Palpation of the thyroid gland
In some diseases not only disrupted the function gland, but also changes of a physiological nature. The thyroid gland can increase in size in the tissues of the body can receive the components, seals and signs of goiter. For the initial diagnosis, the doctor-endocrinologist uses this method of examination, as palpation. It is a simple procedure, the doctor asks the patient to make the normal SIP and swallow with the fingers palpate the neck. If the thyroid is severely affected, palpation the patient may feel severe pain. Palpation allows only tentative conclusions, for a more accurate diagnostics using instrumental and laboratory methods of research.
Instrumental diagnostics of the thyroid gland
Ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland allows to assess the structure of organ tissue. With the help of ultrasound can determine the volume of the breast, to study the blood flow in the organ tissue, to detect knots and measure their size. The direction of ultrasound of the thyroid gland gives endocrinologist if the palpation was detected any changes.
If the results of the ultrasound were discovered large nodules in the tissues of the gland, the patient can be assigned to needle biopsy. This survey allows to identify the nature of the lesion and to exclude cancer. Doctor using a thin needle penetrates into the cavity of goiter and takes tissue samples. Sure puncture is performed under ultrasound guidance.
Malignant tumours in the thyroid scintigraphy is carried out. This survey enables to identify the prevalence of cancer process and to detect metastases. In the process of this survey in the human body is injected a certain amount of radioactive substances. At the moment of absorption of radioactive iodine in tissue of the body to define the affected area.
Laboratory diagnosis of thyroid
By analyzing blood from a vein on hormones, it is possible to determine the functional state of the gland, that is, to understand how well the organ performs its function. The blood sample is taken strictly on an empty stomach. In laboratory diagnosis is most often determined the level of TSH, T3 and T4.
TSH is thyroid stimulating hormone which produces the pituitary gland, this hormone regulation of the endocrine function of the thyroid gland. The TSH level will depend on the level of thyroid hormones. If the level of thyroid hormones decreases, the pituitary gland begins to actively produce thyroid hormone and TSH levels in the blood. If the thyroid gland produces excess hormones, the TSH level in the blood is below normal.
T3 – triiodothyronine is a hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. Analysis at the level of T3 is assigned in cases of suspected hyperthyroidism. T4 is a hormone thyroxine, which is also the thyroid hormones. This hormone is more important for determining an imbalance of hormones than T3. Elevated levels of T4 indicate hyperthyroidism and low for hypothyroidism.
Advice 2: How to check your thyroid yourself
The thyroid gland in human body plays a vital role. It produces hormones that regulate many processes, including the nervous, cardiovascular and reproductive system. Any violation in this organ can significantly affect health. That is why it is very important to monitor the thyroid condition, regular visits to the endocrinologist or checking it yourself.
Pay attention to your health. Symptoms of disorders of the thyroid gland is a frequent irritability over trifles and the desire to cry over a minor issue, fatigue from slight exertion, depression or poor sleep, feeling of suffocation when wearing ties, scarves or turtlenecks, or just any discomfort in the front of the neck.
Be wary also in violation of the menstrual cycle, reduced libido, frequent palpitations, excessive sweating, shivering in body, weight reduction and increased pressure in the eyeballs. Of course, each of these symptoms can be talking about different diseases, but when a few of them already it's worth checking the thyroid gland.
Stand before a mirror and look closely at his neck in profile and full face. The thyroid gland should not stand out too much to have any swelling or edema. Then carefully felt the neck - border of the thyroid gland should be visible. When pressed on it there should be no pain, redness or difficulty in breathing.
Disruption of the thyroid can also be determined by the amount of iodine in the body. Help make this simple test. Draw the neck and the heel of iodine mesh. In normal amounts this substance mesh in the neck should be almost invisible after three hours, and on the heels – after 7-8 hours. If the drawn line disappeared early, it means your body needs iodine. But if after the allotted time are drawn, the grid is still clearly visible, too much iodine in the body, which is also a signal of the need to see a doctor.
During the examination of the thyroid gland and look at the condition of the eye. If you think that they have become more bulging, it may indicate the development of graves ' disease, caused by diffuse enlargement of the thyroid gland. In this case, the patient is assigned a complex treatment, inhibiting the synthesis of hormones.
If you find any of the following symptoms must consult a doctor-endocrinologist. He will check the tests and, if necessary, prescribe appropriate treatment, otherwise there may be serious health consequences. With a lack of iodine in the thyroid gland starts to increase in size, trying to get as much of this element from the blood. If time does not increase the consumption of foods or drugs rich in iodine, can grow a pretty impressive crop to get rid of that without a trace will not work.