You will need
- - laboratory work and analyses.
You will undergo ultrasound examination, which allows to determine the size of the thyroid gland, location, presence or absence of nodal formations, changes in the lymph nodes and the structure of the tissue.
If the doctor deems it necessary to conduct additional survey, will be appointed scintography. This survey method is based on the introduction of iodine or technetium and allows to judge about the function of the thyroid gland. This survey is used only if ultrasonography is insufficient to make an accurate diagnosis or suspected cancer.
If you have appointed a puncture of the thyroid gland, so the doctor has reason to believe that there is nodular goiter or difficult to make an accurate diagnosis on the basis of already conducted examination methods. When carrying out the puncture with a fine needle takes a tissue sample for further biopsy under a microscope. The study allows us to determine the cellular composition of the tissue.
Also must prescribe blood tests to determine the level of hormones TSH, T-4, T-3. If you are taking hormonal drugs, they canceled two weeks before the survey. You will take blood from a vein, which will help to determine not only the level of hormones, but the presence of antibodies to thyroglobulin, tirosingidroksilazy and calcitonin.
When the normal function of the thyroid gland TSH 0.4-4.0 mu/l, T-4 – 9-22 pmol/l, T-3 – 2,6-5,7 pmol/l. Any deviations indicate the presence of a disease, which requires systematic treatment and follow-up survey.
The endocrinologist will put you on outpatient records, will prescribe hormones or iodine. You must comply with all recommendations of the doctor, the time has come to repeat a course and pass a test examination, which will allow to judge the effectiveness of treatment and the time to make a correction, if prescribed medications are not sufficiently effective or are assigned a small dose.
Advice 2: How to identify thyroid disease
Unfortunately, diseases of the thyroid gland occur almost imperceptible to humans. Sometimes that thyroid is not in order, will know only when examining about other diseases. So try to pay attention to the small factors that people are not used to give meaning to, believing that they are completely healthy.
The signs that determines abnormalities in the development of the thyroid glandis fatigue. Remember how you feel throughout the day. In the morning, rate how you are feeling. If you get out of bed with a feeling of fatigue and weakness, it can be alarming.
You can check your thyroid, if you have recently become hard to gain weight or, conversely, not making any effort, noted that lose weight. The thyroid gland affects the course of in the body metabolic processes. Therefore, disruption can lead to similar results.
If you are prone to depression or in your life often occur in a stressful situation, check the thyroid gland. When violations occur, and irregularities in the nervous system.
Note - do you feel cold in the hands, being in a warm room. Or, conversely, you feel hot flashes?
Touch your neck. With the growth of the thyroid gland you will notice an increase of goiter.
Remember that thyroid disease may accompany diseases like arthritis. If you have pain in the joints, and yourself checked by an endocrinologist.
Very often problems with the thyroid gland, accompanied by convulsions of the arms and legs. This most often occurs at night and causes insomnia. By the way, if you constantly can't sleep, despite the fatigue and desire to sleep; pass the examination. Insomnia is also one of the symptoms.
Affecting the operation of metabolic processes, diseases of the thyroid gland can cause frequent constipation. Watch the frequency of your stool.
As a rule, in diseases associated with the thyroid gland, increases the amount of cholesterol.
If you experience most of these symptoms, and they are almost chronic in nature, do not delay examination.
It is located in the anterior region of the neck under the Adam's Apple and consists of two lobes, which is Why when the body requires thyroid hormones, the thyroid gland secretes T4 into the blood 1) a Sufficient amount of iodine in food and water (Russia refers to the countries where...
The thyroid gland is on the lower front of the neck. Through this gland passes the entire volume circulating in the body blood for 17 minutes. During this time, secreted by the thyroid gland, iodine kills unstable microbes entering the bloodstream through damaged skin, mucous membrane of the nose or throat, or digestive tract.