Calcium is the main macronutrient that form bone, dental tissue, hair and nails. It is necessary for the processes of transmission of nerve impulses to the heart muscle, blood clotting, muscle contraction. If there is insufficient calcium in the body is disturbed cardiac and neural activity, bones become brittle, hair and nails, disrupted the structure of the teeth. A person may develop hypocalcemia (lack of calcium in the blood).
The female body need for calcium increases during pregnancy because this element is essential for the proper development of the fetus. The number of correctly assimilated calcium affects mental and physical development of the unborn child. This macronutrient is needed and lactation. But if calcium is not to be missed growing organism, the unborn baby may develop rickets.
Lack of calcium is found in the body of the people on prolonged bedrest, patients with tuberculosis, osteoporosis, asthma.
In all these cases, the shortfall of this important macronutrient, a doctor appointed by calcium gluconate. The drug is available in tablets and in solution for intravenous and intramuscular introduction. The dose and method of administration must appoint a doctor. Usually the drug in tablets taken 2-3 times a day before meals or an hour and a half after eating. Adults should take 1-3 g of calcium gluconate, children up to 1 year - 0.5 g, 2-4 years, 1 g; 5-6 years - 1-1,5 g; 7-9 years - 1.5-2 g; 10-14 years - 2-3 g.
The drug there are contraindications. Calcium gluconate should not be prescribed for hypersensitivity, hypercalcemia, kidney stones. It should be used with caution in dehydration and water retention in the body.
Calcium gluconate has the following side effects: when ingested, it can cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. May cause nausea, vomiting, constipation. With the introduction of intramuscularly or intravenously may drop blood pressure. Keep in mind that excess calcium is harmful and gives an additional burden on the kidneys.
Prevention of occurrence of deficiency of calcium in the body is daily consumption of certain products. A large amount of this macronutrient contains cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, milk, bananas, rye bread and nuts.
Advice 2: How to fill the calcium in the body after 40 years
After 40 years the woman starts hormonal changes, dramatically decreases estrogen levels, happen the huge loss of vital trace elements calcium, because of which there is irritability, fatigue, skin fades, hair and nails become brittle and dull. To fill the calcium deficiency can be balanced diet, including a diet high in foods with these micronutrients, or as directed by a doctor to take drugs that contain calcium.
You will need
- - calcium supplements;
- - foods rich in calcium;
- - olive oil.
The woman after forty years of age need 1,000 mg of calcium daily. If you experience frequent headaches, pain in the legs or lower back, cramps, insomnia or drowsiness, often suffer from colds, consult your physician. You draw the line on General and biochemical blood analysis, on the basis of which to judge the lack of calcium in the body.
If the tests showed a significant calcium deficiency, the doctor will recommend drugs based on it. This files most often is assigned to the drug under the trade name "Calcium D3 Nycomed", "Calcimin", "Calcite", "Calcium Active" or others.
All drugs have high bioavailability, but their uncontrolled use is undesirable. But if you have found a low level of estrogen or a disease of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, gall bladder, thyroid gland, without synthetic drugs to make up for the calcium you will not succeed. Also rational use of calcium supplements, if you often drink non-steroid or diuretic drugs.
If serious diseases it is not revealed, instead of calcium daily in the diet include sesame not less than 100 g, in which the content of calcium is equal to 1200 mg. of Swiss cheese in 100g contains 1000 mg of calcium, that is, as much as is required for a woman after 40 years.
Covers the daily requirement of calcium, 200 g cheese, 300 g of sunflower seeds, 300 g of sardines in oil 330 g of whole condensed milk, 450 g of fresh parsley, 600 g of dried apricots, 700g of beans, 400 g of milk 250 g of cottage cheese.
If you systematically consume foods rich in calcium, the intake of synthetic drugs or dietary supplements do not need. Besides, getting calcium from foods, you run the risk of its overdose. All calcium-rich foods use olive oil, which contains large amounts of vitamin E, is conducive to better its absorption.
Advice 3: How to determine calcium deficiency in the body
Calcium deficiency is quite insidious pathology, the consequences of which the person feels immediately, as they are practically invisible and only become apparent after months or years in the form of osteoporosis, fragile nails, hair and teeth, as well as other unpleasant diseases. However, if you define a lack of calcium in the early stage, illnesses were entirely avoidable.
The first signs of calcium deficiency referred the frequent occurrence of anxiety, tension, irritability and fatigue. Calcium deficiency also affects the appearance – the skin ceases to be elastic, dries and becomes dull, while nails and hair become brittle, and the teeth begin to deteriorate at a disastrous speed. In children lack of calcium often leads to the development of scoliosis and flat feet.
In addition, when this problem arises a feeling of constant flowing of muscles also often develop cramps and bouts of muscle cramps in the legs, which are often disturbed in the night. The lack of this element in the body is manifested by involuntary tremors of the extremities, as well as the development of spastic colitis and constipation. The main part of the calcium enters the human body with food, after which it is absorbed in the intestinal tract, and its exchange occurs in the tissue of the bones. The optimum level of calcium in the blood must be from 2.15 - 2.5 mmol/L.
Traditionally, the lack of calcium in the body is determined by laboratory and instrumental studies, representing the blood or measurement of bone density (densitometry). However, for starters, you can do without specialized diagnostic, defining the probability of its occurrence in the risk group on a number of specific factors. Thus, the person experiences a calcium deficiency if he didn't eat daily at least three servings of dairy products (yogurt, cheese, milk, cheese).
Affects the availability of calcium and Smoking and constant stresses. However, to make up for the lack, do not have to start fanatically to eat dairy products (although their frequent consumption is the solution to the problem). Enough to buy a quality product containing in its composition calcium and vitamin D, and also to take vitamin complexes, which include the necessary human minerals – copper, magnesium, manganese, boron and zinc. They will accelerate the absorption of the calcium and allow it to be absorbed in the body to the maximum. In addition, make sure to give your body the physical activity, without which bones will not strengthen even with daily use of dairy products.
People with calcium deficiency may experience strange desire – for example, he may want to eat chalk or plaster.
Advice 4: How to apply calcium gluconate
Calcium gluconate is appointed by doctors quite often. It is also particularly important during pregnancy. But just buy a drug and take it, following the instructions is not enough. Need to know how to drink the medicine, in order to bring the body maximum benefits.
Indications calcium gluconate
Of calcium gluconate is usually prescribed for diseases that are accompanied by hypocalcemia and impaired conduction of nerve impulses in the muscles. It is also an indication for use is the increased permeability of the cell membranes.
In principle, the spectrum of diseases for which treatment is used, calcium gluconate, quite wide. Its use is indicated for disorders of metabolism of vitamin D, hypoparathyroidism, chronic diarrhea, increased excretion of calcium.
In addition, diseases which shows the use of calcium gluconate are allergic diseases, bleeding, dermatosis and different reactions on food and medicines. Also these include swelling of alimentary dystrophy, tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, eclampsia, parenchymal hepatitis, toxic liver damage.
Huge positive effect of calcium gluconate is brings during pregnancy and lactation. As it is often prescribed to women in menopausal period.
The correct application of calcium gluconate
It is best absorbed in the body calcium gluconate, which is ingested in powder form. Therefore, before taking the pill should be crushed. To drink they need for about a half hour before meals or after the same amount of time after. Best of all the drug to drink milk, but, nevertheless, water is not forbidden. Importantly, the liquid was much.
If the doctor had not voiced you any individual scheme taking the medicine, drink it twice a day. In case of serious diagnoses – three.
For the assimilation of calcium gluconate is very important to observe one rule. This drug is absorbed only in combination with vitamin D. If you are taking expensive medication, it is likely to contain the necessary elements. In the case of domestic consumption of pills should drink needed trace mineral Supplement.
Some drugs are categorically forbidden to use simultaneously with calcium gluconate. They are heart drugs and antibiotics. Their interaction may lead to unwanted side effects.
Follow me if taking calcium gluconate. Drink plenty of fluids during the period of his admission. If you have any deviation, e.g., vomiting, diarrhea, tachycardia, or pressure surges, as soon as possible to go to the doctor.