Why is the broiler?
In order to grow two or three dozen chickens enough to have a utility room with a size of 4-5 m2. For growing in the winter such a room should be warmed using, for example, mineral wool. In the summer paddock for additional insulation is not needed.
For growing of laying hens, in addition to the pen, it is necessary to equip the place for their daily walks, in the case of broilers the availability of additional walking is not mandatory, moreover not recommended. The main rule of the fancier goes something like this: the smaller the broiler is moving, the faster it grows.
With intense nutrition broiler growing really fast and already at the age of 2 months, gaining 3-4 kg weight. For comparison, a laying hen of the same age weighs 500-600 g. with Regards to the cost of food, the broiler also win, because for 1 kg of gain of this wonderful bird requires 3-4 kg of feed, chicken is another breed of 8-9 kg.
Features of cultivation
For cultivation in any season is normally acquired bird in days age, but you can buy a slightly grown-up chickens. The first two weeks of life are the most important for broilers, therefore, in this period they need special care.
Small Chicks are very afraid of the cold, so you can keep them in a warm place, using a cardboard box. Warm babies can be a conventional lamp, hung it from a distance of 25-30 cm from the box. To heat the Chicks need round the clock.
At a very early age broilers should be fed chopped egg or cheese, but you can use a ready feed – the so-called feed for chickens. You should also make sure that the birds always had access to clean and fresh water.
In order to protect the livestock from possible diseases, in particular diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, at the age of 3 weeks the Chicks should drink a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After 3-4 weeks this procedure must be repeated.
Feed the grown broilers preferably finished feed. For three or four weeks prior to slaughter (age 2 months), the food need to enter the crushed maize grain, gradually increasing his dosage. A couple of weeks before slaughter, it is possible to opt out of the feed and move the chickens to the natural grain. It is noticed that the carcass of a chicken, who ate corn, has a rich and delicious yellow.
Advice 2: How to raise chickens-broilers
Broiler – young birds grown for meat. In addition, you need to choose the right breed (best suited Cornish hens and breed plimutrok), you need to create Chicks right conditions.
You will need
- - lime;
- - litter;
- - feeder;
- - drinker.
In the room where you plan to grow chickens must be dry, waterproof and maloteploprovodny floor. In the house it is necessary to equip the ventilation system and to protect the premises from rodents.
Before the arrival of a new batch of chickens the floor is lime-pechenkoj the rate of 1 kilogram per square meter. You can then put a litter. It should be dry, loose, well absorb moisture and gases. As bedding you can use shavings, sawdust, sunflower husk, fibrous peat, crushed stalks of corn on the cob. You cannot use frozen, zaplesneveluju or dirty litter.
Chickens emit large amounts of carbon dioxide, so the room should be well ventilated. Follow the humidity in the house: in the first days of life the birds it should be around 70%, then it can be reduced to 60-65%.
Feeders and waterers should be installed directly under the heater. Please note that space at the trough enough for all the birds. To think that you can do small feeders, and some of the chickens will approach the food after I eat the first batch is incorrect. These chickens are stunted. Water in the drinkers should be cold.
Watch the behavior of chickens. If they are huddled together, the room temperature should be increased; lie on the floor, outstretched wings and open beak can be reduced. The first time the temperature in the house should be 35 degrees. Broilers aged four weeks to arrange if the room will warm up to 18.
Great value for chickens is the length of daylight. Light improve metabolism, gas exchange, increases the locomotor activity of broilers. If necessary, use additional lighting to increase the time of the day artificially.