis and the time to contact your doctor.
Tick-borne encephalitis can be transmitted not only from the mites, but also eating unboiled milk of infected animals. This form of the disease is usually milder, but with a weakened immune system can also lead to serious consequences.
If the tick has bitten the child, preferably 21 days to adopt a child "Anaferon" 3 times a day (dosage according to instructions, depending on age). In this case, the probability of developing the disease is reduced.
Advice 3: How to recognize a tick
Spring and summer ticks are most active. However, the victim of their attacks can be even in October, especially in the morning or evening when it's chilly outside. To protect yourself from their bites are quite capable to everyone.
Remember that tick can get to the skin not only from the tree. They mostly live in the grass or bushes where it is more convenient to quietly crawl to the animal or human. You only need to touch the branches, began to tick its way to a vulnerable place, and began to bite into the skin. Remember, not concerned whether you are walking branches, do not go on the grass.
Many did not notice a tick on your body, because its bite is almost imperceptible. Moreover, the first symptoms usually occur only a few days or even weeks. It depends on the characteristics of the organism and to how many viruses and waste products of the mites got into your body. Among the symptoms: fever, muscle and headaches, irritability, fatigue, sweating.
If the tick that bit you was a carrier of the encephalitis, then to the specified symptoms quickly and others are having more serious consequences. Please note, if you have a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, severe weakness, increasing head pain, and you begin to lose orientation in space, perhaps it is a symptoms of spinal cord and brain in connection with the penetration into the body of the tick-borne encephalitis virus. Immediately consult a doctor!
Carefully inspect the place of the alleged bite. It is sure to be redness, which begins to increase in size. In the center is the spot white. While the spot can reach size 10 inches. Pay attention to the discoloration of the skin after returning from the street. Redness of the same after some time may disappear altogether.
The measures of protection against tick bites can be attributed to vaccination. The vaccine is required to enter once a year. You can do this by contacting the clinic. In addition, while outdoors, try not to expose the body. Be sure to inspect after each outing, ask for help of family or friends.
At the first sign of a tick bite or suspected bite, seek medical attention immediately.