Thyroid hormones take part in all metabolic processes, disorders in their functioning threatens the patient serious systemic diseases of the body: unhealthy excessive amount of and too little of these hormones. About the irregularities in the functioning of the thyroid gland can say change its size, and the presence of pain in the place where it is located.
Proper functioning of the thyroid gland a person feels fine, he is healthy, has a normal metabolism and resistance to stress. If the level of hormone deviates from the norm, quality of life deteriorates significantly. This reduces efficiency, somnolence or insomnia, feeling of fatigue or constant irritability, causeless anxiety. At the same time developing and eating disorders: uncontrollable hunger or loss of appetite, instability of body weight.
The thyroid gland is located in the middle part of the front of the neck, so the growth of tissue of the thyroid gland have problems swallowing, discomfort in the neck. The character of pain may vary from sharp to aching, constant or occur periodically.
Similar symptoms can be triggered by the development in the tissues of the prostate the inflammatory process, which develops acute thyroiditis. This can occur as a result of exacerbation of latent infection of the body or during an acute inflammatory process caused by an infectious pathogen.
Usually when the disease is sharply rising body temperature (39-41os), there is a sharp pain in the neck, radiating to the ear and the back of the head that occurs when swallowing. Neck region of the gland swells. This condition can be dangerous for the patient as it quickly leads to the development of purulent process – in this case an urgent need to hospitalize a patient in a hospital for emergency medical care.
Another reason for the development of thyroiditis and pain in the thyroid gland may be a defect of the immune system, in which the thyroid cells develop morphological changes. This disease is hereditary, and is accompanied by painful sensations and the change in the level of hormones in the body.
With increased production of thyroid hormones hyperthyroidism develops, which also appear painful. Then the body undergoes a systemic change in the internal organs suffers brain, heart, liver, kidney, reproductive organs; because the metabolism is also accelerated, the patient abruptly loses weight, and developing hormonal disruptions, which can lead to disability if not treated.
In the development of malignant neoplasms in the thyroid gland pain is the main symptom. Signs of thyroid cancer resemble the symptoms of acute thyroiditis, which complicates the diagnosis.