Because at first, the thyroid disease does not manifest itself, define its appearance, you can not. But it's easy to make a doctor with palpation. Even the first degree of goiterwhen the thyroid gland is not visible yet, a specialist easily detectable.
With the appearance of an endocrinologist suspicion that you have something wrong with the thyroid gland, you will undergo hardware methods of examination. First of all, thyroid enlargement detected by ultrasonography (ultrasound). In addition, the electrocardiogram is determined by the time of tendon reflexes (with the disease they slowed down) and the amount of hormones produced by this gland.
When the thyroid gland increases in size, people have the feeling that he had a lump in my throat. This feeling increases when he lies down on his back, leans forward or just worried. He notes that it is difficult to wear a turtleneck or a shirt with a narrow collar.
If thyroid function is reduced, and it produces enough hormones, a person usually gains weight, although the appetite at the same time he is poor, often sick, and the intestine is actively formed gases. Patients in this case is also prone to frequent colds and chest infections, complain of pain in the heart region and shortness of breath even with small physical activity. Blood pressure and temperature, such people are reduced, they do not tolerate cold, always cold, often want to sleep during the day and at night, on the contrary, can't sleep. Externally, the thyroid hypofunction manifested as hair loss and brittle nails, dry skin, puffy face. Due to swelling (especially around the lips and eyes) the face becomes like a mask. Reflects the disease and on the urinary system. Men, as a rule, reduced potency and libido, and in women disrupted menstrual cycle, often a chest pain and possible spontaneous abortions or infertility.
If the function of the thyroid gland, on the contrary, increased, the signs of goiterand will be for a long period of increasing temperature (up to 37-38оС), almost constant hunger and weight loss, though good eating, insomnia and irritability. The patient quickens the pulse and a sense of anxiety. In addition, can trembled his arms as if to bulge eyes. Skin feels dry and hot. The patient does not tolerate heat.
The occurrence of any unexpected change in the body should be a signal for treatment to doctors. Consult with a doctor or endocrinologist, hand over the analysis on hormones, go through ultrasound. Remember that all diseases must be treated, not postponing.