Diffuse form of enlargement of the thyroid gland is stored as a function of hormones and with the changes, deterioration or improvement. When the normal production of hormones thyroid tissue increases generally compensatory. The reason is a deficiency of iodine in food and water. There are several degrees of hyperplasia, treatment tactics chooses the endocrinologist.
Replacement therapy with hormones was carried out at the hypothyroidism. Apply an analogue of L-thyroxine, dose and courses selected individually.Spend tireotropin hormone stimulation reduced thyroid function.
Hyperthyroidism is prescribed the agents suppressing the production of hormones, or radioactive iodine to suppress the function. In some cases, an excess of thyroid hormones leads to disruption of the functions and development tireotoksicski crises. In severe degrees of hyperthyroidism with the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy, surgical treatment.
Nodal shape threat probability plots of malignancy, i.e. the development of malignant tumors. Conservatively this form is treated while confirming the purity of the node formations and in the case that the size does not exceed 3 cm and does not put pressure on adjacent organs. In the case of increasing the size of the nodes and with the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy is carried out their surgical removal.
With a small enlargement of the thyroid gland, when there is no danger of compression of adjacent organs (trachea, adjacent vessels and nerves) treatment conservative. Add in a diet the products containing iodine, seaweed and cabbage. Ordinary table salt replace with sea. Exclude from use turnips, cauliflower and red cabbage, and mustard. They contain thiocyanates which inhibit the transport of iodine. Hormone therapy if necessary, prescribed by a doctor.