Follicles — rounded education, which lie at the basis of the structure of the entire thyroid gland. Surrounding cells are arranged in glands. Accordingly, if the follicles are increased, it affects the entire body. Often the cause of the expansion of these structural elements are hormonal disorders.
Hormones that body has functional and physiological processes that affect metabolism and the human dream. Hormonal disorders always lead to various failures in the body. Can get a vicious circle — hormonal imbalance causes problems with the thyroid gland and enlargement of the follicles, and this, in turn, again, is bad for the hormones. As a result, suffer all the organs.
The researchers found that in women, a malfunction of the thyroid gland occurs approximately five times more often than males. The fact that the female body undergoes more frequent adjustment, and this gives many of the complications.
Youth is a prerequisite for the expansion of follicle. In this period in girls, puberty occurs in a more Mature period of the pregnancy, then the birth process, and ends with menopause. It is worth considering that the pregnancy and birth process might not be alone. In such periods the thyroid gland are particularly vulnerable.
Men of such processes, of course, does not occur, however, they have hormonal disturbances also occur, although the probability is much lower. At the same time males exposed to other factors that cause the expansion of the follicles of the thyroid gland.
The lack of iodine
The norm, in which iodine should reach the human body - from 100 to 150 micrograms per day for ages 20 to 50 years. If this condition is not observed, formed a compensatory increase of follicles, and the thyroid gland, because the number of applicants not enough iodine for normal hormone secretion.
There are other reasons that lead to the expansion of the follicles of the thyroid gland. These include poor nutrition, lack of vitamin A and insufficient intake of copper, cobalt and zinc. Do not forget that stress, lowered immunity and infection also create a charitable ground for the enlargement of the thyroid gland. The more of these factors present, the greater the risk of collision with diseases of this vital organ.
Advice 2: How to treat goiter folk remedies
The increase in thyroid cancer is more common in women and is associated with a lack of iodine in the body. In places where water, air and soils contain little iodine, widespread endemic goiter. Graves ' disease is formed by high function of the thyroid glandwhen the blood a large amount of the hormone thyroxine. Treatment medicines you prescribed by a doctor, recipes of traditional medicine even more popular than traditional.
Seaweed is very useful and the iodine-rich product, with crawe you need to drink powder of the leaves. This tool take 15-30 days to 0.5-1 teaspoon at night with water.
When hypofunction of the thyroid gland , take a mixture of fruits of feijoa and sugar powder, taken in equal proportions. Eat 2-3 tablespoons of the funds in the morning half an hour before meals. Useful tea from the cinquefoil silver.
If you see a strong heartbeat and brew a collection of medicinal plants. Take four tablespoons of common Heather, pulmonaria officinalis and motherwort, three tablespoons of this collection pour a liter of boiling water. Take a decoction of 50 ml six times a day.
Wear around your neck large beads made of natural amber, deep yellow color.
When goitere useful bath with decoction of leaves and bark from the roots of walnut. Take a bath before bedtime, the course lasts 14-18 days.
Delicious and healthy remedy for goiterand is obtained from the iodine-rich chokeberry. Kilograms of fresh fruit mash with a kilo of sugar, this mixture, take a teaspoon three times a day.
Tincture of Valerian root has a beneficial effect in diseases with increased function of the thyroid gland. This tool normalizes the heartbeat, calms nervousness. The infusion can be prepared by ten grams of the root steep in one Cup of boiling water. Take a tablespoon 5-6 times a day.
For the treatment of goiterand take a tincture of hawthorn. Pour the flowers of hawthorn blood-red 70 degree alcohol, soak a week in a dark place and take 15-30 drops before meals 3-5 times a day.
To stimulate the function of the thyroid gland, as lower and higher, use the infusion or decoction of the green branches of genista tinctoria. Make an infusion from a tablespoon of raw, filled a glass of boiling water. Drink 2-3 tablespoons three times daily before meals.
Endemic goitere prepare a decoction of three tablespoons of common cocklebur. Boil the raw material for ten minutes in three cups of water. Drink warm three times a day before meals.
One of the most reliable medicines in endemic goitere – 5% iodine. If your body weight does not reach 65 pounds, take iodine one drop during the meal, stirring it in a glass of fruit juice or tea time on Monday and Thursday every week. If the weight exceeds 65 kg, increase the dose to two drops.
Don't forget about diet, include in your diet foods high in iodine content. Eat sea Kale, sea fish, onion, carrot, garlic, tomatoes, rice, egg yolks, strawberries, strawberries, citrus, pineapples, apples. Where possible, limit the use of products made with white flour, fried foods, fatty meats, preservatives, coffee, spices, sugar, alcohol.
Advice 3: How to identify thyroid enlargement
Despite its small size, the thyroid gland performs important functions. The hormones it produces are responsible for metabolic processes in the body.A small increase in thyroid is not a disease. But if it violates its functions, there is a need for immediate treatment.
The size of the thyroid gland in normal condition, men equal to 25 ml, and women have approximately 18 ml. When there are diseases of the thyroid gland , its volume increases. It begins to produce excessive amounts of hormones that accelerate the metabolic processes in the body. At the same time releases massive amounts of energy, which fails to reach the tissues and organs, and is released as heat. As a result of these processes there is a failure in the functioning of the body.
First of all, the increase in thyroid cancer detect in physical examination of the patient, by palpation. After examination, the doctor makes diagnosis and prescribes additional examinations. The information obtained by palpation is quite subjective.
The most objective and informative methods of assessment of the thyroid gland are: ultrasound diagnostics (ultrasound), computed tomography, radionuclide scanning, and biopsy. These studies provide clear data about the shape and size of the thyroid gland, its consistency, the presence (absence) of knotty formations in it and other important characteristics necessary for accurate diagnosis.
In addition, the patient observed: increased nervousness and irritability, weakness, sleep disturbance, palpitations, recurrent pain in the heart area. Often there is a feeling of fear and anxiety. Suffering and intimate life of the patient as there is a disorder in the gonads.
Of course, self diagnosis is not worth it. You need to see a specialist (internist, endocrinologist, oncologist). Only a doctor can make a proper diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment.
Advice 4: How to treat enlarged thyroid gland
Thyroid enlargement, or hyperplasia, can be caused by a number of reasons. It often develops on the background of any other disease, but may be an independent pathology. Distinguish diffuse, nodular and mixed forms of hyperplasia. As hormonal functions, there is hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and euthyroid.
Diffuse form of enlargement of the thyroid gland is stored as a function of hormones and with the changes, deterioration or improvement. When the normal production of hormones thyroid tissue increases generally compensatory. The reason is a deficiency of iodine in food and water. There are several degrees of hyperplasia, treatment tactics chooses the endocrinologist.
Replacement therapy with hormones was carried out at the hypothyroidism. Apply an analogue of L-thyroxine, dose and courses selected individually.Spend tireotropin hormone stimulation reduced thyroid function.
Hyperthyroidism is prescribed the agents suppressing the production of hormones, or radioactive iodine to suppress the function. In some cases, an excess of thyroid hormones leads to disruption of the functions and development tireotoksicski crises. In severe degrees of hyperthyroidism with the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy, surgical treatment.
Nodal shape threat probability plots of malignancy, i.e. the development of malignant tumors. Conservatively this form is treated while confirming the purity of the node formations and in the case that the size does not exceed 3 cm and does not put pressure on adjacent organs. In the case of increasing the size of the nodes and with the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy is carried out their surgical removal.
With a small enlargement of the thyroid gland, when there is no danger of compression of adjacent organs (trachea, adjacent vessels and nerves) treatment conservative. Add in a diet the products containing iodine, seaweed and cabbage. Ordinary table salt replace with sea. Exclude from use turnips, cauliflower and red cabbage, and mustard. They contain thiocyanates which inhibit the transport of iodine. Hormone therapy if necessary, prescribed by a doctor.
Advice 5: How to restore the ovaries
Dysfunction of the ovaries — is a rather common female problem. Disruption of these organs can lead to emotional instability, changes in menstrual cycle, infertility, pain in the abdomen. There are several approaches to restore the function of the ovaries.
You will need
- - to visit the gynecologist;
- - pass the necessary tests.
If you think you have dysfunction of the ovaries, refer to the gynecologist or the gynecologist-endocrinologist at a public or private clinic. Based on your words the doctor understand about the problem and prescribe the examination. If you passed before any tests were observed in the other doctors, inform the gynecologist about it. If possible, try to provide the necessary statements and information.
Submit to a blood test for hormones. Usually investigate the levels of pituitary hormones, thyroid, estrogen, progesterone, and androgens. Your doctor may order additional tests and examinations, if it deems them necessary.
Ask the doctor to find out the condition of the ovaries. This is normally ultrasonography and conventional examination on the gynecological chair. Often in human ovarian they found multiple cystic masses.
Depending on the cause of the disease, the doctor may prescribe conservative treatment with hormonal drugs. Approximately 50% of cases, this therapy will be enough to improve the health or pregnancy. Carefully observe a dosage of medicines, take them with due regularity.
If conservative treatment does not lead to the expected result, it is possible to resort to surgery. It is carried out by laparoscopy — introduction in the pelvic cavity of microinstruments through a puncture in the abdomen. With their help remove the abnormal portion of the ovary. Surgical treatment is effective in 75% of cases, but often after some time the body returns to its original state.
To the question of choice of the doctor to restore the function of the ovary should be approached more responsibly, because the inept can even lead to deterioration. It is better to consult with several specialists about appointments.