Ticks are most active from April to September, but many of them, having survived the first frost, again activated. They love cool and try to live in places where the sun is blazing and the temperature does not exceed the threshold of +20 °C.

Mites are small, in the fasted state their length does not exceed 4 mm, while females are slightly larger than males. At the moment when the tick drinks blood, it can reach up to 3 cm.

The tick bite

Ticks waiting for victims on the ground, putting thus forward the front legs, which have special sense organs capable of responding to the odors and warmth. When approaching prey, the tick latches onto it with its front paws. But when he reached the body, biting mite slow, it can take up to several hours before it happens. At this time, if it finds out that the bite will be avoided.

Chosen place for a bite, mite chelicerae (oral appendages) bites through the skin, and then pushes into the wound, hypostome (special outgrowth of the proboscis, covered with a kind of hooks, intended for attaching the tick to the animal). During a bite, with tick saliva enters the pain killers, so this moment is almost always not caught.

The male ticks attach themselves for a few hours, and then fall off, often remaining unnoticed by the victim, females are on the body for a few days. But the threat of infection, e.g. tick-borne encephalitis from the floor of the insect depends.

What to do in case of detection of a tick on the skin

After discovering the tick, do not panic and try to immediately get rid of the insect sucking on the skin. Clamp firmly placed in the middle of the wound and therefore, it must slowly erode. If you hurry is likely to leave the head of the tick in the wound.

Pulling out the tick, do not eat at the same forceps or tweezers, just pull softly the insect clockwise. Some manage to throw a loop on the body of the tick and spreading to the sides of the thread to pull it out.

Before the procedure, smear the tick with vegetable oil and wait about 10 minutes and then remove. Note: do not coat the tick with alcohol-containing liquids.

Actions with tick bites

Often the tick bite is found after he disappeared. On the site of the bite there is a red spot with a diameter of about one centimeter. If the bite made the infected insect, it may cause serious health problems. In particular, tick-borne encephalitis, which affects the nervous system that can cause inflammation of the brain. The treatment of the disease is quite complex and not rare cases of lethal outcome.

Signs of tick bite can be the usual increase in temperature and pain in the muscles, it's very similar to acute respiratory disease.

Disease Lyme borreliosis may not manifest until 6 months, however, the infection in the body develops. This disease usually accompanied by fever and timely treatment can prevent kidney failure and heart.

In any case, after a tick bite, you must visit a doctor who will be able to determine what kind of bite and the time to prescribe treatment.