What is tachycardia
Tachycardia is a rapid heart rhythm. During attacks the heart muscle, the so-called pulse quickens to 90 or more beats per minute. In addition, the attacks are accompanied by General weakness, dizziness, sharp or slight shortness of breath, feeling of spartali in the sternum, heart pain and feeling of imminent loss of consciousness.
Tachycardia is physiological and pathological. Physiological tachycardia can be caused by stressful situation, prolonged nervous stress, human or high physical exertion. Such attacks usually go away after declining a particular load, without the use of drugs.
Pathological tachycardia occurs when there are problems with the internal organs, major diseases and may be one of the symptoms indicating them. This type of tachycardia occurs when a sharp increase in body temperature, in the presence of diseases of cardiovascular system, respiratory or heart failure, with nervousness, some infectious diseases, on a background medication or as a result of intoxication if poisoning, tobacco or alcohol.
How to remove V-tach in a stressful situation
If the reason for the sharp increase your heart rate become stressful or nervous overstrain, to remove the attack, it is necessary first of all to calm down, to eliminate the source of irritation.
First you need to take a sedative, for example, korvalola or valocordin. The patient should be put to upper body was raised slightly, and call a doctor immediately. Waiting for medical care, you can perform simple exercises to reduce the heart rate – using your thumbs, gently squeeze the eyeballs and release, then again and again.
Help reduce heart rate deep breaths with the movements of the larynx, simulating the swallowing of air, dip the face of the patient in a container with cold water or ice compress on the forehead, cheeks and chin. In addition, it is possible to artificially induce vomiting or ask the patient some time just to cough.
How dangerous tachycardia
For all forms of tachycardia, whether they are strong or mild, the person needs immediate care and inspection of the physician.
If the etymology of the attack is physiological, then it is not dangerous for human life. But regular manifestation of this type of tachycardia can cause changes in the heart muscle, its deformation, development of hypertension and the occurrence of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
If tachycardia is pathological, delayed first aid and no medical assistance can lead to stroke, heart attack and even death of the patient.
Even in the case where the tachycardia is rare, and its attacks are intermittent and they are easy to handle without the use of drugs, you should immediately consult a doctor. The fact that this symptom can indicate a serious disease, and timely diagnosis is a major key to the success of the treatment.