You will need
- - study of the thyroid gland;
- isotope diagnostics;
- - ultrasonic diagnostics;
- - hormone treatment;
- - radiotherapy;
- - pressure bandage on the eye;
- - antibiotic therapy;
- - the vitamins;
- - sedatives;
- - surgical treatment;
- - radiotherapy.
To determine the eyeball in the eye-socket using special device – ekzoftalm. Bulging eyes are not necessarily a symptom of exophthalmos. Some people just are more prominent eyes. Also alleged exophthalmos is observed in congenital anomalies of the skull, increased eye slits etc. a More precise study was conducted using computed tomography and examination of the thyroid gland, isotope and ultrasound diagnostics.
When diffuse toxic goiter tissues of the orbit become swollen and is pushing the eyeball forward. Thyroid treatment often eliminates vypechennoe the eyeball, but in some cases even after treatment of hyperthyroidism exophthalmos persists.
In the event of proptosis due to abnormal overgrowth of tissue of the eye socket and edema of the orbit contents used the treatment.
Furthermore, proptosis is formed by thrombosis of the cavernous sinus, which leads to swelling of soft tissues due to the difficulty of outflow of blood through the veins that depart from the eye. Pathology of the communication between veins and arteries is accompanied by the formation of pulsating exophthalmos, which is protrusion of the eye and their ripple to the beat of the heart. Depending on the stage of the disease is used in radiotherapy, as well as pressing bandage on the eye to thrombosis of the orbital veins.
Inflammation of the diencephalic region is treated with antimicrobial therapy, sulfonamides, vitamins and sedatives. In diencephalic region of the orbit and carried out the radiotherapy.
The formation of tumors require surgical treatment or the application of local radiotherapy.
Hydrocephalus, lymphadenosis, inflammation of the sinuses cause exophthalmos.
Advice 2: How to cure thrombosis
Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel, partially or completely covers its lumen. If the clot formed in the veins of the lower extremities, the person will experience pain. The area of skin lying directly over the site of thrombosis, often become red, raised, tender. Legs begin to swell, worsen the metabolism in tissues, which may lead to gangrene. If the "wandering" blood clot will clog the lumen of the pulmonary artery, it can reach even death. Thrombosis therefore it is necessary to treat.
When symptoms that give reason to assume the presence of thrombosis, the patient needs to be hospitalized. Using ultrasound to confirm (or refute) the diagnosis and establish the exact location of the clot, and how securely it is attached to the wall of the blood vessel.
If the attachment is weak, then a blood clot at any moment could come off the operation for its removal should be held as soon as possible. As a rule, in the vast majority of cases this surgery is successful and does not cause complications.
If clots cling to the walls of blood vessels, it is possible not to perform the operation, and try to dissolve them with the help of specially selected products. This is the anticoagulants, i.e. blood thinners and prevents it from clotting. You can also use thrombolytics (fibrinolitiki), the purpose of which is to destroy the blood clots. There are antiplatelet agents – substances that inhibit thrombosis.
Anticoagulants of the most famous and widely used "Heparin" and "Coumarin". Of thrombolytics (fibrinolitikov) – "Streptokinase" and "Urokinase". Of antiplatelet agents among the most well-known well-known "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid). It is still widely used in the treatment of thrombosis due to its high efficiency and low cost. But, of course, it cannot be used if the patient has serious problems with the digestive system (e.g. ulcer). Then you should use other drugs-antiplatelet agents.
It is better not to bring the case to thrombosis, and to take simple preventive measures. This, above all, comfortable shoes, struggle with excess weight, the use of special elastic stockings varicose veins, regular walking, proper nutrition, avoiding harmful habits.