The thyroid gland is one of the most important organs, from the stable operation of which depends on the normal functioning of the nervous system, which is responsible for healthy metabolism. To diseases of the thyroid gland causes a lot of factors, ranging from adverse environmental conditions and lack of iodine in the diet, ending a genetic predisposition and failure of hormonal background. The insidiousness of these diseases is that they are accompanied by General symptoms characteristic of other diseases. Because of this, people suffering from thyroid disease, often go to treat the symptoms of the disease to a cardiologist, neurologist or gynaecologist. In fact, the treatment of the thyroid gland deals with the endocrinologist – a specialist in diseases of the endocrine system.
To access to specialists people make the symptoms. Endocrinologist with timely treatment will help to construct a treatment plan that will relieve not only symptoms, but also on the General causes of the disease. In order to make an accurate diagnosis, an endocrinologist prescribes a comprehensive examination, which must include a thyroid ultrasound and a blood test for thyroid hormones. The analysis may be the deficiency or excess of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). It disturbed hormonal balance becomes the reason of unpleasant symptoms: fatigue, drowsiness, weakness, decreased performance, weight gain, depression. Women may suffer from menstrual irregularities. These symptoms are mistaken for signs of other diseases or normal stress, while they may indicate hypothyroidism. If there is a deficiency of thyroid-stimulating hormone confirmed the results of the survey, the endocrinologist will prescribe the patient medicines containing the desired dosage of TSH. Medications correct hormonal balance and relieve the patient from unpleasant symptoms.
In the case of an excess of thyroid stimulating hormone physician will diagnose hyperthyroidism, which, in contrast to hypothyroidism, is accompanied by increased excitability, irritability, acceleration of metabolism, increased body temperature and tachycardia. If similar symptoms are common, but examination by a cardiologist or neurologist does not yield results, you should consult an endocrinologist to check thyroid function.
Advice 2: How to identify symptoms of thyroid disease
Thyroid gland is an organ that performs important endocrine functions. Thyroid hormones affect metabolism, the cardio-vascular system, the volume of deposits of subcutaneous fat, emotional background, growth, and intelligence of the growing organism.
You will need
- - stopwatch (to determine heart rate);
- - Libra.
Changes in the thyroid gland will affect the condition of hair, skin and nails. Excessive dryness of the skin, its pale, dense "slimy" swelling indicate of low thyroid function (hypothyroidism). High levels of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism) skin soft, moist, velvety. Tuberosity and brittle nails, split ends are also talking about thyroid problems.
Pay attention to your heart. Suspicious for hyperthyroidism too frequent pulse, attacks of palpitation without contact with physical exercise. Of hypothyroidism evidence of slow, low heart rate, shortness of breath.
Keep track of your weight. Together with other factors, thyroid hormones affect body weight. Weight loss together with other symptoms indicates an increase in the level of thyroid hormones. Gain pounds, in spite of lifestyle or trying to lose weight, allow you to suspect hypothyroidism.
Don't miss out thyroid disease when you change the emotional background. In most cases, hyperthyroidism emotional instability. Appear insomnia, tearfulness, anger, irritability. Not always these changes are paying attention, connecting them with stressful lives or poor character. However, this is one of the most obvious and frequent signs of the disease. Hypothyroidism causes some emotional confusion, lethargy, lethargy, loss of vitality.
Monitor the condition of the gastrointestinal tract. Prolonged constipation or frequent stools up to five or six times a day without any impurities in the stool may be the consequence of modified hormonal levels, and not digestive issues.
With increasing thyroid size on the front of the neck becomes visible goiter. Often it is symmetric, touch, painless, the skin over it is not changed. The presence of a goiter is usually felt, patients complain of choking, feeling of lump in the throat. Another specific symptom — ophthalmopathy, in this case eyeballs "protrude" out of my head.
Contact your doctor if you suspect thyroid disease. To confirm the diagnosis, to determine the level of hormones in the blood, ultrasound of the thyroid gland.
Advice 3: Signs of thyroid disease
Thyroid disease — one of the most insidious, because even the obvious signs are often not taken seriously, seem far-fetched. To learn precisely about the presence of hormonal imbalance, you need to pass a full examination, blood tests, ultrasound done. But a preliminary diagnosis can be made by yourself, knowing the signs of thyroid disease.
Regularly measure pulse rate and blood pressure. This is best done immediately after waking up, not getting out of bed. The norm for an adult of average build is 60-80 beats per minute and blood pressure 120/80 mm Hg. article If right from the morning in a state of rest observed palpitations, high blood pressure — these are signs of hyperthyroidism, i.e., hyperactivity of the thyroid gland. On the contrary, low blood pressure and pulse can talk about hypothyroidism.
The alarm needs to cause interruptions in the functioning of the heart, the feeling stops beating for a while. Feel at this point, the pulse in your wrist or neck for a minute keep track of the speed bumps. To verify the presence of rhythm disorders will help of ECG and consult a cardiologist.
Monitor your weight and compare it to the availability of appetite. Sometimes people always want to eat, but it is constantly losing weight is associated with an increased level of thyroid hormones. In other cases, by contrast, reduced production of thyroid hormones causes a constant swelling and weight gain.
Another sign of hormonal imbalance — continuous chills or a feeling of stuffiness. With increased hormone production, the patient is hot, it tends to go into a cool room, it is associated with increased metabolism. If the content of hormones, in contrast, is reduced, the metabolism slows down, and the man freezes constantly.
Pay attention to the symptoms of hyperthyroidism like tremors in the body, a feeling of "sand in the eyes" when the eyes are wide open and even a feeling pucheglazija. For hypothyroidism is characterized by frequent swelling, dry and scaly skin is greyish, the nails, loss of eyebrows at the outer edge of the eyes, hoarseness.
A slow metabolism in hypothyroidism (reduced function) leads to some changes in human behavior. For example, he becomes drowsy, lethargic, his movements are slowed, reduced intellectual ability, memory worsens. Often patient have constipation because bowel motility is also inhibited.
Watch carefully for the appearance of the lymph nodes in the neck, under the armpits, in the groin. A strong increase of the nodes or the thyroid gland may indicate various diseases. For example, iron can be increased with autoimmune tiroidite, and other symptoms at the initial stage, no. Tumor bulging on the neck often talk about nodular or multinodular colloid goiter. Increases the thyroid gland and endemic goiter, and cancer besides there is hoarseness.