Gingivitis, or gum disease in dogs may take place in acute and chronic form. The reasons for the development of this disease are many: dental calculus, periodontitis and periodontal disease, wounds gums from gnawing bones or sticks.
If the owner is not daily inspects the oral cavity of the dog, he might not notice the initial stage of the disease. Obvious signs of gingivitis are: salivation, swelling of the face, mouth odor, tooth discoloration. The dog may refuse or be reluctant to eat food. Chronic manifestation of the disease the animal is bleeding gums. In severe cases of gingival ulcers, or abscesses.
Gingivitis treatment is to transfer the dog on softer food, exclusion from the diet of the bones and coarse food that may traumatize the oral cavity. After each meal, gums are disinfected with 0.05% chlorhexidine solution. If an animal has dental disease need to have their treatment. To identify diseases of the oral cavity in dogs, it is necessary to apply to veterinary experts.
Tartar is the main cause of gingivitis. It is present in many dogs. Good veterinary clinics have laser machine to remove stones painless manner. Unsustainable and loose teeth. are carriers of the putrefactive microflora of the oral cavity. Deleting them antibiotics, antifungal and antibacterial drugs: "Amoxicillin", "Baytril", "Cobactan". Doses are prescribed a veterinary technician, depending on the dog's weight and severity of disease.
With bleeding gums prescribe vitamin C, K, cyanocobalamin, the drug "Did". Gums it is recommended to lubricate the special gels and sprays, such as "Metronidazole", "Metrogyl", "Coughing", "Romazulan". You can also use vegetable broth calendula and oak bark.
The prevention of this disease is a home daily inspection of the animal. In identifying any abnormalities or inflammation of the oral cavity should contact the veterinary treatment facility.
Proper feeding is considered the key to healthy teeth and gums. Daily cleaning of dog teeth from food debris will keep the oral cavity was normal. The dog is strictly forbidden sweets, as the sugar destroys the tooth enamel. Dental plaque and caries for a few years can destroy the teeth of the animal. Modern veterinary medicine can offer to replace the damaged teeth with artificial. In this case, everything depends on the financial possibilities of the owner.