Advice 1: What temperature and humidity for hatching in an incubator

During incubation it is necessary to maintain the correct temperature and humidity. At non-observance thereof, the embryos can die or "hatch" the ugly chickens. Constantly taking observations of the incubation, it is necessary to eliminate defects, to take the necessary measures to preserve embryos.
What temperature and humidity for hatching in an incubator

Temperature and humidity


For incubation take fresh eggs, five to seven day shelf life. The shell must be smooth, without cracks, the egg is the right shape. The percentage of vyvodyaschy Chicks is high, the embryos are transferred short-term overheating or excessive cooling.

Incubation of chicken eggs takes 21 days, in a tray they are stacked vertically, set the temperature, it needs to be close to the natural conditions in which the displays of chickens, a hen – of 37.8°C. the last 3 days the temperature is lowered by 0.3 degrees. The level of humidity in the first days – 80% during the next 8 days set 70-75%, the next period is 50%. Starting from the 5th day, the eggs cool for 15 minutes once a day, on the 19th day cooling off. The temperature in the closet in the last 2 days support of 37.5 degrees, humidity 68%. Temperature and humidity is determined using thermometers. To increase the humidity put on the floor of the incubator containers with water.

Monitoring of embryo development


An effective way of monitoring the development of the embryo − candling to the candling. On day 5 you can see the blood mesh on the yolk after 10 days of incubation, clearly visible dark spot in the center of the egg. On the 19th day you can see almost the already-formed chicken.

Material several times during the incubation browsing and do a re-sort. Eggs without embryos to the light greenish color with dead embryos have black content, live embryos are highlighted pink. After rearrange the remaining eggs with embryos returned to lead the Cabinet, placed the blunt end up.

Prokleto shell, you can judge the quality of incubation. If satisfactory mode line prokleta pass around the circumference of the egg, in its widest part. When excess moisture of the chicken will shell, but won't hatch, because it is wet, sticky, eggshell adhere to it. With a lack of humidity procli observed in the middle part of the egg. Podkolodny shell dry, durable, chicken to free.

During the withdrawal of the trays should be covered with gauze to Chicks fell out over the edge. At the beginning of the withdrawal it is necessary every two hours to check the incubator and remove alcohlic chickens. The results of incubation are considered to be good if the output is 80% of the laid eggs. About the poor quality of the eggs or of the violation of the incubation, indicated by the large number of eggs with blood ring. If the eggs were laid stale for a long time was stored before incubation, the likelihood is high that the embryos die at an early stage.

Advice 2: How to keep chickens

Breeding birds is a tiresome but very exciting. If you have purchased little Chicks, or your hen is about to become a mom, you should know what you will encounter. Thinning of the coppice is divided into two periods: the contents of Chicks (age 1 to 8 weeks of life) and care of young chickens (9 to 20 weeks of life). How to grow chickens?
How to keep chickens
You will need
  • a place for chickens;
  • - feeders & waterers;
  • - special food;
  • - fenced paddock.
Instruction
1
Get strong and healthy Chicks. Good chicken needs to be mobile, strong to stand on legs, have bright eyes and beak are yellow. The strong stomach of a chicken is picked up, and wings held tightly to the body.
2
Prepare for the Chicks warm, previously disinfected room without drafts. On the floor pour flooring of small chips. Even if the Chicksand the hen, the first few days the room should be heated. When the content of chickens without the hen maintain temperature mode until the birds age 40 days. The first week Chicksam organize day lighting.
3
Hen with ChicksAMI contain separately from adult birds. Keep chickensnick has not penetrated predators: cats, rats, weasels, ferrets. Equip poultry separate secure paddock with green grass. 1 chicken must have 1-2 square metres of paddock. Keep chickensand not out on the street until Rosa came down.
4
Make for young individual feeders and drinkers. For a large number of chickens is to install automatic nipple drinkers. Feeders for a week the Chicks should be flat, but the food in them should not zataplivat. Remember that bird feeders should be sufficient. It is impossible to prevent crowding or priority in feeding. All chickensshould eat at the same time.
5
Prepare special food. Food for chickens contain large amounts of proteins and vitamins. If the Chicksand hen, first feed the hen. Feeding chickens is carried out every 2 hours. The fodder should add chopped eggs, shell, fresh yogurt and cottage cheese, white bread, boiled potatoes. Gradually fragmented and boiled cereals chickens translate to whole grain. Food must be eaten in 20 min. it is prohibited to give the bird moldy feed. Install in chickensNike feeders with mineral additions: limestone, chalk.
6
In the paddock for calves organize sand baths. The ash bucket, add 2 buckets of sand. Chicks love in Sunny weather to swim in these baths.
Note
The hen leads the Chicks to 30-35 days, then she becomes aggressive and should be separate.
Useful advice
Definitely propagate of chickens and young plants trivitamin to reduce attack livestock.

Advice 3: How to pull Chicks in the incubator

Chickens you can buy at the poultry farm, but to bring in the home, using an electric incubator. A variety of incubators on any number of eggs with automatic operation. In the chamber is constantly maintained at the necessary temperature and humidity. But when breeding chickens, you need to follow some rules.
How to pull Chicks in the incubator
You will need
  • - incubator;
  • - ultraviolet lamp;
  • - candling.
Instruction
1
To bring the chickens in the incubator, prepare the fresh eggs. The shelf life of eggs for laying should not exceed 10 days. Store eggs in a cool dark place, pointed end down. If the egg is dirty, it is not suitable for incubation, so as to wash it is impossible.
2
Before laying eggs, check them by candling. You can lay only fertilized eggs with one yolk correct form, must be present inside the air chamber. Adhering to the shell protein for the incubation is not suitable, since the egg was shocked and the chick is not born, even if it is fertilized. Disinfect trays with eggs with the help of ultraviolet lamps.
3
Turn the thermostat to a temperature of 37.5 degrees and a humidity of 60%. Pour into bottom water pan. Trays of eggs set only when the instrument will show the specified temperature and humidity. In the incubation period regularly check the tray for presence of water. If she disappeared below the optimum level, pour boiled warm water with a temperature of 45 degrees.
4
Morning and evening, turn the eggs to conveniently sign sharp and blunt end or always in the morning, turn down the sharp end, in the evening – dull. On day 18 flip the eggs last time, check on the ovoscope and Express down the sharp end to the breeding of chickens.
5
From the first to the fifteenth day maintain a temperature of 37.5 degrees and the humidity is not less than 60%, from 16 days lower the temperature to 37.4 degrees and increase the humidity to 70%. The entire period of incubation, come to the incubator every 4 hours and check the operation. If the regime will lose more than 4 hours, the chickens won't hatch.
6
On day 7, examine the eggs at the candling - if the chick is not born, remove the egg. Do the same on day 18 - review and remove any eggs where the chickens have ceased to grow, that is frozen.
7
At 21 days the Chicks will begin to hatch. 6 hours must hatch all the Chicks if the eggs were laid at the same time.
8
Give the Chicks time to drain. they are in the incubator. As soon as they become fluffy, move all livestock to the nursery. In a manger maintain a temperature of 32 degrees the first 7 days, and 30 degrees the next 7 days, then each week reduce the temperature by 2 degrees.

Advice 4: The right hatching in the incubator

Most people in rural areas often engaged in breeding chickens. Nice, when the sector enough hens, and if the nest gets only one bird? In this case, a bail out home-made incubators. But how to select eggs and get the chickens?
 The right hatching in the incubator

 

The most favorable time for breeding bird young - April - may. From chickens bred at a later date, puberty takes place in the fall (in terms of gradually decreasing photoperiod). First of all, it affects the development: before the onset of frost, the young do not have time to get stronger, delayed molting (which will eventually affect the productivity and viability).

To achieve good vyvodyaschy and get a viable young, you need to take care of the quality of the eggs for incubation. First of all, regularly remove them from the nest, the chicken will cause dirt and spoil the eggs with their paws.

Demolished the egg is the body temperature of a bird. Its contents, cooling down, decreases in volume. The resulting free space inside the egg through the pores in the blunt end is filled with air. If the nest is dirty, dusty litter, together with the air in the egg do germs mold spores that contribute to the deterioration and destruction of embryos.

In the case when want to grow a large number of young cattle for meat, you can use the eggs of any weight, besides the obvious marriage. Round, long, or flattened laterally for insertion in the incubator are not suitable. It is better to take eggs only with a strong, clean, and smooth shell. Sometimes on its surface are visible dark spots that would suggest that stale eggs. For incubation they the soon after laying they receive and rapidly growing mold.

The incubator is better to place in a room where the temperature is constantly maintained in the range of 15-22 degrees Celsius. The incubation waste material is placed in the tray. In the apparatus to this point needs to be created all the necessary conditions: temperature, humidity, ventilation.

The entire period of incubation can be divided into three phases that differ from each other different indices.

In the initial period of incubation the eggs require more heat, poor ventilation. They need to warm up.

The average period differ somewhat lower temperature than in the primary, but stronger ventilation.

During the withdrawal the temperature was lowered even more, and the humidity and ventilation should be strengthened. Before fetching youngsters significantly reduce the humidity so that the Chicks have dried up.

For chicken eggs the initial period lasts from the first to the eleventh day, mid - set before the start of the output, and the output period of the time, I hear the peep of Chicks.

Don't forget to turn of hatching eggs in trays (especially in the early days), otherwise the embryos can stick to the shell and die. Cooling is also required. Thanks to all that conditions of incubation are approaching the natural, created by the hens.

Cool incubation eggs should start from the middle of the period. This operation can be combined with the coup eggs.

How long to cool? Bring the egg to the eyelid of the eye, and if you do not feel neither heat nor cold, is enough.

Underheating also adversely affect the viability of Chicks. It retards the development of the embryos PIP is delayed, the output is stretched. The young leaves of the eggs with a big belly, sedentary.

Incubation is troublesome, is quite complicated. It is difficult to immediately become a specialist. It all depends on your skills, care. Observe (and record), it will help you continue to make the necessary changes.


 

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