Advice 1: How to draw a diagram on the computer

Using a computer or software that is installed on it, you can draw any graphic scheme. Today the computer became a work tool, engineer, architect, surveyor. But in order to develop and draw simple circuit, including electronic, there is no need to buy special expensive software.
How to draw a diagram on the computer
Instruction
1
The usual simple flowchart, you can draw, if you have a computer installed text editor of Word, one of the modules from popular Microsoft Office. Before to draw a diagram on the computer, consider how you will located its main elements, their shape and the way it will be oriented as "portrait" or "album".
2
In older versions of Word to draw flowcharts can be had by activating the Draw panel, choosing different geometric shapes, the arrow type, frames, and connecting lines. To draw a flowchart in the new versions of Word, select the Insert tab on the top bar and activate the menu item "Shapes".
3
Click on the "Shapes". In the drop down menu you will see whole Arsenal of graphic tools that you can use for drawing charts. This is basic geometric shapes, which can be drawn frame, as well as lines, arrows and callouts. The size and location of each shape you can change as you need by moving and stretching with the mouse.
4
To make the inscription in the set shapes the part, activate the text function by selecting the frame and clicking the left mouse button on the icon with the image of the text in the top menu. Selecting any item from those that constitute the schema, you can also change the design, choose fill color, frame, text.
5
Radio Amateurs may need to draw a diagram a bit more complicated than those offered by Word. In this case, perfect graphics editor sPlan 6.0 or 5.0. This free software find and download on the Internet. Install the editor on your computer and run it. In the left sidebar you will see a library of graphical elements that are divided into categories: relays, IC, capacitors, etc. Click on the required element with the left mouse button and drag it onto the diagram, placing in the correct location.
6
In the editor, sPlan also have the ability to draw block diagrams and labels are placed in their elements. To connect the parts diagrams, select any line type, setting the width on the corresponding panel. Save the schema you will be able in the internal format of the program. There is also the option to save it as an image to email or post on the Internet.

Advice 2: How to draw a frame in Word

The addition of even a very simple frame around the text pages of the document significantly changes its perception. In Microsoft Word there are tools that allow you to pick frames that are suitable for processing different types of documents. You can apply it to all pages at once, and to highlight any ones that are most important, or to individual fragments of text within pages.
How to draw a frame in Word
You will need
  • Text editor Microsoft Word 2007
Instruction
1
Open in a text editor document, the pages of which it is necessary to place the frame and click in the menu "page Layout".
2
Click the "page Borders", which is placed in the group of commands "page Background". So you open the window with the title "Borders and shading" in the "Page"tab.
How to draw a frame in Word
3
Select in the left column ("Type") version of the design framework - regular, with shadow, volume, etc.
4
Set the desired parameters of the selected variant design of the frame in the middle column of this tab. Here you have dropdowns to select the line style, color, and width. Also in the bottom drop-down list ("figure"), you can choose from a long list of some of the graphics the replacement of the ordinary line.
5
Otdelnie, if necessary, one of the icons representing the edges of the sheet of the document. This way you can instruct the editor not to draw the frame from any edge of the page.
6
Select "apply to" the scope of the specified parameters for drawing the frame.
7
Click "OK" when all the necessary parameters of the frame will be specified. The editor displays the text of the document. You can then change the parameters using this dialog.
8
There is another way to create a framework that can be used for any single page as a whole, and for any arbitrary region inside it. In order to use it, go to the Insert tab and click Shapes in the illustrations group of".
How to draw a frame in Word
9
From a list choose the most suitable option for use as a frame. Then hover your mouse over the upper left corner of region that needs to be put in a frame, press the left button and, without releasing it, move the cursor to the bottom right corner of the pane. If you want this preserves the proportions of the selected shape, then do this, hold down the SHIFT key.
10
Click the created frame with the right mouse button and select menu item "Format AutoShape". This opens a window with detailed frame settings.
11
Go to the Position tab and click the icon with the caption "behind text". This way you move the frame into the background and make the text visible on this page.
How to draw a frame in Word
12
Click on the tab "Colors and lines" and choose to frame the colors that are best suited for this design the pages of your document. Clicking the "fill effects" you can access more advanced options the background page within the frame.
13
Click "OK" and the task of creating a figure frame will be solved.

Advice 3: How to draw a diagram of evacuation

One of the main requirements to public premises is to comply with fire safety standards. Diagram of evacuation of people during fire is the most important document that need to be developed for each premise separately. In addition to traffic patterns of people in it are also subject to personnel actions in the event of a fire.
How to draw a diagram of evacuation
You will need
  • - Floor plan of the building;
  • scanner;
  • - graphics program for your computer.
Instruction
1
Plan evacuation needs to consider the floor plans of a specific building or structure. It is also necessary to provide the reliability, size and type of ways of evacuation of personnel. Don't forget to consider the specifics of human behavior in a critical situation, be sure to calculate the power flow of people and try to eliminate the possibility of crossing several routes.
2
Plan of evacuation to requirements of GOST R 12.2.143-2002 should include a graphical portion and a textual description. To create the graphic part you will need a floor plan of the building. If the total dimensions of the room are very large and exceed 1000 square feet, divide the plan into sections and create a separate scheme of evacuation for each of them.
3
Before you create an electronic version of the plan of evacuation, go around the room and carefully inspect it. You need to note the location of the main, spare and emergency exits, location of fire panels, fire alarm, phones. Mark on the plan the possibility of ventilation and means of anisodamine.
4
On the plan mark the number of people in the room constantly, and the average number of visitors if their presence is implied.
5
Go the intended route of evacuation from each room. Check all bottlenecks. Check the reliability and safety of stairs, railings. Make sure that the width of the passage is sufficient to move the maximum number of people. Please note that at the moment, people don't look at the feet, and hence the high thresholds or steep stairs can be dangerous.
6
Develop alternative options for the movement of people during a fire or emergency. Don't forget to take into account the outflows from the upper floors of buildings or basements.
7
It is most convenient to create a plan of evacuation in a graphics program. For this scan your paper diagram and move to bitmap. In the future, this document can be used as the basis for creating not only the scheme of evacuationand other plans.
8
Don't get carried away with detail and colour. Routes indicate a solid green line indicating the direction of travel, alternate routes – dotted line. Red highlight symbols. Don't forget to note on the drawing the location corresponding to the location your plan in the room.
9
Do not use the plan callout; signs designating fire fighting equipment or means of communication, must be indicated on the plan in their location. Marking symbols to decode the text entries in the drawing. The letters in the text part must have the same size. They also need to be large enough to make it easy to read. The recommended size of 8-15 mm.
10
The plan of evacuation, are located on floors or in sections must be rather large to read and be perceived visually. The optimal size 600x400 mm.
11
Approve the layout plan of evacuation, the inspector GPN.
Useful advice
Creating an evacuation plan, don't forget about the labels-pointers. The presence of inscriptions "Exit", "EXIT", "Fire shield" and the like is a prerequisite for the conformity of your facilities standards and requirements of fire safety.
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