Calcium is the main macronutrient that form bone, dental tissue, hair and nails. It is necessary for the processes of transmission of nerve impulses to the heart muscle, blood clotting, muscle contraction. If there is insufficient calcium in the body is disturbed cardiac and neural activity, bones become brittle, hair and nails, disrupted the structure of the teeth. A person may develop hypocalcemia (lack of calcium in the blood).
The female body need for calcium increases during pregnancy because this element is essential for the proper development of the fetus. The number of correctly assimilated calcium affects mental and physical development of the unborn child. This macronutrient is needed and lactation. But if calcium is not to be missed growing organism, the unborn baby may develop rickets.
Lack of calcium is found in the body of the people on prolonged bedrest, patients with tuberculosis, osteoporosis, asthma.
In all these cases, the shortfall of this important macronutrient, a doctor appointed by calcium gluconate. The drug is available in tablets and in solution for intravenous and intramuscular introduction. The dose and method of administration must appoint a doctor. Usually the drug in tablets taken 2-3 times a day before meals or an hour and a half after eating. Adults should take 1-3 g of calcium gluconate, children up to 1 year - 0.5 g, 2-4 years, 1 g; 5-6 years - 1-1,5 g; 7-9 years - 1.5-2 g; 10-14 years - 2-3 g.
The drug there are contraindications. Calcium gluconate should not be prescribed for hypersensitivity, hypercalcemia, kidney stones. It should be used with caution in dehydration and water retention in the body.
Calcium gluconate has the following side effects: when ingested, it can cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. May cause nausea, vomiting, constipation. With the introduction of intramuscularly or intravenously may drop blood pressure. Keep in mind that excess calcium is harmful and gives an additional burden on the kidneys.
Prevention of occurrence of deficiency of calcium in the body is daily consumption of certain products. A large amount of this macronutrient contains cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, milk, bananas, rye bread and nuts.
Advice 2: How to determine calcium deficiency in the body
Calcium deficiency is quite insidious pathology, the consequences of which the person feels immediately, as they are practically invisible and only become apparent after months or years in the form of osteoporosis, fragile nails, hair and teeth, as well as other unpleasant diseases. However, if you define a lack of calcium in the early stage, illnesses were entirely avoidable.
The first signs of calcium deficiency referred the frequent occurrence of anxiety, tension, irritability and fatigue. Calcium deficiency also affects the appearance – the skin ceases to be elastic, dries and becomes dull, while nails and hair become brittle, and the teeth begin to deteriorate at a disastrous speed. In children lack of calcium often leads to the development of scoliosis and flat feet.
In addition, when this problem arises a feeling of constant flowing of muscles also often develop cramps and bouts of muscle cramps in the legs, which are often disturbed in the night. The lack of this element in the body is manifested by involuntary tremors of the extremities, as well as the development of spastic colitis and constipation. The main part of the calcium enters the human body with food, after which it is absorbed in the intestinal tract, and its exchange occurs in the tissue of the bones. The optimum level of calcium in the blood must be from 2.15 - 2.5 mmol/L.
Traditionally, the lack of calcium in the body is determined by laboratory and instrumental studies, representing the blood or measurement of bone density (densitometry). However, for starters, you can do without specialized diagnostic, defining the probability of its occurrence in the risk group on a number of specific factors. Thus, the person experiences a calcium deficiency if he didn't eat daily at least three servings of dairy products (yogurt, cheese, milk, cheese).
Affects the availability of calcium and Smoking and constant stresses. However, to make up for the lack, do not have to start fanatically to eat dairy products (although their frequent consumption is the solution to the problem). Enough to buy a quality product containing in its composition calcium and vitamin D, and also to take vitamin complexes, which include the necessary human minerals – copper, magnesium, manganese, boron and zinc. They will accelerate the absorption of the calcium and allow it to be absorbed in the body to the maximum. In addition, make sure to give your body the physical activity, without which bones will not strengthen even with daily use of dairy products.
People with calcium deficiency may experience strange desire – for example, he may want to eat chalk or plaster.